Ezekiel 18 (New American Standard)

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God Deals Justly with Individuals

1 Then the word of the LORD came to me, saying, 2 "1What do you mean by using this proverb concerning the land of Israel, saying, '2The fathers eat the sour grapes, But the children's teeth aare set on edge '? 3 "As I live," declares the Lord bGOD, "you are surely not going to use this proverb in Israel anymore. 4 "Behold, 3all csouls are Mine; the dsoul of the father as well as the esoul of the son is Mine. The fsoul who 4sins will die. 5 "But if a man is righteous and practices justice and righteousness, 6 and does not 5eat at the mountain shrines or 6lift up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, or 7defile his neighbor's wife or approach a woman during her menstrual period - 7 if a man does not oppress anyone, but 8restores to the debtor his pledge, 9does not commit robbery, but 10gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing, 8 if he does not lend money on 11interest or take 12increase, if he keeps his hand from iniquity and 13executes true justice between man and man, 9 if he walks in 14My statutes and My ordinances so as to deal faithfully -15he is righteous and will surely 16live," declares the Lord GOD. 10 "Then he may ghave a violent son who sheds blood and who does any of these things to a brother 11 (though he himself did not do any of these things ), that is, he even eats at the mountain shrines, and 17defiles his neighbor's wife, 12 oppresses the 18poor and needy, 19commits robbery, does not restore a pledge, but lifts up his eyes to the idols and 20commits abomination, 13 he 21lends money on interest and takes increase; will he live? He will not live! He has committed all these abominations, he will surely be put to death; his 22blood will be hon his own head. 14 "Now behold, he ihas a son who has observed all his father's sins which he committed, and 23observing does not do likewise. 15 "He does not eat at the mountain shrines or lift up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, or defile his neighbor's wife, 16 or oppress anyone, or retain a pledge, or commit robbery, but he 24gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing, 17 he keeps his hand from jthe poor, does not take interest or increase, but executes My ordinances, and walks in My statutes; 25he will not die for his father's iniquity, he will surely live. 18 "As for his father, because he practiced extortion, robbed his brother and did what was not good among his people, behold, he will die for his iniquity. 19 "Yet you say, '26Why should the son not bear the punishment for the father's iniquity?' When the son has practiced 27justice and righteousness and has observed all My statutes and done them, he shall surely live. 20 "The person who 28sins will die. The 29son will not bear the punishment for the father's iniquity, nor will the father bear the punishment for the son's iniquity; the 30righteousness of the righteous will be upon himself, and the wickedness of the wicked will be upon himself. 21 "But if the 31wicked man turns from all his sins which he has committed and observes all My statutes and practices justice and righteousness, he shall surely live; he shall not die. 22 "32All his transgressions which he has committed will not be remembered against him; because of his 33righteousness which he has practiced, he will live. 23 "34Do I have any pleasure in the death of the wicked," declares the Lord GOD, "krather than that he should 35turn from his ways and live? 24 "But when a righteous man 36turns away from his righteousness, commits iniquity and does according to all the abominations that a wicked man does, will he live? 37All his righteous deeds which he has done will not be remembered for his 38treachery which he has committed and his sin which he has committed; for them he will die. 25 "Yet you say, '39The way of the Lord is not right.' Hear now, O house of Israel! Is 40My way not right? Is it not your ways that are not right? 26 "When a righteous man turns away from his righteousness, commits iniquity and dies because of it, for his iniquity which he has committed he will die. 27 "Again, when a wicked man turns away 41from his wickedness which he has committed and practices justice and righteousness, he will save his life. 28 "Because he considered and turned away from all his transgressions which he had committed, he shall surely live; he shall not die. 29 "But the house of Israel says, 'The way of the Lord is not right.' Are My ways not right, O house of Israel? Is it not your ways that are not right? 30 "Therefore I will judge you, O house of Israel, each according to his conduct," declares the Lord GOD. "42Repent and turn away from all your transgressions, so that iniquity may not become a stumbling block to you. 31 "43Cast away from you all your transgressions which you have committed and make yourselves a 44new heart and a new spirit! For why will you die, O house of Israel? 32 "For I have 45no pleasure in the death of anyone who dies," declares the Lord GOD. "Therefore, repent and live."
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