Galatians 4:4-31 NAS

4 But when 1the fullness of the time came, God sent forth His Son, 2born of a woman, born 3under athe Law,

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5 so that He might redeem those who were under bthe Law, that we might receive the adoption as 4sons.

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6 Because you are sons, 5God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into our hearts, crying, "6Abba! Father!"

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7 Therefore you are no longer a slave, but a son; and 7if a son, then an heir cthrough God.

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    • ° 4:7 - I.e. through the gracious act of
      8 However at that time, 8when you did not know God, you were 9slaves to 10those which by nature are no gods.

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      9 But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be 11known by God, 12how is it that you turn back again to the weak and worthless d13elemental things, to which you desire to be enslaved all over again?

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        • ± 4:9 - Or "rudimentary teachings" or "principles"
          10 You 14observe days and months and seasons and years.

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          11 I fear for you, that perhaps I have labored eover you in vain.

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            • ² 4:11 - Or "for"
              12 I beg of you, 15brethren, 16become as I am, for I also have become as you are. You have done me no wrong;

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              13 but you know that it was because of a fbodily illness that I preached the gospel to you the gfirst time;

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                • ³ 4:13 - Lit "weakness of the flesh"
                • ´ 4:13 - Or "former"
                  14 and that which was a htrial to you in my ibodily condition you did not despise or jloathe, but 17you received me as an angel of God, as 18Christ Jesus Himself.

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                    • µ 4:14 - Or "temptation"
                    • 4:14 - Lit "flesh"
                    • · 4:14 - Lit "spit out at"
                      15 Where then is kthat sense of blessing you had? For I bear you witness that, if possible, you would have plucked out your eyes and given them to me.

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                        • ¸ 4:15 - Lit "the congratulation of yourselves"
                          16 So have I become your enemy 19by ltelling you the truth?

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                            • ¹ 4:16 - Or "dealing truthfully with you"
                              17 They eagerly seek you, not commendably, but they wish to shut you out so that you will seek them.
                              18 But it is good always to be eagerly sought in a commendable mmanner, and 20not only when I am present with you.

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                                • º 4:18 - Or "thing"
                                  19 21My children, with whom 22I am again in labor until 23Christ is formed in you-

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                                  20 but I could wish to be present with you now and to change my tone, for 24I am perplexed about you.

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                                  Bond and Free

                                  21 Tell me, you who want to be under law, do you not 25listen to the law?

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                                  22 For it is written that Abraham had two sons, 26one by the bondwoman and 27one by the free woman.

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                                  23 But 28the son by the bondwoman nwas born according to the flesh, and 29the son by the free woman through the promise.

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                                  24 o30This is allegorically speaking, for these women are two covenants: one proceeding from 31Mount Sinai bearing children pwho are to be 32slaves; qshe is Hagar.

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                                    • ¼ 4:24 - Lit "Which"
                                    • ½ 4:24 - Lit "into slavery"
                                    • ¾ 4:24 - Lit "which"
                                      25 Now this Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children.
                                      26 But 33the Jerusalem above is free; rshe is our mother.

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                                      28 And you brethren, 35like Isaac, are 36children of promise.

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                                      29 But as at that time 37he who was born according to the flesh 38persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, 39so it is now also.

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                                      30 But what does the Scripture say? "40CAST OUT THE BONDWOMAN AND HER SON, FOR 41THE SON OF THE BONDWOMAN SHALL NOT BE AN HEIR WITH THE SON OF THE FREE WOMAN."

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                                      31 So then, brethren, we are not children of a bondwoman, sbut of the free woman.

                                      References for Galatians 4:31

                                        • À 4:31 - V 5:1, note 1