The Sons of Jacob

1 Now when Rachel saw that 1she bore Jacob no children, she became jealous of her sister; and she said to Jacob, "2Give me children, or else * I die."

References for Genesis 30:1

2 Then Jacob's anger burned against Rachel, and he said, "Am I in the place of God, who has 3withheld from you the fruit of the womb?"

References for Genesis 30:2

3 She said, "4Here is my maid Bilhah, go in to her that she may 5bear on my knees, that 6through her I too may have children."

References for Genesis 30:3

    • b 30:3 - Lit "from her I too may be built"
      4 So 7she gave him her maid Bilhah as a wife, and Jacob went in to her.

      References for Genesis 30:4

      6 Then Rachel said, "God has 8vindicated me, and has indeed heard my voice and has given me a son." Therefore * she named him Dan.

      References for Genesis 30:6

        • c 30:6 - Lit "judged"
        • d 30:6 - I.e. He judged
          8 So Rachel said, "With mighty wrestlings I have wrestled with my sister, and I have indeed prevailed." And she named him Naphtali.

          References for Genesis 30:8

            • e 30:8 - Lit "wrestlings of God"
            • f 30:8 - Heb "niphtal," related to Naphtali
              9 When Leah saw that she had stopped bearing, she took her maid Zilpah and gave her to Jacob as a wife.
              11 Then Leah said, "How fortunate!" So she named him Gad.

              References for Genesis 30:11

                • g 30:11 - Lit "With fortune!" Some versions read "Fortune has come"
                • h 30:11 - I.e. Fortune
                  13 Then Leah said, "Happy am I! For women 9will call me happy." So she named him Asher.

                  References for Genesis 30:13

                    • i 30:13 - Lit "With my happiness!"
                    • j 30:13 - I.e. happy
                      14 Now in the days of wheat harvest Reuben went and found 10mandrakes in the field, and brought them to his mother Leah. Then Rachel said to Leah, "Please give me some of your son's mandrakes."

                      References for Genesis 30:14

                      15 But she said to her, "Is it a small matter for you to take my husband? And would you take my son's mandrakes also?" So Rachel said, "Therefore he may lie with you tonight in return for your son's mandrakes."
                      16 When Jacob came in from the field in the evening, then Leah went out to meet him and said, "You must come in to me, for I have surely hired you with my son's mandrakes." So he lay with her that night.
                      17 God gave heed to Leah, and she conceived and bore Jacob a fifth son.
                      18 Then Leah said, "God has given me my wages because I gave my maid to my husband." So she named him Issachar.

                      References for Genesis 30:18

                        • k 30:18 - Heb "sachar," related to Issachar
                          20 Then Leah said, "God has endowed me with a good gift; now my husband will dwell with me, because I have borne him six sons." So she named him Zebulun.

                          References for Genesis 30:20

                            • l 30:20 - Heb "zabal," related to Zebulun. Some translate "will honor"
                              21 Afterward she bore a daughter and named * her Dinah.
                              22 Then 11God remembered Rachel, and God gave heed to her and 12opened her womb.

                              References for Genesis 30:22

                              23 So she conceived and bore a son and said, "God has 13taken away my reproach."

                              References for Genesis 30:23

                              24 She named * him Joseph, saying, "14May the LORD give me another son."

                              References for Genesis 30:24

                                • m 30:24 - Lit "add to me;" Heb "Joseph"

                                  Jacob Prospers

                                  25 Now it came about when Rachel had borne Joseph, that Jacob said to Laban, "15Send me away, that I may go to my own place and to my own country.

                                  References for Genesis 30:25

                                  26 "Give me my wives and my children 16for whom I have served you, and let me depart; for you yourself know my service which I have rendered you."

                                  References for Genesis 30:26

                                  27 But Laban said to him, "If now it pleases * you, stay with me; I have divined 17that the LORD has blessed me on your account."

                                  References for Genesis 30:27

                                    • o 30:27 - Lit "I have found favor in your eyes"
                                      28 He continued, "18Name me your wages, and I will give it."

                                      References for Genesis 30:28

                                      29 But he said to him, "19You yourself know how * I have served you and how * your cattle have fared with me.

                                      References for Genesis 30:29

                                      30 "For you had little before I came and it has increased to a multitude, and the LORD has blessed you wherever I turned. But now, when shall I provide for my own household also?"

                                      References for Genesis 30:30

                                        • r 30:30 - Lit "me"
                                        • s 30:30 - Lit "broken forth"
                                        • t 30:30 - Lit "at my foot"
                                          31 So he said, "What shall I give you?" And Jacob said, "You shall not give me anything. If you will do this one thing for me, I will again pasture and keep your flock:
                                          32 let me pass through your entire flock today, removing from there every 20speckled and spotted sheep and every black one among the lambs and the spotted and speckled among the goats; and such shall be my wages.

                                          References for Genesis 30:32

                                          33 "So my honesty will answer for me later *, when you come concerning my wages. Every one that is not speckled and spotted among the goats and black among the lambs, if found with me, will be considered stolen."

                                          References for Genesis 30:33

                                            • v 30:33 - Lit "righteousness"
                                            • w 30:33 - Lit "wages which are before you"
                                              34 Laban said, "Good, let it be according to your word."

                                              References for Genesis 30:34

                                                • x 30:34 - Lit "Behold, would that it might be"
                                                  35 So he removed on that day the striped and spotted male goats and all the speckled and spotted female goats, every one with white in it, and all the black ones among the sheep, and gave them into the care of his sons.

                                                  References for Genesis 30:35

                                                      36 And he put a distance of three days' journey between himself and Jacob, and Jacob fed the rest of Laban's flocks.
                                                      37 Then Jacob took fresh rods of poplar and almond and plane trees, and peeled white stripes in them, exposing the white which was in the rods.

                                                      References for Genesis 30:37

                                                        • z 30:37 - Lit "took to himself"
                                                        • { 30:37 - Lit "on"
                                                          38 He set the rods which he had peeled in front of the flocks in the gutters, even in the watering troughs, where the flocks came to drink; and they mated when they came to drink.

                                                          References for Genesis 30:38

                                                            • | 30:38 - Or "conceived"
                                                              39 So the flocks mated by the rods, and the flocks brought forth striped, speckled, and spotted.

                                                              References for Genesis 30:39

                                                                • } 30:39 - Or "conceived"
                                                                  40 Jacob separated the lambs, and made the flocks face toward the striped and all the black in the flock of Laban; and he put his own herds apart, and did not put them with Laban's flock.

                                                                  References for Genesis 30:40

                                                                    • ~ 30:40 - Lit "set the faces"
                                                                      41 Moreover, whenever the stronger of the flock were mating, Jacob would place the rods in the sight of the flock in the gutters, so that they might mate by the rods;

                                                                      References for Genesis 30:41

                                                                        •  30:41 - Lit "bound ones;" i.e. firm and compact
                                                                        • € 30:41 - Or "conceived"
                                                                        •  30:41 - Or "conceive"
                                                                          42 but when the flock was feeble, he did not put them in; so the feebler were Laban's and the stronger Jacob's.

                                                                          References for Genesis 30:42

                                                                            • ‚ 30:42 - Lit "bound ones;" i.e. firm and compact
                                                                              43 So 21the man became exceedingly prosperous, and had large flocks and female and male servants * and camels and donkeys.

                                                                              References for Genesis 30:43