Jacob's Fear of Esau

1 Now as Jacob went on his way, 1the angels of God met him.

References for Genesis 32:1

2 Jacob said when he saw them, "This is God's camp." So he named * that place 2Mahanaim.

References for Genesis 32:2

    • a 32:2 - Or "company"
    • b 32:2 - I.e. Two Camps, or Two Companies
      3 Then Jacob 3sent messengers before him to his brother Esau in the land of 4Seir, the country of 5Edom.
      4 He also commanded them saying, "Thus you shall say to my lord Esau: 'Thus says your servant Jacob, "I have sojourned with Laban, and 6stayed until now;

      References for Genesis 32:4

      5 7I have oxen and donkeys and flocks and male and female servants *; and I have sent to tell my lord, 8that I may find favor in your sight.""'

      References for Genesis 32:5

      6 The messengers returned to Jacob, saying, "We came to your brother Esau, and furthermore 9he is coming to meet you, and four hundred men are with him."

      References for Genesis 32:6

      7 Then Jacob was 10greatly afraid and distressed; and he divided the people who were with him, and the flocks and the herds and the camels, into two companies;

      References for Genesis 32:7

      8 for he said, "If Esau comes to the one company and attacks it, then the company which is left will escape."

      References for Genesis 32:8

        • d 32:8 - Lit "smites"
          9 Jacob said, "O 11God of my father Abraham and God of my father Isaac, O LORD, who said to me, '12Return to your country and to your relatives, and I will prosper you,'

          References for Genesis 32:9

          10 I am unworthy 13of all the lovingkindness and of all the faithfulness which You have shown to Your servant; for with my staff only I crossed this Jordan, and now I have become two companies.

          References for Genesis 32:10

            • f 32:10 - Lit "I am less than all"
            • g 32:10 - Or "truth"
              11 "14Deliver me, I pray, 15from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau; for I fear him, that he will come and attack me and the 16mothers with the children.

              References for Genesis 32:11

              12 "For You said, '17I will surely prosper you and 18make your descendants as the sand of the sea, which is too great to be numbered.' "

              References for Genesis 32:12

                • i 32:12 - Lit "do good with"
                • j 32:12 - Lit "seed"
                  13 So he spent the night there. Then he selected from what he had with him a 19present for his brother Esau:

                  References for Genesis 32:13

                    • k 32:13 - Lit "took"
                    • l 32:13 - Lit "had come to his hand"
                      16 He delivered them into the hand of his servants, every drove by itself, and said to his servants, "Pass on before me, and put a space between droves."
                      17 He commanded the one in front, saying, "When my brother Esau meets you and asks you, saying, 'To whom do you belong, and where are you going, and to whom do these animals in front of you belong?'

                      References for Genesis 32:17

                          18 then you shall say, 'These belong to your servant Jacob; it is a present sent to my lord Esau. And behold, he also is behind us.' "
                          19 Then he commanded also the second and the third, and all those who followed * the droves, saying, "After this manner you shall speak to Esau when you find him;
                          20 and you shall say, 'Behold, your servant Jacob also is behind us.' " For he said, "I will appease * him with the present that goes before me. Then afterward * I will see his face; perhaps he will accept * me."
                          21 So the present passed on before * him, while he himself spent that night in the camp.
                          22 Now he arose that same night and took his two wives and his two maids and his eleven * children, and crossed the ford of the 20Jabbok.

                          References for Genesis 32:22

                          23 He took them and sent them across the stream. And he sent across whatever he had.

                          Jacob Wrestles

                          24 Then Jacob was left alone, and a man 21wrestled with him until daybreak.

                          References for Genesis 32:24

                          25 When he saw that he had not prevailed against him, he touched the socket of his thigh; so the socket of Jacob's thigh was dislocated while he wrestled with him.
                          26 Then he said, "Let me go, for the dawn is breaking." But he said, "22I will not let you go unless * you bless me."

                          References for Genesis 32:26

                          27 So he said to him, "What is your name?" And he said, "Jacob."
                          28 23He said, "Your name shall no longer be Jacob, but Israel; for you have striven with God and with men and have prevailed."

                          References for Genesis 32:28

                            • n 32:28 - I.e. he who strives with God; or God strives
                              29 Then 24Jacob asked him and said, "Please tell me your name." But he said, "Why is it that you ask my name?" And he blessed him there.

                              References for Genesis 32:29

                              30 So Jacob named * the place Peniel, for he said, "25I have seen God face to face, yet my life has been preserved."

                              References for Genesis 32:30

                              31 Now the sun rose upon him just as he crossed over 26Penuel, and he was limping on his thigh.

                              References for Genesis 32:31

                              32 Therefore *, to this day the sons of Israel do not eat the sinew of the hip which is on the socket of the thigh, because he touched the socket of Jacob's thigh in the sinew of the hip.