Zebah and Zalmunna Routed

1 Then the men of Ephraim said to him, "1What is this thing you have done to us, not calling us when you went to fight against Midian?" And they contended with him vigorously.

References for Judges 8:1

2 But he said to them, "What have I done now in comparison with you? Is not the gleaning of the grapes of Ephraim better than the vintage of Abiezer?
3 "God has given the leaders of Midian, Oreb and Zeeb into your hands; and what was I able to do in comparison with you?" Then their anger toward * him subsided when he said that.

References for Judges 8:3

    • a 8:3 - Lit "spirit"
    • b 8:3 - Lit "this thing"
      4 Then Gideon and the 300 * men who were with him came 2to the Jordan and crossed over, weary yet pursuing.

      References for Judges 8:4

      5 He said to the men of 3Succoth, "Please give loaves of bread to the people who are following me, for they are weary, and I am pursuing Zebah and Zalmunna, the kings of Midian."

      References for Judges 8:5

      6 The leaders of Succoth said, "4Are the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna already in your hands, that we should give bread to your army?"

      References for Judges 8:6

        • c 8:6 - Lit "Is the palm"
          7 Gideon said, "All right, 5when the LORD has given Zebah and Zalmunna into my hand, then I will thrash your bodies with the thorns of the wilderness and with briers."

          References for Judges 8:7

            • d 8:7 - Lit "For thus"
            • e 8:7 - Or "trample"
            • f 8:7 - Lit "flesh"
              8 He went up from there to 6Penuel and spoke similarly to them; and the men of Penuel answered him just as the men of Succoth had answered.

              References for Judges 8:8

                • g 8:8 - In Gen 32:30, "Peniel"
                  9 So he spoke also to the men of Penuel, saying, "When I return safely, 7I will tear down this tower."

                  References for Judges 8:9

                  10 Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, and their armies with them, about 15,000 * * men, all who were left of the entire army of the sons of the east; 8for the fallen were 120,000 * * swordsmen * *.

                  References for Judges 8:10

                    • h 8:10 - Or "camps"
                    • i 8:10 - Or "camp"
                    • j 8:10 - Lit "men who drew sword"
                      11 Gideon went up by the way of those who lived in tents on the east of Nobah and Jogbehah, and attacked the camp when the camp was unsuspecting.

                      References for Judges 8:11

                        • k 8:11 - Lit "smote"
                        • l 8:11 - Or "secure"
                          12 When Zebah and Zalmunna fled, he pursued them and captured the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and routed the whole army.

                          References for Judges 8:12

                            • m 8:12 - Or "camp"
                              13 Then Gideon the son of Joash returned from the battle by the ascent of Heres.

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                                • n 8:13 - Or "from"
                                  14 And he captured a youth from Succoth and questioned him. Then the youth wrote down for him the princes of Succoth and its elders, seventy-seven men.

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                                    • o 8:14 - Lit "of the men of"
                                      15 He came to the men of Succoth and said, "Behold Zebah and Zalmunna, concerning whom you taunted me, saying, '9Are the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna already in your hand, that we should give bread to your men who are weary?' "

                                      References for Judges 8:15

                                        • p 8:15 - Lit "Is the palm"
                                          16 He took the elders of the city, and thorns of the wilderness and briers, and he disciplined the men of Succoth with them.

                                          References for Judges 8:16

                                            • q 8:16 - Lit "made the men...to know"
                                              17 10He tore down the tower of Penuel and killed the men of the city.

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                                              18 Then he said to Zebah and Zalmunna, "What kind of men were they whom you killed at Tabor?" And they said, "They were like you, each one resembling the son of a king."

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                                                • r 8:18 - Lit "like the form of the sons"
                                                  19 He said, "They were my brothers, the sons of my mother. As the LORD lives, if only you had let them live, I would not kill you."
                                                  20 So he said to Jether his firstborn, "Rise, kill them." But the youth did not draw his sword, for he was afraid, because he was still a youth.
                                                  21 Then Zebah and Zalmunna said, "Rise up yourself, and fall on us; for as the man, so is his strength." 11So Gideon arose and killed Zebah and Zalmunna, and 12took the crescent ornaments which were on their camels' necks.

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                                                  22 Then the men of Israel said to Gideon, "Rule over us, both you and your son, also your son's son, for you have delivered us from the hand of Midian."
                                                  23 But Gideon said to them, "I will not rule over you, nor shall my son rule over you; 13the LORD shall rule over you."

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                                                  24 Yet Gideon said to them, "I would request * of you, that each of you give me an earring from his spoil." (For they had gold earrings, because they were 14Ishmaelites.)

                                                  References for Judges 8:24

                                                    • s 8:24 - Lit "request a request"
                                                    • t 8:24 - Or "a nose ring"
                                                      25 They said, "We will surely give them." So they spread out a garment, and every one of them threw an earring there from his spoil.
                                                      26 The weight of the gold earrings that he requested was 1,700 * * shekels of gold, besides * the crescent ornaments and the pendants and the purple robes which were on the kings of Midian, and besides * the neck bands that were on their camels' necks.
                                                      27 Gideon made it into 15an ephod, and placed it in his city, Ophrah, and all Israel played the harlot with it there, so that it became a snare to Gideon and his household.

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                                                      Forty Years of Peace

                                                      28 So Midian was subdued before the sons of Israel, and they did not lift up their heads anymore. And the land was undisturbed for forty years in the days of Gideon.

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                                                          29 Then 16Jerubbaal the son of Joash went and lived in his own house.

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                                                          30 Now Gideon had 17seventy sons who were his direct descendants, for he had many wives.

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                                                            • u 8:30 - Lit "came from his loins"
                                                              31 His concubine who was in Shechem also bore him a son, and he named * him Abimelech.

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                                                                • v 8:31 - Lit "appointed his name"
                                                                  32 And Gideon the son of Joash died at a ripe old age and was buried in the tomb of his father Joash, in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.
                                                                  33 Then it came about, as soon as Gideon was dead, 18that the sons of Israel again played the harlot with the Baals, and made 19Baal-berith their god.

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                                                                  34 Thus the sons of Israel 20did not remember the LORD their God, who had delivered them from the hands of all their enemies on every side;

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                                                                  35 21nor did they show kindness to the household of Jerubbaal (that is, Gideon ) in accord with all the good that he had done to Israel.

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