Matthew 23:1-25 NAS

Pharisaism Exposed

1 1Then Jesus spoke to the crowds and to His disciples,

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2 saying: "2The scribes and the Pharisees have seated themselves in the chair of Moses;

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3 therefore all that they tell you, do and observe, but do not do according to their deeds; for they say things and do not do them.
4 "3They tie up heavy burdens and lay them on men's shoulders, but they themselves are unwilling * to move them with so much as a finger.#rl

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5 "But they do all their deeds 4to be noticed by men; for they 5broaden their phylacteries and lengthen 6the tassels of their garments.

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    • a 23:5 - I.e. small cases containing Scripture texts worn on the left arm and forehead for religious purposes
      6 "They 7love the place of honor at banquets and the chief seats in the synagogues,

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      7 and respectful greetings in the market places, and being called 8Rabbi by men.

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          8 "But 9do not be called 10Rabbi; for One is your Teacher, and you are all brothers.

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              9 "Do not call anyone on earth your father; for 11One is your Father, He who is in heaven.

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              10 "Do not be called leaders; for One is your Leader, that is, Christ.

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                • b 23:10 - Or "teachers"
                  11 "12But the greatest among you shall be your servant.

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                  12 "13Whoever exalts himself shall be humbled; and whoever humbles himself shall be exalted.

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                  Eight Woes

                  13 "14But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, 15because you shut off the kingdom of heaven from people; for you do not enter in yourselves, nor do you allow those who are entering to go in.

                  References for Matthew 23:13

                    • c 23:13 - Lit "in front of"
                    • d 23:13 - Gr "anthropoi"
                      14 ["Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, because 16you devour widows' houses, and for a pretense you make long prayers; therefore * you will receive greater condemnation.

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                        • e 23:14 - This v not found in early mss
                          15 "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, because you travel around on sea and land to make one 17proselyte; and when he becomes one, you make him twice as much a son of 18hell as yourselves.

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                              16 "Woe to you, 19blind guides, who say, '20Whoever * swears by the temple, that is nothing; but whoever * swears by the gold of the temple is obligated.'

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                                • h 23:16 - Or "sanctuary"
                                • i 23:16 - Or "sanctuary"
                                  17 "You fools and blind men! 21Which is more important, the gold or the temple that sanctified the gold?

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                                    • j 23:17 - Lit "greater"
                                    • k 23:17 - Or "sanctuary"
                                      18 "And, 'Whoever * swears by the altar, that is nothing, but whoever * swears by the offering on it, he is obligated.'

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                                          19 "You blind men, 22which is more important, the offering, or the altar that sanctifies the offering?#rl

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                                              20 "Therefore, whoever swears by the altar, swears both by the altar and by everything on it.

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                                                  21 "And whoever swears by the temple, swears both by the temple and by Him who 23dwells within it.#rl

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                                                      22 "And whoever swears by heaven, 24swears both by the throne of God and by Him who sits upon it.

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                                                      23 "25Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you tithe mint and dill and cummin, and have neglected the weightier provisions of the law: justice and mercy and faithfulness; but these are the things you should have done without neglecting the others.

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                                                        • v 23:23 - Similar to caraway seeds
                                                          24 "You 26blind guides, who strain out a gnat and swallow a camel!

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                                                          25 "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For 27you clean the outside of the cup and of the dish, but inside they are full of robbery and self-indulgence.

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                                                            • w 23:25 - Or "as a result of"