Matthew 23:1-38 NAS

Pharisaism Exposed

1 1Then Jesus spoke to the crowds and to His disciples,

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2 saying: "2The scribes and the Pharisees have seated themselves in the chair of Moses;

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3 therefore all that they tell you, do and observe, but do not do according to their deeds; for they say things and do not do them.
4 "3They tie up heavy burdens and lay them on men's shoulders, but they themselves are unwilling * to move them with so much as a finger.#rl

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5 "But they do all their deeds 4to be noticed by men; for they 5broaden their aphylacteries and lengthen 6the tassels of their garments.

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    • ɕ 23:5 - I.e. small cases containing Scripture texts worn on the left arm and forehead for religious purposes
      6 "They 7love the place of honor at banquets and the chief seats in the synagogues,

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      7 and respectful greetings in the market places, and being called 8Rabbi by men.

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          8 "But 9do not be called 10Rabbi; for One is your Teacher, and you are all brothers.

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              9 "Do not call anyone on earth your father; for 11One is your Father, He who is in heaven.

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              10 "Do not be called bleaders; for One is your Leader, that is, Christ.

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                • ɖ 23:10 - Or "teachers"
                  11 "12But the greatest among you shall be your servant.

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                  12 "13Whoever exalts himself shall be humbled; and whoever humbles himself shall be exalted.

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                  Eight Woes

                  13 "14But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, 15because you shut off the kingdom of heaven cfrom dpeople; for you do not enter in yourselves, nor do you allow those who are entering to go in.

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                    • ɗ 23:13 - Lit "in front of"
                    • ɘ 23:13 - Gr "anthropoi"
                      14 ["eWoe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, because 16you devour widows' houses, and for a pretense you make long prayers; therefore * you will receive greater condemnation.

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                        • ə 23:14 - This v not found in early mss
                          15 "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, because you travel around on sea and land to make one f17proselyte; and when he becomes one, you make him twice as much a son of g18hell as yourselves.

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                              16 "Woe to you, 19blind guides, who say, '20Whoever * swears by the htemple, that is nothing; but whoever * swears by the gold of the itemple is obligated.'

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                                • ɜ 23:16 - Or "sanctuary"
                                • ɝ 23:16 - Or "sanctuary"
                                  17 "You fools and blind men! 21Which is jmore important, the gold or the ktemple that sanctified the gold?

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                                    • ɞ 23:17 - Lit "greater"
                                    • ɟ 23:17 - Or "sanctuary"
                                      18 "And, 'Whoever * swears by the altar, that is nothing, but whoever * swears by the loffering on it, he is obligated.'

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                                          19 "You blind men, 22which is mmore important, the noffering, or the altar that sanctifies the ooffering?#rl

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                                              20 "Therefore, pwhoever swears by the altar, swears both by qthe altar and by everything on it.

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                                                  21 "And rwhoever swears by the stemple, swears both by tthe temple and by Him who 23dwells within it.#rl

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                                                      22 "And uwhoever swears by heaven, 24swears both by the throne of God and by Him who sits upon it.

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                                                      23 "25Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you tithe mint and dill and vcummin, and have neglected the weightier provisions of the law: justice and mercy and faithfulness; but these are the things you should have done without neglecting the others.

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                                                        • ɪ 23:23 - Similar to caraway seeds
                                                          24 "You 26blind guides, who strain out a gnat and swallow a camel!

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                                                          25 "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For 27you clean the outside of the cup and of the dish, but inside they are full wof robbery and self-indulgence.

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                                                            • ɫ 23:25 - Or "as a result of"
                                                              26 "You blind Pharisee, first 28clean the inside of the cup and of the dish, so that the outside of it may become clean also.

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                                                              27 "29Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you are like whitewashed tombs which on the outside appear beautiful, but inside they are full of dead men's bones and all uncleanness.

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                                                              28 "So you, too, outwardly appear righteous to men, but inwardly you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness.
                                                              29 "30Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you build the tombs of the prophets and adorn the monuments of the righteous,

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                                                              30 and say, 'If we had been living in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partners with them in shedding the blood of the prophets.'
                                                              31 "So you testify against yourselves, that you 31are xsons of those who murdered the prophets.

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                                                              32 "Fill up, then, the measure of the guilt of your fathers.
                                                              33 "You serpents, 32you brood of vipers, how ywill you escape the zsentence of {33hell?

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                                                                  34 "34Therefore *, behold, 35I am sending you prophets and wise men and scribes; some of them you will kill and crucify, and some of them you will 36scourge in your synagogues, and 37persecute from city to city,

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                                                                  35 so that upon you may fall the guilt of all the righteous blood shed on earth, from the blood of righteous 38Abel to the blood of Zechariah, the 39son of Berechiah, whom 40you murdered between the |temple and the altar.

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                                                                  36 "Truly I say to you, all these things will come upon 41this generation.#rl

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                                                                  Lament over Jerusalem

                                                                  37 "42Jerusalem, Jerusalem, who 43kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, 44the way a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, and you were unwilling *.

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                                                                  38 "Behold, 45your house is being left to you desolate!

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