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Matthew 15; Mark 7 (New International Reader's Version)

What Makes People "Unclean"?

1 Some Pharisees and some teachers of the law came from Jerusalem to see Jesus. They asked, 2 "Why don't your disciples obey what the elders teach? Your disciples don't wash their hands before they eat!" 3 Jesus replied, "And why don't you obey God's command? You would rather follow your own teachings! 4 God said, 'Honor your father and mother.'#1(Exodus 20:12; Deuteronomy 5:16)#2 He also said, 'If anyone calls down a curse on his father or mother, he will be put to death.'#1(Exodus 21:17; Leviticus 20:9)#2 5 But you allow people to say to their parents, 'Any help you might have received from us is a gift set apart for God.' 6 So they do not need to honor their parents with their gift. You make the word of God useless in order to follow your own teachings. 7 "You pretenders! Isaiah was right when he prophesied about you. He said, 8 " 'These people honor me by what they say. But their hearts are far away from me. 9 Their worship doesn't mean anything to me. They teach nothing but human rules.' " #1(Isaiah 29:13)#2 10 Jesus called the crowd to him. He said, "Listen and understand. 11 What goes into your mouth does not make you 'unclean.' It's what comes out of your mouth that makes you 'unclean.' " 12 Then the disciples came to him. They asked, "Do you know that the Pharisees were angry when they heard this?" 13 Jesus replied, "There are plants that my Father in heaven has not planted. They will be pulled up by the roots. 14 Leave them. The Pharisees are blind guides. If a blind person leads another who is blind, both of them will fall into a pit." 15 Peter said, "Explain this to us." 16 "Don't you understand yet?" Jesus asked them. 17 "Don't you see? Everything that enters the mouth goes into the stomach. Then it goes out of the body. 18 But the things that come out of the mouth come from the heart. Those are the things that make you 'unclean.' 19 Evil thoughts come out of the heart. So do murder, adultery, and other sexual sins. And so do stealing, false witness, and telling lies about others. 20 Those are the things that make you 'unclean.' But eating without washing your hands does not make you 'unclean.' "

The Faith of a Woman From Canaan

21 Jesus left Galilee and went to the area of Tyre and Sidon. 22 A woman from Canaan lived near Tyre and Sidon. She came to him and cried out, "Lord! Son of David! Have mercy on me! A demon controls my daughter. She is suffering terribly." 23 Jesus did not say a word. So his disciples came to him. They begged him, "Send her away. She keeps crying out after us." 24 Jesus answered, "I was sent only to the people of Israel. They are like lost sheep." 25 Then the woman fell to her knees in front of him. "Lord! Help me!" she said. 26 He replied, "It is not right to take the children's bread and throw it to their dogs." 27 "Yes, Lord," she said. "But even the dogs eat the crumbs that fall from their owners' table." 28 Then Jesus answered, "Woman, you have great faith! You will be given what you are asking for." And her daughter was healed at that very moment.

Jesus Feeds the Four Thousand

29 Jesus left there. He walked along the Sea of Galilee. Then he went up on a mountainside and sat down. 30 Large crowds came to him. They brought blind people and those who could not walk. They also brought disabled people, those who could not speak, and many others. They laid them at his feet, and he healed them. 31 The people were amazed. Those who could not speak were speaking. The disabled were made well. Those not able to walk were walking. Those who were blind could see. So the people praised the God of Israel. 32 Then Jesus called for his disciples to come to him. He said, "I feel deep concern for these people. They have already been with me three days. They don't have anything to eat. I don't want to send them away hungry. If I do, they will become too weak on their way home." 33 His disciples answered him. "There is nothing here," they said. "Where could we get enough bread to feed this large crowd?" 34 "How many loaves do you have?" Jesus asked. "Seven," they replied, "and a few small fish." 35 Jesus told the crowd to sit down on the ground. 36 He took the seven loaves and the fish and gave thanks. Then he broke them and gave them to the disciples. And the disciples passed them out to the people. 37 All of them ate and were satisfied. After that, the disciples picked up seven baskets of leftover pieces. 38 The number of men who ate was 4,000. Women and children also ate. 39 After Jesus had sent the crowd away, he got into the boat. He went to the area near Magadan.

What Makes People "Unclean"?

1 The Pharisees gathered around Jesus. So did some of the teachers of the law. All of them had come from Jerusalem. 2 They saw some of his disciples eating food with "unclean" hands. That means they were not washed. 3 The Pharisees and all the Jews do not eat unless they wash their hands to make them pure. That's what the elders teach. 4 When they come from the market place, they do not eat unless they wash. And they follow many other teachings. For example, they wash cups, pitchers, and kettles in a special way. 5 So the Pharisees and the teachers of the law questioned Jesus. "Why don't your disciples live by what the elders teach?" they asked. "Why do they eat their food with 'unclean' hands?" 6 He replied, "Isaiah was right. He prophesied about you people who pretend to be good. He said, " 'These people honor me by what they say. But their hearts are far away from me. 7 Their worship doesn't mean anything to me. They teach nothing but human rules.' #1(Isaiah 29:13)#2 8 You have let go of God's commands. And you are holding on to the teachings that men have made up." 9 Jesus then said to them, "You have a fine way of setting aside God's commands! You do this so you can follow your own teachings. 10 Moses said, 'Honor your father and mother.'#1(Exodus 20:12; Deuteronomy 5:16)#2 He also said, 'If anyone calls down a curse on his father or mother, he will be put to death.'#1(Exodus 21:17; Leviticus 20:9)#2 11 But you allow people to say to their parents, 'Any help you might have received from us is Corban.' (Corban means 'a gift set apart for God.' ) 12 So you no longer let them do anything for their parents. 13 You make the word of God useless by putting your own teachings in its place. And you do many things like that." 14 Again Jesus called the crowd to him. He said, "Listen to me, everyone. Understand this. 15 Nothing outside of you can make you 'unclean' by going into you. It is what comes out of you that makes you 'unclean.' " 17 Then he left the crowd and entered the house. His disciples asked him about this teaching. 18 "Don't you understand?" Jesus asked. "Don't you see? Nothing that enters people from the outside can make them 'unclean.' 19 It doesn't go into the heart. It goes into the stomach. Then it goes out of the body." In saying this, Jesus was calling all foods "clean." 20 He went on to say, "What comes out of people makes them 'unclean.' 21 Evil thoughts come from the inside, from people's hearts. So do sexual sins, stealing and murder. Adultery, 22 greed, hate and cheating come from people's hearts too. So do desires that are not pure, and wanting what belongs to others. And so do telling lies about others and being proud and being foolish. 23 All those evil things come from inside a person. They make him 'unclean.' "

The Faith of a Greek Woman

24 Jesus went from there to a place near Tyre. He entered a house. He did not want anyone to know where he was. But he could not keep it a secret. 25 Soon a woman heard about him. An evil spirit controlled her little daughter. The woman came to Jesus and fell at his feet. 26 She was a Greek, born in Syrian Phoenicia. She begged Jesus to drive the demon out of her daughter. 27 "First let the children eat all they want," he told her. "It is not right to take the children's bread and throw it to their dogs." 28 "Yes, Lord," she replied. "But even the dogs under the table eat the children's crumbs." 29 Then he told her, "That was a good reply. You may go. The demon has left your daughter." 30 So she went home and found her child lying on the bed. And the demon was gone.

Jesus Heals a Man Who Could Not Hear or Speak

31 Then Jesus left the area of Tyre and went through Sidon. He went down to the Sea of Galilee and into the area known as the Ten Cities. 32 There some people brought a man to him. The man was deaf and could hardly speak. They begged Jesus to place his hand on him. 33 Jesus took the man to one side, away from the crowd. He put his fingers into the man's ears. Then he spit and touched the man's tongue. 34 Jesus looked up to heaven. With a deep sigh, he said to the man, ""Ephphatha!"" That means "Be opened!" 35 The man's ears were opened. His tongue was freed up, and he began to speak clearly. 36 Jesus ordered the people not to tell anyone. But the more he did so, the more they kept talking about it. 37 People were really amazed. "He has done everything well," they said. "He even makes deaf people able to hear. And he makes those who can't speak able to talk."
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