Among the priests who returned were Jedaiah, Jehoiarib, Jakin,
Azariah son of Hilkiah, son of Meshullam, son of Zadok, son of Meraioth, son of Ahitub. Azariah was the chief officer of the house of God.
Other returning priests were Adaiah son of Jeroham, son of Pashhur, son of Malkijah, and Maasai son of Adiel, son of Jahzerah, son of Meshullam, son of Meshillemith, son of Immer.
In all, 1,760 priests returned. They were heads of clans and very able men. They were responsible for ministering at the house of God.
The Levites who returned were Shemaiah son of Hasshub, son of Azrikam, son of Hashabiah, a descendant of Merari;
Bakbakkar; Heresh; Galal; Mattaniah son of Mica, son of Zicri, son of Asaph;
Obadiah son of Shemaiah, son of Galal, son of Jeduthun; and Berekiah son of Asa, son of Elkanah, who lived in the area of Netophah.
The gatekeepers who returned were Shallum, Akkub, Talmon, Ahiman, and their relatives. Shallum was the chief gatekeeper.
Prior to this time, they were responsible for the King's Gate on the east side. These men served as gatekeepers for the camps of the Levites.
Shallum was the son of Kore, a descendant of Abiasaph, from the clan of Korah. He and his relatives, the Korahites, were responsible for guarding the entrance to the sanctuary, just as their ancestors had guarded the Tabernacle in the camp of the LORD.
References for 1 Chronicles 9:19
Phinehas son of Eleazar had been in charge of the gatekeepers in earlier times, and the LORD had been with him.
And later Zechariah son of Meshelemiah had been responsible for guarding the entrance to the Tabernacle.
References for 1 Chronicles 9:21
In all, there were 212 gatekeepers in those days, and they were listed by genealogies in their villages. David and Samuel the seer had appointed their ancestors because they were reliable men.
These gatekeepers and their descendants, by their divisions, were responsible for guarding the entrance to the house of the LORD, the house that was formerly a tent.
The gatekeepers were stationed on all four sides -- east, west, north, and south.
From time to time, their relatives in the villages came to share their duties for seven-day periods.
The four chief gatekeepers, all Levites, were in an office of great trust, for they were responsible for the rooms and treasuries at the house of God.
They would spend the night around the house of God, since it was their duty to guard it. It was also their job to open the gates every morning.
Some of the gatekeepers were assigned to care for the various utensils used in worship. They checked them in and out to avoid any loss.
Others were responsible for the furnishings, the items in the sanctuary, and the supplies such as choice flour, wine, olive oil, incense, and spices.
But it was the priests who prepared the spices and incense.
Mattithiah, a Levite and the oldest son of Shallum the Korahite, was entrusted with baking the bread used in the offerings.
And some members of the clan of Kohath were in charge of preparing the bread to be set on the table each Sabbath day.
The musicians, all prominent Levites, lived at the Temple. They were exempt from other responsibilities there since they were on duty at all hours.
All these men lived in Jerusalem. They were the heads of Levite families and were listed as prominent leaders in their tribal genealogy.