“Go back to Pharaoh,” the commanded Moses. “Tell him, ‘This is what the , the God of the Hebrews, says: Let my people go, so they can worship me.
If you continue to hold them and refuse to let them go,
the hand of the will strike all your livestock—your horses, donkeys, camels, cattle, sheep, and goats—with a deadly plague.
But the will again make a distinction between the livestock of the Israelites and that of the Egyptians. Not a single one of Israel’s animals will die!
The has already set the time for the plague to begin. He has declared that he will strike the land tomorrow.’”
And the did just as he had said. The next morning all the livestock of the Egyptians died, but the Israelites didn’t lose a single animal.
Pharaoh sent his officials to investigate, and they discovered that the Israelites had not lost a single animal! But even so, Pharaoh’s heart remained stubborn, and he still refused to let the people go.
References for Exodus 9:7
Then the said to Moses and Aaron, “Take handfuls of soot from a brick kiln, and have Moses toss it into the air while Pharaoh watches.
The ashes will spread like fine dust over the whole land of Egypt, causing festering boils to break out on people and animals throughout the land.”
So they took soot from a brick kiln and went and stood before Pharaoh. As Pharaoh watched, Moses threw the soot into the air, and boils broke out on people and animals alike.
Even the magicians were unable to stand before Moses, because the boils had broken out on them and all the Egyptians.
But the hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and just as the had predicted to Moses, Pharaoh refused to listen.
Then the said to Moses, “Get up early in the morning and stand before Pharaoh. Tell him, ‘This is what the , the God of the Hebrews, says: Let my people go, so they can worship me.
If you don’t, I will send more plagues on you and your officials and your people. Then you will know that there is no one like me in all the earth.
References for Exodus 9:14
By now I could have lifted my hand and struck you and your people with a plague to wipe you off the face of the earth.
But I have spared you for a purpose—to show you my power and to spread my fame throughout the earth.
References for Exodus 9:16
But you still lord it over my people and refuse to let them go.
So tomorrow at this time I will send a hailstorm more devastating than any in all the history of Egypt.
Quick! Order your livestock and servants to come in from the fields to find shelter. Any person or animal left outside will die when the hail falls.’”
Some of Pharaoh’s officials were afraid because of what the had said. They quickly brought their servants and livestock in from the fields.
But those who paid no attention to the word of the left theirs out in the open.
Then the said to Moses, “Lift your hand toward the sky so hail may fall on the people, the livestock, and all the plants throughout the land of Egypt.”
So Moses lifted his staff toward the sky, and the sent thunder and hail, and lightning flashed toward the earth. The sent a tremendous hailstorm against all the land of Egypt.
Never in all the history of Egypt had there been a storm like that, with such devastating hail and continuous lightning.
It left all of Egypt in ruins. The hail struck down everything in the open field—people, animals, and plants alike. Even the trees were destroyed.
The only place without hail was the region of Goshen, where the people of Israel lived.
Then Pharaoh quickly summoned Moses and Aaron. “This time I have sinned,” he confessed. “The is the righteous one, and my people and I are wrong.
Please beg the to end this terrifying thunder and hail. We’ve had enough. I will let you go; you don’t need to stay any longer.”
“All right,” Moses replied. “As soon as I leave the city, I will lift my hands and pray to the . Then the thunder and hail will stop, and you will know that the earth belongs to the .
But I know that you and your officials still do not fear the God.”
(All the flax and barley were ruined by the hail, because the barley had formed heads and the flax was budding.
But the wheat and the emmer wheat were spared, because they had not yet sprouted from the ground.)
So Moses left Pharaoh’s court and went out of the city. When he lifted his hands to the , the thunder and hail stopped, and the downpour ceased.
But when Pharaoh saw that the rain, hail, and thunder had stopped, he and his officials sinned again, and Pharaoh again became stubborn.
References for Exodus 9:34
Because his heart was hard, Pharaoh refused to let the people leave, just as the had predicted through Moses.