And at midnight the LORD killed all the firstborn sons in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn son of Pharaoh, who sat on the throne, to the firstborn son of the captive in the dungeon. Even the firstborn of their livestock were killed.
Pharaoh and his officials and all the people of Egypt woke up during the night, and loud wailing was heard throughout the land of Egypt. There was not a single house where someone had not died.
Pharaoh sent for Moses and Aaron during the night. "Leave us!" he cried. "Go away, all of you! Go and serve the LORD as you have requested.
Take your flocks and herds, and be gone. Go, but give me a blessing as you leave."
All the Egyptians urged the people of Israel to get out of the land as quickly as possible, for they thought, "We will all die!"
The Israelites took with them their bread dough made without yeast. They wrapped their kneading bowls in their spare clothing and carried them on their shoulders.
And the people of Israel did as Moses had instructed and asked the Egyptians for clothing and articles of silver and gold.
The LORD caused the Egyptians to look favorably on the Israelites, and they gave the Israelites whatever they asked for. So, like a victorious army, they plundered the Egyptians!
That night the people of Israel left Rameses and started for Succoth. There were about 600,000 men, plus all the women and children. And they were all traveling on foot.
Many people who were not Israelites went with them, along with the many flocks and herds.
Whenever they stopped to eat, they baked bread from the yeastless dough they had brought from Egypt. It was made without yeast because the people were rushed out of Egypt and had no time to wait for bread to rise.
The people of Israel had lived in Egypt for 430 years.
In fact, it was on the last day of the 430th year that all the LORD's forces left the land.
This night had been reserved by the LORD to bring his people out from the land of Egypt, so this same night now belongs to him. It must be celebrated every year, from generation to generation, to remember the LORD's deliverance.
Then the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "These are the regulations for the festival of Passover. No foreigners are allowed to eat the Passover lamb.
But any slave who has been purchased may eat it if he has been circumcised.
Hired servants and visiting foreigners may not eat it.
All who eat the lamb must eat it together in one house. You must not carry any of its meat outside, and you may not break any of its bones.
The whole community of Israel must celebrate this festival at the same time."
"If there are foreigners living among you who want to celebrate the LORD's Passover, let all the males be circumcised. Then they may come and celebrate the Passover with you. They will be treated just as if they had been born among you. But an uncircumcised male may never eat of the Passover lamb.
This law applies to everyone, whether a native-born Israelite or a foreigner who has settled among you."
So the people of Israel followed all the LORD's instructions to Moses and Aaron.
And that very day the LORD began to lead the people of Israel out of Egypt, division by division.