12 I, the Teacher, a when king over Israel in Jerusalem,
References for Ecclesiastes 1:12
    • d 1:12 - Heb [Qoheleth], traditionally rendered [Preacher]
      13 applied my mind to seek and to search out by wisdom all that is done under heaven; it is an unhappy business that God has given to human beings to be busy with.
      14 I saw all the deeds that are done under the sun; and see, all is vanity and a chasing after wind. b
      References for Ecclesiastes 1:14
        • e 1:14 - Or [a feeding on wind.] See Hos 12.1
          15 What is crooked cannot be made straight, and what is lacking cannot be counted.
          16 I said to myself, "I have acquired great wisdom, surpassing all who were over Jerusalem before me; and my mind has had great experience of wisdom and knowledge."
          17 And I applied my mind to know wisdom and to know madness and folly. I perceived that this also is but a chasing after wind. c
          References for Ecclesiastes 1:17
            • f 1:17 - Or [a feeding on wind.] See Hos 12.1
              18 For in much wisdom is much vexation, and those who increase knowledge increase sorrow.