The LORD said to Moses:
"Make two trumpets1 of hammered silver, and use them for calling the community2 together and for having the camps set out.33
When both are sounded, the whole community is to assemble before you at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting.
If only one is sounded, the leaders4--the heads of the clans of Israel--are to assemble before you.
When a trumpet blast is sounded, the tribes camping on the east are to set out.56
At the sounding of a second blast, the camps on the south are to set out.6 The blast will be the signal for setting out.
To gather the assembly, blow the trumpets,7 but not with the same signal.88
"The sons of Aaron, the priests, are to blow the trumpets. This is to be a lasting ordinance for you and the generations to come.99
When you go into battle in your own land against an enemy who is oppressing you,10 sound a blast on the trumpets.11 Then you will be remembered12 by the LORD your God and rescued from your enemies.1310
Also at your times of rejoicing--your appointed feasts and New Moon festivals14--you are to sound the trumpets15 over your burnt offerings16 and fellowship offerings,a17 and they will be a memorial for you before your God. I am the LORD your God.18"
On the twentieth day of the second month of the second year,19 the cloud lifted20 from above the tabernacle of the Testimony.2112
Then the Israelites set out from the Desert of Sinai and traveled from place to place until the cloud came to rest in the Desert of Paran.2213
They set out, this first time, at the LORD's command through Moses.2314
The divisions of the camp of Judah went first, under their standard.24 Nahshon son of Amminadab25 was in command.
Nethanel son of Zuar was over the division of the tribe26 of Issachar,2716
and Eliab son of Helon28 was over the division of the tribe of Zebulun.2917
Then the tabernacle was taken down, and the Gershonites and Merarites, who carried it, set out.3018
The divisions of the camp of Reuben31 went next, under their standard.32 Elizur son of Shedeur33 was in command.
Shelumiel son of Zurishaddai was over the division of the tribe of Simeon,3420
and Eliasaph son of Deuel was over the division of the tribe of Gad.3521
Then the Kohathites36 set out, carrying the holy things.37 The tabernacle was to be set up before they arrived.3822
The divisions of the camp of Ephraim39 went next, under their standard. Elishama son of Ammihud40 was in command.
Gamaliel son of Pedahzur was over the division of the tribe of Manasseh,4124
and Abidan son of Gideoni was over the division of the tribe of Benjamin.4225
Finally, as the rear guard43 for all the units, the divisions of the camp of Dan set out, under their standard. Ahiezer son of Ammishaddai44 was in command.
Pagiel son of Ocran was over the division of the tribe of Asher,4527
and Ahira son of Enan was over the division of the tribe of Naphtali.4628
This was the order of march for the Israelite divisions as they set out.
Now Moses said to Hobab47 son of Reuel48 the Midianite, Moses' father-in-law,49 "We are setting out for the place about which the LORD said, 'I will give it to you.'50 Come with us and we will treat you well, for the LORD has promised good things to Israel."
He answered, "No, I will not go;51 I am going back to my own land and my own people.52"
But Moses said, "Please do not leave us. You know where we should camp in the desert, and you can be our eyes.5332
If you come with us, we will share with you54 whatever good things the LORD gives us.55"
So they set out56 from the mountain of the LORD and traveled for three days. The ark of the covenant of the LORD 57 went before them during those three days to find them a place to rest.5834
The cloud of the LORD was over them by day when they set out from the camp.5935
Whenever the ark set out, Moses said, "Rise up,60 O LORD! May your enemies be scattered;61 may your foes flee before you.62"6336
Whenever it came to rest, he said, "Return,64 O LORD, to the countless thousands of Israel.65"