Compare Translations for Numbers 30:13

Numbers 30:13 ASV
Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.
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Numbers 30:13 BBE
Every oath, and every undertaking which she gives, to keep herself from pleasure, may be supported or broken by her husband.
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Numbers 30:13 CEB
Her husband may allow any solemn promise or any binding pledge of self-denial to stand or be broken.
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Numbers 30:13 CJB
Her husband may let every vow and every binding obligation stand, or he may void it.
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Numbers 30:13 RHE
(30-14) If she vow and bind herself by oath, to afflict her soul by fasting, or abstinence from other things, it shall depend on the will of her husband, whether she shall do it, or not do it.
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Numbers 30:13 ESV
Any vow and any binding oath to afflict herself, her husband may establish, or her husband may make void.
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Numbers 30:13 GW
"A husband decides whether or not his wife has to keep any vow to do something or any oath to do without something.
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Numbers 30:13 GNT
Her husband has the right to affirm or to annul any vow or promise that she has made.
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Numbers 30:13 HNV
Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.
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Numbers 30:13 CSB
Her husband may confirm or cancel any vow or any sworn obligation to deny herself.
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Numbers 30:13 KJV
Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void .
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Numbers 30:13 LEB
"Any vow and any sworn oath of a pledge to inflict on herself, her husband can confirm it or her husband can nullify it.
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Numbers 30:13 NAS
"Every vow and every binding oath to humble herself, her husband may confirm it or her husband may annul it.
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Numbers 30:13 NCV
A woman's husband may make her keep or cancel any promise or pledge she has made.
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Numbers 30:13 NIRV
"Her husband can let her keep any special promise she makes. Or he can refuse to let her keep it. "Suppose she takes an oath and agrees not to eat anything. Then her husband can let her keep her promise. Or he can refuse to let her keep it.
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Numbers 30:13 NIV
Her husband may confirm or nullify any vow she makes or any sworn pledge to deny herself.
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Numbers 30:13 NKJV
Every vow and every binding oath to afflict her soul, her husband may confirm it, or her husband may make it void.
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Numbers 30:13 NLT
So her husband may either confirm or nullify any vows or pledges she makes to deny herself.
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Numbers 30:13 NRS
Any vow or any binding oath to deny herself, her husband may allow to stand, or her husband may nullify.
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Numbers 30:13 RSV
Any vow and any binding oath to afflict herself, her husband may establish, or her husband may make void.
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Numbers 30:13 DBY
Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband can establish it, or her husband can annul it.
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Numbers 30:13 MSG
Any vow and pledge that she makes that may be to her detriment can be either affirmed or annulled by her husband.
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Numbers 30:13 WBT
Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.
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Numbers 30:13 TMB
Every vow and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.
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Numbers 30:13 TNIV
Her husband may confirm or nullify any vow she makes or any sworn pledge to deny herself.
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Numbers 30:13 TYN
All vowes and othes that binde to humble the soule maye her husbande stablish or breake.
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Numbers 30:13 WEB
Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.
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Numbers 30:13 WYC
If she avoweth, and bindeth herself by an oath, that she torment her soul by fasting, either by abstinence of other things, it shall be in the doom of her husband, that she do that, either do it not. (If she voweth, or bindeth herself with an oath, that she torment her soul with fasting, or by abstaining from other things, it shall be her husband who shall decide whether she must do it, or not.)
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Numbers 30:13 YLT
`Every vow and every oath -- a bond to humble a soul -- her husband doth establish it, or her husband doth break it;
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Numbers 30 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 30

Vows to be kept. (1,2) The cases wherein vows might be released. (3-16)

Verses 1-2 No man can be bound by his own promise to do what he is already, by the Divine precept, forbidden to do. In other matters the command is, that he shall not break his words, through he may change his mind.

Verses 3-16 Two cases of vows are determined. The case of a daughter in her father's house. When her vow comes to his knowledge, it is in his power either to confirm it or do it away. The law is plain in the case of a wife. If her husband allows her vow, though only by silence, it stands. If he disallows it, her obligation to her husband takes place of it; for to him she ought to be in subjection, as unto the Lord. The Divine law consults the good order of families. It is fit that every man should bear rule in his own house, and have his wife and children in subjection; rather than that this great rule should be broken, or any encouragement be given to inferior relations to break those bonds asunder, God releases the obligation even of a solemn vow. So much does religion secure the welfare of all societies; and in it the families of the earth have a blessing.

Numbers 30 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 30

Numbers 30:1-16 . VOWS ARE NOT TO BE BROKEN.

1. This is the thing which the Lord hath commanded--The subject of this chapter relates to vowing, which seems to have been an ancient usage, allowed by the law to remain, and by which some people declared their intention of offering some gift on the altar or abstaining from particular articles of meat or drink, of observing a private fast, or doing something to the honor or in the service of God, over and above what was authoritatively required. In Numbers 29:39 , mention was made of "vows and freewill offerings," and it is probable, from the explanatory nature of the rules laid down in this chapter, that these were given for the removal of doubts and difficulties which conscientious persons had felt about their obligation to perform their vows in certain circumstances that had arisen.

2. If a man vow a vow unto the Lord--A mere secret purpose of the mind was not enough to constitute a vow; it had to be actually expressed in words; and though a purely voluntary act, yet when once the vow was made, the performance of it, like that of every other promise, became an indispensable duty--all the more because, referring to a sacred thing, it could not be neglected without the guilt of prevarication and unfaithfulness to God.
he shall not break his word--literally, "profane his word"--render it vain and contemptible ( Psalms 55:20 , 89:34 ). But as it would frequently happen that parties would vow to do things which were neither good in themselves nor in their power to perform, the law ordained that their natural superiors should have the right of judging as to the propriety of those vows, with discretionary power to sanction or interdict their fulfilment. Parents were to determine in the case of their children, and husbands in that of their wives--being, however, allowed only a day for deliberation after the matter became known to them; and their judgment, if unfavorable, released the devotee from all obligation [ Numbers 30:3-8 ].

3. If a woman also vow a vow unto the Lord, and bind herself by a bond, being in her father's house in her youth--Girls only are specified; but minors of the other sex, who resided under the parental roof, were included, according to Jewish writers, who also consider the name "father" as comprehending all guardians of youth. We are also told that the age at which young people were deemed capable of vowing was thirteen for boys and twelve for girls. The judgment of a father or guardian on the vow of any under his charge might be given either by an expressed approval or by silence, which was to be construed as approval. But in the case of a husband who, after silence from day to day, should ultimately disapprove or hinder his wife's vow, the sin of non-performance was to be imputed to him and not to her [ Numbers 30:15 ].

9. every vow of a widow--In the case of a married woman, who, in the event of a separation from her husband, or of his death, returned, as was not uncommon, to her father's house, a doubt might have been entertained whether she was not, as before, subject to paternal jurisdiction and obliged to act with the paternal consent. The law ordained that the vow was binding if it had been made in her husband's lifetime, and he, on being made aware of it, had not interposed his veto [ Numbers 30:10 Numbers 30:11 ]; as, for instance, she might have vowed, when not a widow, that she would assign a portion of her income to pious and charitable uses, of which she might repent when actually a widow; but by this statute she was required to fulfil the obligation, provided her circumstances enabled her to redeem the pledge. The rules laid down must have been exceedingly useful for the prevention or cancelling of rash vows, as well as for giving a proper sanction to such as were legitimate in their nature, and made in a devout, reflecting spirit.