He also tore down the quarters of the male shrine prostitutes,1 which were in the temple of the LORD and where women did weaving for Asherah.
Josiah brought all the priests from the towns of Judah and desecrated the high places, from Geba2 to Beersheba, where the priests had burned incense. He broke down the shrinesa at the gates--at the entrance to the Gate of Joshua, the city governor, which is on the left of the city gate.
Although the priests of the high places did not serve3 at the altar of the LORD in Jerusalem, they ate unleavened bread with their fellow priests.
He desecrated Topheth,4 which was in the Valley of Ben Hinnom,5 so no one could use it to sacrifice his son6 or daughter inb the fire to Molech.
He removed from the entrance to the temple of the LORD the horses that the kings of Judah7 had dedicated to the sun. They were in the court near the room of an official named Nathan-Melech. Josiah then burned the chariots dedicated to the sun.812
He pulled down9 the altars the kings of Judah had erected on the roof10 near the upper room of Ahaz, and the altars Manasseh had built in the two courts11 of the temple of the LORD. He removed them from there, smashed them to pieces and threw the rubble into the Kidron Valley.1213
The king also desecrated the high places that were east of Jerusalem on the south of the Hill of Corruption--the ones Solomon13 king of Israel had built for Ashtoreth the vile goddess of the Sidonians, for Chemosh the vile god of Moab, and for Molechc the detestable14 god of the people of Ammon.1514
Josiah smashed16 the sacred stones and cut down the Asherah poles and covered the sites with human bones.
Even the altar17 at Bethel, the high place made by Jeroboam18 son of Nebat, who had caused Israel to sin--even that altar and high place he demolished. He burned the high place and ground it to powder, and burned the Asherah pole also.
Then Josiah19 looked around, and when he saw the tombs that were there on the hillside, he had the bones removed from them and burned on the altar to defile it, in accordance20 with the word of the LORD proclaimed by the man of God who foretold these things.
The king asked, "What is that tombstone I see?" The men of the city said, "It marks the tomb of the man of God who came from Judah and pronounced against the altar of Bethel the very things you have done to it."
"Leave it alone," he said. "Don't let anyone disturb his bones21." So they spared his bones and those of the prophet22 who had come from Samaria.
Just as he had done at Bethel, Josiah removed and defiled all the shrines at the high places that the kings of Israel had built in the towns of Samaria that had provoked the LORD to anger
Josiah slaughtered23 all the priests of those high places on the altars and burned human bones24 on them. Then he went back to Jerusalem.
The king gave this order to all the people: "Celebrate the Passover25 to the LORD your God, as it is written in this Book of the Covenant."
Not since the days of the judges who led Israel, nor throughout the days of the kings of Israel and the kings of Judah, had any such Passover been observed.
But in the eighteenth year of King Josiah, this Passover was celebrated to the LORD in Jerusalem.2624
Furthermore, Josiah got rid of the mediums and spiritists,27 the household gods,28 the idols and all the other detestable29 things seen in Judah and Jerusalem. This he did to fulfill the requirements of the law written in the book that Hilkiah the priest had discovered in the temple of the LORD.
Neither before nor after Josiah was there a king like him who turned30 to the LORD as he did--with all his heart and with all his soul and with all his strength, in accordance with all the Law of Moses.3126
Nevertheless, the LORD did not turn away from the heat of his fierce anger,32 which burned against Judah because of all that Manasseh33 had done to provoke him to anger.
So the LORD said, "I will remove34 Judah also from my presence35 as I removed Israel, and I will reject36 Jerusalem, the city I chose, and this temple, about which I said, 'There shall my Name be.'d "
As for the other events of Josiah's reign, and all he did, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Judah?
While Josiah was king, Pharaoh Neco37 king of Egypt went up to the Euphrates River to help the king of Assyria. King Josiah marched out to meet him in battle, but Neco faced him and killed him at Megiddo.3830
Josiah's servants brought his body in a chariot39 from Megiddo to Jerusalem and buried him in his own tomb. And the people of the land took Jehoahaz son of Josiah and anointed him and made him king in place of his father.
Jehoahaz40 was twenty-three years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months. His mother's name was Hamutal41 daughter of Jeremiah; she was from Libnah.
He did evil42 in the eyes of the LORD, just as his fathers had done.
Pharaoh Neco put him in chains at Riblah43 in the land of Hamathe44 so that he might not reign in Jerusalem, and he imposed on Judah a levy of a hundred talentsf of silver and a talentg of gold.
Pharaoh Neco made Eliakim45 son of Josiah king in place of his father Josiah and changed Eliakim's name to Jehoiakim. But he took Jehoahaz and carried him off to Egypt, and there he died.4635
Jehoiakim paid Pharaoh Neco the silver and gold he demanded. In order to do so, he taxed the land and exacted the silver and gold from the people of the land according to their assessments.47