1 Kings 7:13-50 NIV

The Temple's Furnishings

7:23-26pp -- 2Ch 4:2-5 7:38-51pp -- 2Ch 4:6,10-5:1

13 King Solomon sent to Tyre and brought Huram,a1

References for 1 Kings 7:13

    • g 7:13 - Hebrew "Hiram," a variant of "Huram"; also in verses 40 and 45
      14 whose mother was a widow from the tribe of Naphtali and whose father was a man of Tyre and a craftsman in bronze. Huram was highly skilled2 and experienced in all kinds of bronze work. He came to King Solomon and did all3 the work assigned to him.

      References for 1 Kings 7:14

      15 He cast two bronze pillars,4 each eighteen cubits high and twelve cubits around,b by line.

      References for 1 Kings 7:15

        • h 7:15 - That is, about 27 feet (about 8.1 meters) high and 18 feet (about 5.4 meters) around
          16 He also made two capitals5 of cast bronze to set on the tops of the pillars; each capital was five cubitsc high.

          References for 1 Kings 7:16

            • i 7:16 - That is, about 7 1/2 feet (about 2.3 meters); also in verse 23
              17 A network of interwoven chains festooned the capitals on top of the pillars, seven for each capital.
              18 He made pomegranates in two rowsd encircling each network to decorate the capitals on top of the pillars.e He did the same for each capital.

              References for 1 Kings 7:18

                • j 7:18 - Two Hebrew manuscripts and Septuagint; most Hebrew manuscripts "made the pillars, and there were two rows"
                • k 7:18 - Many Hebrew manuscripts and Syriac; most Hebrew manuscripts "pomegranates"
                  19 The capitals on top of the pillars in the portico were in the shape of lilies, four cubitsf high.

                  References for 1 Kings 7:19

                    • l 7:19 - That is, about 6 feet (about 1.8 meters); also in verse 38
                      20 On the capitals of both pillars, above the bowl-shaped part next to the network, were the two hundred pomegranates6 in rows all around.

                      References for 1 Kings 7:20

                      21 He erected the pillars at the portico of the temple. The pillar to the south he named Jaking and the one to the north Boaz.h7

                      References for 1 Kings 7:21

                        • m 7:21 - "Jakin" probably means "he establishes."
                        • n 7:21 - "Boaz" probably means "in him is strength."
                          22 The capitals on top were in the shape of lilies. And so the work on the pillars8 was completed.

                          References for 1 Kings 7:22

                          23 He made the Sea9 of cast metal, circular in shape, measuring ten cubitsi from rim to rim and five cubits high. It took a line10 of thirty cubitsj to measure around it.

                          References for 1 Kings 7:23

                            • o 7:23 - That is, about 15 feet (about 4.5 meters)
                            • p 7:23 - That is, about 45 feet (about 13.5 meters)
                              24 Below the rim, gourds encircled it--ten to a cubit. The gourds were cast in two rows in one piece with the Sea.
                              25 The Sea stood on twelve bulls,11 three facing north, three facing west, three facing south and three facing east. The Sea rested on top of them, and their hindquarters were toward the center.

                              References for 1 Kings 7:25

                              26 It was a handbreadthk in thickness, and its rim was like the rim of a cup, like a lily blossom. It held two thousand baths.l

                              References for 1 Kings 7:26

                                • q 7:26 - That is, about 3 inches (about 8 centimeters)
                                • r 7:26 - That is, probably about 11,500 gallons (about 44 kiloliters); the Septuagint does not have this sentence.
                                  27 He also made ten movable stands12 of bronze; each was four cubits long, four wide and three high.m

                                  References for 1 Kings 7:27

                                    • s 7:27 - That is, about 6 feet (about 1.8 meters) long and wide and about 4 1/2 feet (about 1.3 meters) high
                                      28 This is how the stands were made: They had side panels attached to uprights.
                                      29 On the panels between the uprights were lions, bulls and cherubim--and on the uprights as well. Above and below the lions and bulls were wreaths of hammered work.
                                      30 Each stand13 had four bronze wheels with bronze axles, and each had a basin resting on four supports, cast with wreaths on each side.

                                      References for 1 Kings 7:30

                                      31 On the inside of the stand there was an opening that had a circular frame one cubitn deep. This opening was round, and with its basework it measured a cubit and a half.o Around its opening there was engraving. The panels of the stands were square, not round.

                                      References for 1 Kings 7:31

                                        • t 7:31 - That is, about 1 1/2 feet (about 0.5 meter)
                                        • u 7:31 - That is, about 2 1/4 feet (about 0.7 meter); also in verse 32
                                          32 The four wheels were under the panels, and the axles of the wheels were attached to the stand. The diameter of each wheel was a cubit and a half.
                                          33 The wheels were made like chariot wheels; the axles, rims, spokes and hubs were all of cast metal.
                                          34 Each stand had four handles, one on each corner, projecting from the stand.
                                          35 At the top of the stand there was a circular band half a cubitp deep. The supports and panels were attached to the top of the stand.

                                          References for 1 Kings 7:35

                                            • v 7:35 - That is, about 3/4 foot (about 0.2 meter)
                                              36 He engraved cherubim, lions and palm trees on the surfaces of the supports and on the panels, in every available space, with wreaths all around.
                                              37 This is the way he made the ten stands. They were all cast in the same molds and were identical in size and shape.
                                              38 He then made ten bronze basins,14 each holding forty bathsq and measuring four cubits across, one basin to go on each of the ten stands.

                                              References for 1 Kings 7:38

                                                • w 7:38 - That is, about 230 gallons (about 880 liters)
                                                  39 He placed five of the stands on the south side of the temple and five on the north. He placed the Sea on the south side, at the southeast corner of the temple.
                                                  40 He also made the basins and shovels and sprinkling bowls.15 So Huram finished all the work he had undertaken for King Solomon in the temple of the LORD:

                                                  References for 1 Kings 7:40

                                                  41 the two pillars; the two bowl-shaped capitals on top of the pillars; the two sets of network decorating the two bowl-shaped capitals on top of the pillars;
                                                  42 the four hundred pomegranates for the two sets of network (two rows of pomegranates for each network, decorating the bowl-shaped capitals16 on top of the pillars);

                                                  References for 1 Kings 7:42

                                                    • 23 7:42 - S ver 16; ver 20
                                                      43 the ten stands with their ten basins;
                                                      44 the Sea and the twelve bulls under it;
                                                      45 the pots, shovels and sprinkling bowls.17 All these objects that Huram18 made for King Solomon for the temple of the LORD were of burnished bronze.

                                                      References for 1 Kings 7:45

                                                          46 The king had them cast in clay molds in the plain19 of the Jordan between Succoth20 and Zarethan.21

                                                          References for 1 Kings 7:46

                                                          47 Solomon left all these things unweighed,22 because there were so many;23 the weight of the bronze24 was not determined.

                                                          References for 1 Kings 7:47

                                                          48 Solomon also made all25 the furnishings that were in the LORD's temple: the golden altar; the golden table26 on which was the bread of the Presence;27

                                                          References for 1 Kings 7:48

                                                          49 the lampstands28 of pure gold (five on the right and five on the left, in front of the inner sanctuary); the gold floral work and lamps and tongs;

                                                          References for 1 Kings 7:49

                                                          50 the pure gold basins, wick trimmers, sprinkling bowls, dishes29 and censers;30 and the gold sockets for the doors of the innermost room, the Most Holy Place, and also for the doors of the main hall of the temple.

                                                          References for 1 Kings 7:50