These are the names of the sons of Israel1 who went to Egypt with Jacob, each with his family:
References for Exodus 1:1
Reuben, Simeon, Levi and Judah;
Issachar, Zebulun and Benjamin;
Dan and Naphtali; Gad and Asher.2
References for Exodus 1:4
The descendants of Jacob numbered seventy in all;3 Joseph was already in Egypt.
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Now Joseph and all his brothers and all that generation died,4
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but the Israelites were fruitful and multiplied greatly and became exceedingly numerous,5 so that the land was filled with them.
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Then a new king, who did not know about Joseph, came to power in Egypt.6
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"Look," he said to his people, "the Israelites have become much too numerous7 for us.8
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Come, we must deal shrewdly9 with them or they will become even more numerous and, if war breaks out, will join our enemies, fight against us and leave the country."10
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So they put slave masters11 over them to oppress them with forced labor,12 and they built Pithom and Rameses13 as store cities14 for Pharaoh.
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But the more they were oppressed, the more they multiplied and spread; so the Egyptians came to dread the Israelites
and worked them ruthlessly.15
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They made their lives bitter with hard labor16 in brick17 and mortar and with all kinds of work in the fields; in all their hard labor the Egyptians used them ruthlessly.18
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The king of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives,19 whose names were Shiphrah and Puah,
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"When you help the Hebrew women in childbirth and observe them on the delivery stool, if it is a boy, kill him; but if it is a girl, let her live."20
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The midwives, however, feared21 God and did not do what the king of Egypt had told them to do;22 they let the boys live.
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Then the king of Egypt summoned the midwives and asked them, "Why have you done this? Why have you let the boys live?"