Matthew 21:23-46 NIV

The Authority of Jesus Questioned

21:23-27pp -- Mk 11:27-33; Lk 20:1-8

23 Jesus entered the temple courts, and, while he was teaching, the chief priests and the elders of the people came to him. "By what authority1 are you doing these things?" they asked. "And who gave you this authority?"

References for Matthew 21:23

24 Jesus replied, "I will also ask you one question. If you answer me, I will tell you by what authority I am doing these things.
25 John's baptism--where did it come from? Was it from heaven, or from men?" They discussed it among themselves and said, "If we say, 'From heaven,' he will ask, 'Then why didn't you believe him?'
26 But if we say, 'From men'--we are afraid of the people, for they all hold that John was a prophet."2

References for Matthew 21:26

27 So they answered Jesus, "We don't know." Then he said, "Neither will I tell you by what authority I am doing these things.

The Parable of the Two Sons

28 "What do you think? There was a man who had two sons. He went to the first and said, 'Son, go and work today in the vineyard.'3

References for Matthew 21:28

29 " 'I will not,' he answered, but later he changed his mind and went.
30 "Then the father went to the other son and said the same thing. He answered, 'I will, sir,' but he did not go.
31 "Which of the two did what his father wanted?" "The first," they answered. Jesus said to them, "I tell you the truth, the tax collectors4 and the prostitutes5 are entering the kingdom of God ahead of you.

References for Matthew 21:31

32 For John came to you to show you the way of righteousness,6 and you did not believe him, but the tax collectors7 and the prostitutes8 did. And even after you saw this, you did not repent9 and believe him.

References for Matthew 21:32

The Parable of the Tenants

21:33-46pp -- Mk 12:1-12; Lk 20:9-19

33 "Listen to another parable: There was a landowner who planted10 a vineyard. He put a wall around it, dug a winepress in it and built a watchtower.11 Then he rented the vineyard to some farmers and went away on a journey.12

References for Matthew 21:33

34 When the harvest time approached, he sent his servants13 to the tenants to collect his fruit.

References for Matthew 21:34

35 "The tenants seized his servants; they beat one, killed another, and stoned a third.14

References for Matthew 21:35

36 Then he sent other servants15 to them, more than the first time, and the tenants treated them the same way.

References for Matthew 21:36

37 Last of all, he sent his son to them. 'They will respect my son,' he said.
38 "But when the tenants saw the son, they said to each other, 'This is the heir.16 Come, let's kill him17 and take his inheritance.'18

References for Matthew 21:38

39 So they took him and threw him out of the vineyard and killed him.
40 "Therefore, when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those tenants?"
41 "He will bring those wretches to a wretched end,"19 they replied, "and he will rent the vineyard to other tenants,20 who will give him his share of the crop at harvest time."

References for Matthew 21:41

42 Jesus said to them, "Have you never read in the Scriptures: " 'The stone the builders rejected has become the capstonea; the Lord has done this, and it is marvelous in our eyes'b ?21

References for Matthew 21:42

    • h 21:42 - Or "cornerstone"
    • i 21:42 - Psalm 118:22,23
      43 "Therefore I tell you that the kingdom of God will be taken away from you22 and given to a people who will produce its fruit.

      References for Matthew 21:43

      44 He who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, but he on whom it falls will be crushed."c23

      References for Matthew 21:44

        • j 21:44 - Some manuscripts do not have verse 44.
          45 When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard Jesus' parables, they knew he was talking about them.
          46 They looked for a way to arrest him, but they were afraid of the crowd because the people held that he was a prophet.24

          References for Matthew 21:46