David complains of the malice of his enemies. (1-3) Assurance of the Divine favour and protection. (4-7)
Verses 1-3 God is faithful, though men are not to be trusted, and it is well for us it is so. David has no other plea to depend upon than God's name, no other power to depend upon than God's strength, and these he makes his refuge and confidence. This would be the effectual answer to his prayers. Looking unto David, betrayed by the men of Judah, and to Jesus, betrayed by one of his apostles, what can we expect from any who have not set God before them, save ingratitude, treachery, malice, and cruelty? What bonds of nature, or friendship, or gratitude, or covenant, will hold those that have broken through the fear of God? Selah; Mark this. Let us set God before us at all times; for if we do not, we are in danger of despair.
Verses 4-7 Behold, God is mine Helper. If we are for him, he is for us; and if he is for us, we need not fear. Every creature is that to us, and no more, which God makes it to be. The Lord will in due time save his people, and in the mean time he sustains them, and bears them up, so that the spirit he has made shall not fail. There is truth in God's threatenings, as well as in his promises; sinners that repent not, will find it so to their cost. David's present deliverance was an earnest of further deliverance. He speaks of the completion of his deliverance as a thing done, though he had as yet many troubles before him; because, having God's promise for it, he was as sure of it as if it was done already. The Lord would deliver him out of all his troubles. May he help us to bear our cross without repining, and at length bring us to share his victories and glory. Christians never should suffer the voice of praise and thanksgiving to cease in the church of the redeemed.
Psalms 54:1-7 . 1 Samuel 23:19 1 Samuel 23:29 , 26:1-25 . After an earnest cry for help, the Psalmist promises praise in the assurance of a hearing.
1. by thy name--( Psalms 5:11 ), specially, power.
judge me--as in Psalms 7:8 , 26:1 .
2. (Compare Psalms 4:1 , 5:1 ).
3. strangers--perhaps Ziphites.
oppressors--literally, "terrible ones" ( Isaiah 13:11 , 25:3 ). Such were Saul and his army.
not set . . . them--acted as atheists, without God's fear (compare Psalms 16:8 ).
4. (Compare Psalms 30:10 ).
with them--on their side, and for me (compare Psalms 46:11 ).
5. He shall . . . evil--or, "Evil shall return on" ( Psalms 7:16 ) my enemies or watchers, that is, to do me evil ( Psalms 6:7 ).
in thy truth--Thy verified promise.
6. I will freely, &c.--or, present a freewill offering ( Leviticus 7:16 , Numbers 15:3 ).
7. mine eye . . . desire--(compare Psalms 59:10 , 112:8 ), expresses satisfaction in beholding the overthrow of his enemies as those of God, without implying any selfish or unholy feeling (compare Psalms 52:6 Psalms 52:7 ).