Prayer for deliverance. (1-6) The destruction of the wicked, encouragement to the righteous. (7-10)
Verses 1-6 The psalmist earnestly begs of God to preserve him from disquieting fear. The tongue is a little member, but it boasts great things. The upright man is the mark at which the wicked aim, they cannot speak peaceably either of him or to him. There is no guard against a false tongue. It is bad to do wrong, but worse to encourage ourselves and one another in it. It is a sign that the heart is hardened to the greatest degree, when it is thus fully set to do evil. A practical disbelief of God's knowledge of all things, is at the bottom of every wickedness. The benefit of a good cause and a good conscience, appears most when nothing can help a man against his enemies, save God alone, who is always a present help.
Verses 7-10 When God brings upon men the mischiefs they have desired on others, it is weight enough to sink a man to the lowest hell. Those who love cursing, it shall come upon them. Those who behold this shall understand, and observe God's hand in all; unless we do so, we are not likely to profit by the dispensations of Providence. The righteous shall be glad in the Lord; not glad of the misery and ruin of their fellow-creatures, but glad that God is glorified, and his word fulfilled, and the cause of injured innocence pleaded effectually. They rejoice not in men, nor in themselves, nor in any creature, or creature enjoyments, nor in their wisdom, strength, riches, or righteousness; but in Christ, in whom all the seed of Israel are justified and glory, and in what he is to them, and has done for them.
Psalms 64:1-10 . A prayer for deliverance from cunning and malicious enemies, with a confident view of their overthrow, which will honor God and give joy to the righteous.
1. preserve . . . fear--as well as the danger producing it.
2. insurrection--literally, "uproar," noisy assaults, as well as their secret counsels.
3, 4. Similar figures for slander ( Psalms 57:4 , 59:7 ).
bend--literally, "tread," or, "prepared." The allusion is to the mode of bending a bow by treading on it; here, and in Psalms 58:7 , transferred to arrows.
4. the perfect--one innocent of the charges made ( Psalms 18:23 ).
fear not--( Psalms 55:19 ), not regarding God.
5. A sentiment here more fully presented, by depicting their deliberate malice.
6. This is further evinced by their diligent efforts and deeply laid schemes.
7. The contrast is heightened by representing God as using weapons like theirs.
8. their . . . tongue to fall, &c.--that is, the consequences of their slanders, &c. (compare Psalms 10:2 , 31:16 ).
all that see . . . away--Their partners in evil shall be terrified.
9, 10. Men, generally, will acknowledge God's work, and the righteous, rejoicing in it, shall be encouraged to trust Him ( Psalms 58:10 ).