Is this blessedness only for the circumcised, or also for the uncircumcised?1 We have been saying that Abraham's faith was credited to him as righteousness.210
Under what circumstances was it credited? Was it after he was circumcised, or before? It was not after, but before!
And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness that he had by faith while he was still uncircumcised.3 So then, he is the father4 of all who believe5 but have not been circumcised, in order that righteousness might be credited to them.
And he is also the father of the circumcised who not only are circumcised but who also walk in the footsteps of the faith that our father Abraham had before he was circumcised.