Now Judas had heard of the fame of the Romans, that they were mighty and valiant men, and such as would lovingly accept all who joined themselves unto them and make a league of amity with all who came unto them,
and that they were men of great valor. It was told him also of their wars and noble acts which they had done amongst the Galatians, and how they had conquered them and brought them under tribute,
and what they had done in the country of Spain for the winning of the mines of the silver and gold which are there;
and that, by their policy and patience, they had conquered all that place (though it were very far from them), and the kings also who came against them from the uttermost part of the earth, till they had discomfited them and given them a great overthrow, so that the rest gave them tribute every year;
besides this, how they had discomfited in battle Philip, and Perseus king of the Macedonians, with others who lifted up themselves against them, and had overcome them;
how also Antiochus the great king of Asia, who came against them in battle, having a hundred and twenty elephants, with horsemen and chariots and a very great army, was discomfited by them;
and how they took him alive, and covenanted that he and such as reigned after him should pay a great tribute, and give hostages and that which was agreed upon,
and the country of India, and Media and Lydia and of the goodliest countries, which they took from him and gave to king Eumenes;
moreover, how the Grecians had determined to come and destroy them,
and that they, having knowledge thereof, sent against them a certain captain and, fighting with them, slew many of them and carried away captive their wives and their children, and despoiled them and took possession of their lands, and pulled down their strongholds, and brought them to be their servants unto this day
It was told him besides how they destroyed and brought under their dominion all other kingdoms and isles that at any time resisted them,
but with their friends and such as relied upon them they kept amity; and that they had conquered kingdoms both far and nigh, insomuch that all who heard of their name were afraid of them;
also that whom they would help to a kingdom, those reign; and whom again they would, they depose; finally, that they were greatly exalted;
yet for all this, none of them wore a crown or was clothed in purple to be magnified thereby;
moreover how they had made for themselves a senate house wherein three hundred and twenty men sat in council daily, consulting always for the people, to the end that they might be well ordered;
and that they committed their government to one man every year, who ruled over all their country, and that all were obedient to that one, and that there was neither envy nor emulation among them.
In consideration of these things, Judas chose Eupolemus the son of John, the son of Accos, and Jason the son of Eleazar, and sent them to Rome to make a league of amity and confederacy with them,
and to entreat them that they would take the yoke from them; for they saw that the kingdom of the Grecians oppressed Israel with servitude.
They went therefore to Rome, which was a very great journey, and came into the senate where they spoke and said,
"Judas Maccabeus with his brethren, and the people of the Jews, have sent us unto you to make a confederacy and peace with you, and that we might be registered your confederates and friends."
So that matter pleased the Romans well.
And this is the copy of the epistle which the senate wrote back on tablets of brass and sent to Jerusalem, that there they might have by them a memorial of peace and confederacy:
"Good success be to the Romans and to the people of the Jews by sea and by land for ever. The sword also and enemy be far from them.
If there come first any war upon the Romans or any of their confederates throughout all their dominion,
the people of the Jews shall help them, as the time shall be appointed, with all their heart.
Neither shall they give any thing unto those who make war upon them, or aid them with victuals, weapons, money, or ships, as it hath seemed good unto the Romans; but they shall keep their covenant without taking anything therefor.
In the same manner also, if war come first upon the nation of the Jews, the Romans shall help them with all their heart, according as the time shall be appointed them.
Neither shall victuals be given to those who take part against them, or weapons, or money, or ships, as it hath seemed good to the Romans; but they shall keep their covenants, and that without deceit.
According to these articles the Romans make a covenant with the people of the Jews.
However, if hereafter the one party or the other shall think it meet to add or diminish any thing, they may do it at their pleasure, and whatsoever they shall add or take away shall be ratified.
"And concerning the evils that Demetrius doeth to the Jews, we have written unto him, saying, `Why hast thou made thy yoke heavy upon our friends and confederates, the Jews?
If therefore they complain any more against thee, we will do them justice and fight against thee by sea and by land.'"