1 Chronicles 11 TNIV

David Becomes King Over Israel

11:1-3pp -- 2Sa 5:1-3

1 All Israel1 came together to David at Hebron2 and said, "We are your own flesh and blood.

References for 1 Chronicles 11:1

2 In the past, even while Saul was king, you were the one who led Israel on their military campaigns.3 And the LORD your God said to you, 'You will shepherd4 my people Israel, and you will become their ruler.5' "

References for 1 Chronicles 11:2

3 When all the elders of Israel had come to King David at Hebron, he made a covenant with them at Hebron before the LORD, and they anointed6 David king over Israel, as the LORD had promised through Samuel.

References for 1 Chronicles 11:3

David Conquers Jerusalem

11:4-9pp -- 2Sa 5:6-10

4 David and all the Israelites marched to Jerusalem (that is, Jebus). The Jebusites7 who lived there

References for 1 Chronicles 11:4

5 said to David, "You will not get in here." Nevertheless, David captured the fortress of Zion--which is the City of David.
6 David had said, "Whoever leads the attack on the Jebusites will become commander-in-chief." Joab8 son of Zeruiah went up first, and so he received the command.

References for 1 Chronicles 11:6

7 David then took up residence in the fortress, and so it was called the City of David.
8 He built up the city around it, from the terracesa9 to the surrounding wall, while Joab restored the rest of the city.

References for 1 Chronicles 11:8

    • a 11:8 - Or "the Millo"
      9 And David became more and more powerful,10 because the LORD Almighty was with him.

      References for 1 Chronicles 11:9

      David's Mighty Warriors

      11:10-41pp -- 2Sa 23:8-39

      10 These were the chiefs of David's mighty warriors--they, together with all Israel,11 gave his kingship strong support to extend it over the whole land, as the LORD had promised12--

      References for 1 Chronicles 11:10

          11 this is the list of David's mighty warriors:13 Jashobeam,b a Hakmonite, was chief of the officersc; he raised his spear against three hundred men, whom he killed in one encounter.

          References for 1 Chronicles 11:11

            • b 11:11 - Possibly a variant of "Jashob-Baal"
            • c 11:11 - Or "Thirty"; some Septuagint manuscripts "Three" (see also 2 Samuel 23:8)
              12 Next to him was Eleazar son of Dodai the Ahohite, one of the three mighty warriors.
              13 He was with David at Pas Dammim when the Philistines gathered there for battle. At a place where there was a field full of barley, the troops fled from the Philistines.
              14 But they took their stand in the middle of the field. They defended it and struck the Philistines down, and the LORD brought about a great victory.14

              References for 1 Chronicles 11:14

              15 Three of the thirty chiefs came down to David to the rock at the cave of Adullam, while a band of Philistines was encamped in the Valley15 of Rephaim.

              References for 1 Chronicles 11:15

              16 At that time David was in the stronghold,16 and the Philistine garrison was at Bethlehem.

              References for 1 Chronicles 11:16

              17 David longed for water and said, "Oh, that someone would get me a drink of water from the well near the gate of Bethlehem!"
              18 So the Three broke through the Philistine lines, drew water from the well near the gate of Bethlehem and carried it back to David. But he refused to drink it; instead, he poured17 it out to the LORD.

              References for 1 Chronicles 11:18

              19 "God forbid that I should do this!" he said. "Should I drink the blood of these men who went at the risk of their lives?" Because they risked their lives to bring it back, David would not drink it. Such were the exploits of the three mighty warriors.
              20 Abishai18 the brother of Joab was chief of the Three. He raised his spear against three hundred men, whom he killed, and so he became as famous as the Three.

              References for 1 Chronicles 11:20

              21 He was doubly honored above the Three and became their commander, even though he was not included among them.
              22 Benaiah son of Jehoiada, a valiant fighter from Kabzeel,19 performed great exploits. He struck down Moab's two mightiest warriors. He also went down into a pit on a snowy day and killed a lion.20

              References for 1 Chronicles 11:22

              23 And he struck down an Egyptian who was five cubitsd tall. Although the Egyptian had a spear like a weaver's rod21 in his hand, Benaiah went against him with a club. He snatched the spear from the Egyptian's hand and killed him with his own spear.

              References for 1 Chronicles 11:23

                • d 11:23 - That is, about 7 feet or about 2.3 meters
                  24 Such were the exploits of Benaiah son of Jehoiada; he too was as famous as the three mighty warriors.
                  25 He was held in greater honor than any of the Thirty, but he was not included among the Three. And David put him in charge of his bodyguard.
                  26 The mighty warriors were: Asahel22 the brother of Joab, Elhanan son of Dodo from Bethlehem,

                  References for 1 Chronicles 11:26

                  27 Shammoth23 the Harorite, Helez the Pelonite,

                  References for 1 Chronicles 11:27

                  28 Ira son of Ikkesh from Tekoa, Abiezer24 from Anathoth,

                  References for 1 Chronicles 11:28

                  29 Sibbekai25 the Hushathite, Ilai the Ahohite,

                  References for 1 Chronicles 11:29

                  30 Maharai the Netophathite, Heled son of Baanah the Netophathite,
                  31 Ithai son of Ribai from Gibeah in Benjamin, Benaiah26 the Pirathonite,27

                  References for 1 Chronicles 11:31

                  32 Hurai from the ravines of Gaash, Abiel the Arbathite,
                  33 Azmaveth the Baharumite, Eliahba the Shaalbonite,
                  34 the sons of Hashem the Gizonite, Jonathan son of Shagee the Hararite,
                  35 Ahiam son of Sakar the Hararite, Eliphal son of Ur,
                  36 Hepher the Mekerathite, Ahijah the Pelonite,
                  37 Hezro the Carmelite, Naarai son of Ezbai,
                  38 Joel the brother of Nathan, Mibhar son of Hagri,
                  39 Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the Berothite, the armor-bearer of Joab son of Zeruiah,
                  40 Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite,
                  41 Uriah28 the Hittite, Zabad29 son of Ahlai,

                  References for 1 Chronicles 11:41

                  42 Adina son of Shiza the Reubenite, who was chief of the Reubenites, and the thirty with him,
                  43 Hanan son of Maakah, Joshaphat the Mithnite,
                  44 Uzzia the Ashterathite,30 Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite,

                  References for 1 Chronicles 11:44

                  45 Jediael son of Shimri, his brother Joha the Tizite,
                  46 Eliel the Mahavite, Jeribai and Joshaviah the sons of Elnaam, Ithmah the Moabite,
                  47 Eliel, Obed and Jaasiel the Mezobaite.