2 Kings 23 TNIV

Josiah Renews the Covenant

23:1-3pp -- 2Ch 34:29-32 23:4-20Ref -- 2Ch 34:3-7,33 23:21-23pp -- 2Ch 35:1,18-19 23:28-30pp -- 2Ch 35:20-36:1

1 Then the king called together all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem.

References for 2 Kings 23:1

      2 He went up to the temple of the LORD with the people of Judah, the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the priests and the prophets--all the people from the least to the greatest. He read1 in their hearing all the words of the Book of the Covenant,2 which had been found in the temple of the LORD.

      References for 2 Kings 23:2

      3 The king stood by the pillar3 and renewed the covenant4 in the presence of the LORD--to follow5 the LORD and keep his commands, statutes and decrees with all his heart and all his soul, thus confirming the words of the covenant written in this book. Then all the people pledged themselves to the covenant.

      References for 2 Kings 23:3

      4 The king ordered Hilkiah the high priest, the priests next in rank and the doorkeepers6 to remove7 from the temple of the LORD all the articles made for Baal and Asherah and all the starry hosts. He burned them outside Jerusalem in the fields of the Kidron Valley and took the ashes to Bethel

      References for 2 Kings 23:4

      5 He did away with the idolatrous priests appointed by the kings of Judah to burn incense on the high places of the towns of Judah and on those around Jerusalem--those who burned incense8 to Baal, to the sun and moon, to the constellations and to all the starry hosts.910

      References for 2 Kings 23:5

      6 He took the Asherah pole from the temple of the LORD to the Kidron Valley11 outside Jerusalem and burned it there. He ground it to powder12 and scattered the dust over the graves13 of the common people.14

      References for 2 Kings 23:6

      7 He also tore down the quarters of the male shrine prostitutes15 that were in the temple of the LORD, the quarters where women did weaving for Asherah.

      References for 2 Kings 23:7

      8 Josiah brought all the priests from the towns of Judah and desecrated the high places, from Geba16 to Beersheba, where the priests had burned incense. He broke down the gateway at the entrance of the Gate of Joshua, the city governor, which was on the left of the city gate.

      References for 2 Kings 23:8

      9 Although the priests of the high places did not serve17 at the altar of the LORD in Jerusalem, they ate unleavened bread with their fellow priests.

      References for 2 Kings 23:9

      10 He desecrated Topheth,18 which was in the Valley of Ben Hinnom,19 so no one could use it to sacrifice their son20 or daughter in the fire to Molek.

      References for 2 Kings 23:10

      11 He removed from the entrance to the temple of the LORD the horses that the kings of Judah21 had dedicated to the sun. They were in the courta near the room of an official named Nathan-Melek. Josiah then burned the chariots dedicated to the sun.22

      References for 2 Kings 23:11

        • a 23:11 - The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.
          12 He pulled down23 the altars the kings of Judah had erected on the roof24 near the upper room of Ahaz, and the altars Manasseh had built in the two courts25 of the temple of the LORD. He removed them from there, smashed them to pieces and threw the rubble into the Kidron Valley.26

          References for 2 Kings 23:12

          13 The king also desecrated the high places that were east of Jerusalem on the south of the Hill of Corruption--the ones Solomon27 king of Israel had built for Ashtoreth the vile goddess of the Sidonians, for Chemosh the vile god of Moab, and for Molek the detestable28 god of the people of Ammon.29

          References for 2 Kings 23:13

          14 Josiah smashed30 the sacred stones and cut down the Asherah poles and covered the sites with human bones.

          References for 2 Kings 23:14

          15 Even the altar31 at Bethel, the high place made by Jeroboam32 son of Nebat, who had caused Israel to sin--even that altar and high place he demolished. He burned the high place and ground it to powder, and burned the Asherah pole also.

          References for 2 Kings 23:15

          16 Then Josiah33 looked around, and when he saw the tombs that were there on the hillside, he had the bones removed from them and burned on the altar to defile it, in accordance34 with the word of the LORD proclaimed by the man of God who foretold these things.

          References for 2 Kings 23:16

          17 The king asked, "What is that tombstone I see?" The people of the city said, "It marks the tomb of the man of God who came from Judah and pronounced against the altar of Bethel the very things you have done to it."
          18 "Leave it alone," he said. "Don't let anyone disturb his bones35." So they spared his bones and those of the prophet36 who had come from Samaria.

          References for 2 Kings 23:18

          19 Just as he had done at Bethel, Josiah removed all the shrines at the high places that the kings of Israel had built in the towns of Samaria and that had aroused the LORD's anger
          20 Josiah slaughtered37 all the priests of those high places on the altars and burned human bones38 on them. Then he went back to Jerusalem.

          References for 2 Kings 23:20

          21 The king gave this order to all the people: "Celebrate the Passover39 to the LORD your God, as it is written in this Book of the Covenant."

          References for 2 Kings 23:21

          22 Neither in the days of the judges who led Israel nor in the days of the kings of Israel and the kings of Judah had any such Passover been observed.
          23 But in the eighteenth year of King Josiah, this Passover was celebrated to the LORD in Jerusalem.40

          References for 2 Kings 23:23

          24 Furthermore, Josiah got rid of the mediums and spiritists,41 the household gods,42 the idols and all the other detestable43 things seen in Judah and Jerusalem. This he did to fulfill the requirements of the law written in the book that Hilkiah the priest had discovered in the temple of the LORD.

          References for 2 Kings 23:24

          25 Neither before nor after Josiah was there a king like him who turned44 to the LORD as he did--with all his heart and with all his soul and with all his strength, in accordance with all the Law of Moses.45

          References for 2 Kings 23:25

          26 Nevertheless, the LORD did not turn away from the heat of his fierce anger,46 which burned against Judah because of all that Manasseh47 had done to arouse his anger.

          References for 2 Kings 23:26

          27 So the LORD said, "I will remove48 Judah also from my presence49 as I removed Israel, and I will reject50 Jerusalem, the city I chose, and this temple, about which I said, 'There shall my Name be.'b "

          References for 2 Kings 23:27

          28 As for the other events of Josiah's reign, and all he did, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Judah?
          29 While Josiah was king, Pharaoh Necho51 king of Egypt went up to the Euphrates River to help the king of Assyria. King Josiah marched out to meet him in battle, but Necho faced him and killed him at Megiddo.52

          References for 2 Kings 23:29

          30 Josiah's servants brought his body in a chariot53 from Megiddo to Jerusalem and buried him in his own tomb. And the people of the land took Jehoahaz son of Josiah and anointed him and made him king in place of his father.

          References for 2 Kings 23:30

          Jehoahaz King of Judah

          23:31-34pp -- 2Ch 36:2-4

          31 Jehoahaz54 was twenty-three years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months. His mother's name was Hamutal55 daughter of Jeremiah; she was from Libnah.

          References for 2 Kings 23:31

          32 He did evil56 in the eyes of the LORD, just as his predecessors had done.

          References for 2 Kings 23:32

          33 Pharaoh Necho put him in chains at Riblah57 in the land of Hamath58 so that he might not reign in Jerusalem, and he imposed on Judah a levy of a hundred talentsc of silver and a talentd of gold.

          References for 2 Kings 23:33

            • c 23:33 - That is, about 3 3/4 tons or about 3.4 metric tons
            • d 23:33 - That is, about 75 pounds or about 34 kilograms
              34 Pharaoh Necho made Eliakim59 son of Josiah king in place of his father Josiah and changed Eliakim's name to Jehoiakim. But he took Jehoahaz and carried him off to Egypt, and there he died.60

              References for 2 Kings 23:34

              35 Jehoiakim paid Pharaoh Necho the silver and gold he demanded. In order to do so, he taxed the land and exacted the silver and gold from the people of the land according to their assessments.61

              References for 2 Kings 23:35

              Jehoiakim King of Judah

              23:36-24:6pp -- 2Ch 36:5-8

              36 Jehoiakim62 was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem eleven years. His mother's name was Zebidah daughter of Pedaiah; she was from Rumah

              References for 2 Kings 23:36

              37 And he did evil63 in the eyes of the LORD, just as his predecessors had done.

              References for 2 Kings 23:37