nor did we eat anyone's food without paying for it. On the contrary, we worked1 night and day, laboring and toiling so that we would not be a burden to any of you.
We did this, not because we do not have the right to such help,2 but in order to offer ourselves as a model for you to imitate.310
For even when we were with you,4 we gave you this rule: "Anyone who is unwilling to work5 shall not eat."
We hear that some among you are idle and disruptive. They are not busy; they are busybodies.612
Such people we command and urge in the Lord Jesus Christ7 to settle down and earn the bread they eat.813
And as for you, brothers and sisters, never tire of doing what is good.914
Take special note of those who do not obey our instruction in this letter. Do not associate with them,10 in order that they may feel ashamed.1115
Yet do not regard them as enemies, but warn them as fellow believers.12
Now may the Lord of peace13 himself give you peace at all times and in every way. The Lord be with all of you.1417
I, Paul, write this greeting in my own hand,15 which is the distinguishing mark in all my letters. This is how I write.
The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all.16