Paul looked straight at the Sanhedrin1 and said, "My brothers,2 I have fulfilled my duty to God in all good conscience3 to this day."
At this the high priest Ananias4 ordered those standing near Paul to strike him on the mouth.5
Then Paul said to him, "God will strike you, you whitewashed wall!6 You sit there to judge me according to the law, yet you yourself violate the law by commanding that I be struck!"7
Those who were standing near Paul said, "How dare you insult God's high priest!
Paul replied, "Brothers, I did not realize that he was the high priest; for it is written: 'Do not speak evil about the ruler of your people.' "8
Then Paul, knowing that some of them were Sadducees9 and the others Pharisees, called out in the Sanhedrin, "My brothers,10 I am a Pharisee,11 descended from Pharisees. I stand on trial because of the hope of the resurrection of the dead."12
When he said this, a dispute broke out between the Pharisees and the Sadducees, and the assembly was divided.
(The Sadducees say that there is no resurrection,13 and that there are neither angels nor spirits, but the Pharisees believe all these things.)
There was a great uproar, and some of the teachers of the law who were Pharisees14 stood up and argued vigorously. "We find nothing wrong with this man,"15 they said. "What if a spirit or an angel has spoken to him?"16
The dispute became so violent that the commander was afraid Paul would be torn to pieces by them. He ordered the troops to go down and take him away from them by force and bring him into the barracks.17
References for Acts 23:10
The following night the Lord stood near Paul and said, "Take courage!18 As you have testified about me in Jerusalem, so you must also testify in Rome."19
References for Acts 23:11
The next morning the Jews formed a conspiracy20 and bound themselves with an oath not to eat or drink until they had killed Paul.21
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More than forty men were involved in this plot.
They went to the chief priests and the elders and said, "We have taken a solemn oath not to eat anything until we have killed Paul.
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Now then, you and the Sanhedrin22 petition the commander to bring him before you on the pretext of wanting more accurate information about his case. We are ready to kill him before he gets here."
References for Acts 23:15
But when the son of Paul's sister heard of this plot, he went into the barracks23 and told Paul.
References for Acts 23:16
Then Paul called one of the centurions and said, "Take this young man to the commander; he has something to tell him."
So he took him to the commander. The centurion said, "Paul, the prisoner,24 sent for me and asked me to bring this young man to you because he has something to tell you."
References for Acts 23:18
The commander took the young man by the hand, drew him aside and asked, "What is it you want to tell me?
He said: "The Jews have agreed to ask you to bring Paul before the Sanhedrin25 tomorrow on the pretext of wanting more accurate information about him.26
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Don't give in to them, because more than forty27 of them are waiting in ambush for him. They have taken an oath not to eat or drink until they have killed him.28 They are ready now, waiting for your consent to their request.
References for Acts 23:21
The commander dismissed the young man with this warning: "Don't tell anyone that you have reported this to me."
Then he called two of his centurions and ordered them, "Get ready a detachment of two hundred soldiers, seventy horsemen and two hundred spearmen to go to Caesarea29 at nine tonight.30
References for Acts 23:23
Provide horses for Paul so that he may be taken safely to Governor Felix."31
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He wrote a letter as follows:
Claudius Lysias, To His Excellency,32 Governor Felix: Greetings.33
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This man was seized by the Jews and they were about to kill him,34 but I came with my troops and rescued him,35 for I had learned that he is a Roman citizen.36
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I wanted to know why they were accusing him, so I brought him to their Sanhedrin.37
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I found that the accusation had to do with questions about their law,38 but there was no charge against him39 that deserved death or imprisonment.
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When I was informed40 of a plot41 to be carried out against the man, I sent him to you at once. I also ordered his accusers42 to present to you their case against him.
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So the soldiers, carrying out their orders, took Paul with them during the night and brought him as far as Antipatris.
The next day they let the cavalry43 go on with him, while they returned to the barracks.44
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When the cavalry45 arrived in Caesarea,46 they delivered the letter to the governor47 and handed Paul over to him.
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The governor read the letter and asked what province he was from. Learning that he was from Cilicia,48
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he said, "I will hear your case when your accusers49 get here." Then he ordered that Paul be kept under guard50 in Herod's palace.
References for Acts 23:35