When the people saw that Moses was so long in coming down from the mountain,1 they gathered around Aaron and said, "Come, make us gods who will go before2 us. As for this fellow Moses who brought us up out of Egypt, we don't know what has happened to him."3
References for Exodus 32:1
Aaron answered them, "Take off the gold earrings4 that your wives, your sons and your daughters are wearing, and bring them to me."
References for Exodus 32:2
So all the people took off their earrings and brought them to Aaron.
He took what they handed him and made it into an idol5 cast in the shape of a calf,6 fashioning it with a tool. Then they said, "These are your gods,7 Israel, who brought you up out of Egypt."8
References for Exodus 32:4
When Aaron saw this, he built an altar in front of the calf and announced, "Tomorrow there will be a festival9 to the LORD."
References for Exodus 32:5
So the next day the people rose early and sacrificed burnt offerings and presented fellowship offerings.10 Afterward they sat down to eat and drink11 and got up to indulge in revelry.12
References for Exodus 32:6
Then the LORD said to Moses, "Go down, because your people, whom you brought up out of Egypt,13 have become corrupt.14
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They have been quick to turn away15 from what I commanded them and have made themselves an idol16 cast in the shape of a calf.17 They have bowed down to it and sacrificed18 to it and have said, 'These are your gods, Israel, who brought you up out of Egypt.'19
References for Exodus 32:8
"I have seen these people," the LORD said to Moses, "and they are a stiff-necked20 people.
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Now leave me alone21 so that my anger may burn against them and that I may destroy22 them. Then I will make you into a great nation."23
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But Moses sought the favor24 of the LORD his God. "LORD," he said, "why should your anger burn against your people, whom you brought out of Egypt with great power and a mighty hand?25
References for Exodus 32:11
Why should the Egyptians say, 'It was with evil intent that he brought them out, to kill them in the mountains and to wipe them off the face of the earth'?26 Turn from your fierce anger; relent and do not bring disaster27 on your people.
References for Exodus 32:12
Remember28 your servants Abraham, Isaac and Israel, to whom you swore by your own self:29 'I will make your descendants as numerous as the stars30 in the sky and I will give your descendants all this land31 I promised them, and it will be their inheritance forever.' "
References for Exodus 32:13
Then the LORD relented32 and did not bring on his people the disaster he had threatened.
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Moses turned and went down the mountain with the two tablets of the covenant law33 in his hands.34 They were inscribed35 on both sides, front and back.
References for Exodus 32:15
The tablets were the work of God; the writing was the writing of God, engraved on the tablets.36
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When Joshua37 heard the noise of the people shouting, he said to Moses, "There is the sound of war in the camp."
References for Exodus 32:17
Moses replied: "It is not the sound of victory, it is not the sound of defeat; it is the sound of singing that I hear."
When Moses approached the camp and saw the calf38 and the dancing,39 his anger burned40 and he threw the tablets out of his hands, breaking them to pieces41 at the foot of the mountain.
References for Exodus 32:19
And he took the calf they had made and burned42 it in the fire; then he ground it to powder,43 scattered it on the water44 and made the Israelites drink it.
References for Exodus 32:20
He said to Aaron, "What did these people do to you, that you led them into such great sin?"
"Do not be angry,45 my lord," Aaron answered. "You know how prone these people are to evil.46
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They said to me, 'Make us gods who will go before us. As for this fellow Moses who brought us up out of Egypt, we don't know what has happened to him.'47
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So I told them, 'Whoever has any gold jewelry, take it off.' Then they gave me the gold, and I threw it into the fire, and out came this calf !"48
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Moses saw that the people were running wild and that Aaron had let them get out of control and so become a laughingstock49 to their enemies.
References for Exodus 32:25
So he stood at the entrance to the camp and said, "Whoever is for the LORD, come to me." And all the Levites rallied to him.
Then he said to them, "This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: 'Each man strap a sword to his side. Go back and forth through the camp from one end to the other, each killing his brother and friend and neighbor.' "50
References for Exodus 32:27
The Levites did as Moses commanded, and that day about three thousand of the people died.
Then Moses said, "You have been set apart to the LORD today, for you were against your own sons and brothers, and he has blessed you this day."
The next day Moses said to the people, "You have committed a great sin.51 But now I will go up to the LORD; perhaps I can make atonement52 for your sin."
References for Exodus 32:30
So Moses went back to the LORD and said, "Oh, what a great sin these people have committed!53 They have made themselves gods of gold.54
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But now, please forgive their sin55--but if not, then blot me56 out of the book57 you have written."
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The LORD replied to Moses, "Whoever has sinned against me I will blot out58 of my book.
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Now go, lead59 the people to the place60 I spoke of, and my angel61 will go before you. However, when the time comes for me to punish,62 I will punish them for their sin."
References for Exodus 32:34
And the LORD struck the people with a plague because of what they did with the calf63 Aaron had made.
References for Exodus 32:35