The word of the LORD came to me:
"What do you people mean by quoting this proverb about the land of Israel: " 'The parents eat sour grapes, and the children's teeth are set on edge'?13
"As surely as I live, declares the Sovereign LORD, you will no longer quote this proverb2 in Israel.
For everyone belongs to me, the parent as well as the child--both alike belong to me. The one who sins3 is the one who will die.45
"Suppose there is a righteous man who does what is just and right.
He does not eat at the mountain5 shrines or look to the idols6 of the house of Israel. He does not defile his neighbor's wife or have sexual relations with a woman during her period.77
He does not oppress8 anyone, but returns what he took in pledge9 for a loan. He does not commit robbery10 but gives his food to the hungry11 and provides clothing for the naked.128
He does not lend to them at interest or take a profit from them.13 He withholds his hand from doing wrong and judges fairly14 between two parties.
He follows my decrees15 and faithfully keeps my laws. That man is righteous;16 he will surely live,17 declares the Sovereign LORD.
"Suppose he has a violent son, who sheds blood18 or does any of these other thingsa11
(though the father has done none of them): "He eats at the mountain shrines.19 He defiles his neighbor's wife.
He oppresses the poor20 and needy. He commits robbery. He does not return what he took in pledge.21 He looks to the idols. He does detestable things.2213
He lends at interest and takes a profit.23 Will such a man live? He will not! Because he has done all these detestable things, he is to be put to death; his blood will be on his own head.2414
"But suppose this son has a son who sees all the sins his father commits, and though he sees them, he does not do such things:2515
"He does not eat at the mountain shrines26 or look to the idols27 of the house of Israel. He does not defile his neighbor's wife.
He does not oppress anyone or require a pledge for a loan. He does not commit robbery but gives his food to the hungry28 and provides clothing for the naked.2917
He withholds his hand from mistreating the poor and takes no interest or profit from them. He keeps my laws30 and follows my decrees. He will not die for his father's sin; he will surely live.
But his father will die for his own sin, because he practiced extortion, robbed his brother and did what was wrong among his people.
"Yet you ask, 'Why does the son not share the guilt of his father?' Since the son has done what is just and right and has been careful to keep all my decrees, he will surely live.3120
The one who sins is the one who will die.32 The child will not share the guilt of the parent, nor will the parent share the guilt of the child. The righteousness of the righteous will be credited to them, and the wickedness of the wicked will be charged against them.3321
"But if34 the wicked turn away from all the sins they have committed and keep all my decrees35 and do what is just and right, they will surely live; they will not die.3622
None of the offenses they have committed will be remembered against them. Because of the righteous things they have done, they will live.3723
Do I take any pleasure in the death of the wicked? declares the Sovereign LORD. Rather, am I not pleased38 when they turn from their ways and live?3924
"But if the righteous turn40 from their righteousness and commit sin and do the same detestable things the wicked do, will they live? None of the righteous things they have done will be remembered. Because of the unfaithfulness41 they are guilty of and because of the sins they have committed, they will die.4225
"Yet you say, 'The way of the Lord is not just.'43 Hear, house of Israel: Is my way unjust?44 Is it not your ways that are unjust?
If the righteous turn from their righteousness and commit sin, they will die for it; because of the sin they have committed they will die.
But if the wicked turn away from the wickedness they have committed and do what is just and right, they will save their lives.4528
Because they consider all the offenses they have committed and turn away from them, they will surely live; they will not die.4629
Yet the house of Israel says, 'The way of the Lord is not just.' Are my ways unjust, house of Israel? Is it not your ways that are unjust?
"Therefore, house of Israel, I will judge each of you according to your own ways, declares the Sovereign LORD. Repent!47 Turn away from all your offenses; then sin will not be your downfall.4831
Rid49 yourselves of all the offenses you have committed, and get a new heart50 and a new spirit. Why51 will you die, house of Israel?5232
For I take no pleasure in the death of anyone, declares the Sovereign LORD. Repent53 and live!54