Genesis 19 TNIV

Sodom and Gomorrah Destroyed

1 The two angels1 arrived at Sodom2 in the evening, and Lot3 was sitting in the gateway of the city.4 When he saw them, he got up to meet them and bowed down with his face to the ground.5

References for Genesis 19:1

2 "My lords," he said, "please turn aside to your servant's house. You can wash your feet6 and spend the night and then go on your way early in the morning." "No," they answered, "we will spend the night in the square."7

References for Genesis 19:2

3 But he insisted8 so strongly that they did go with him and entered his house.9 He prepared a meal for them, baking bread without yeast,10 and they ate.11

References for Genesis 19:3

4 Before they had gone to bed, all the men from every part of the city of Sodom12--both young and old--surrounded the house.

References for Genesis 19:4

5 They called to Lot, "Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us so that we can have sex with them."13

References for Genesis 19:5

6 Lot went outside to meet them14 and shut the door behind him

References for Genesis 19:6

7 and said, "No, my friends. Don't do this wicked thing.
8 Look, I have two daughters who have never slept with a man. Let me bring them out to you, and you can do what you like with them. But don't do anything to these men, for they have come under the protection of my roof."15

References for Genesis 19:8

9 "Get out of our way," they replied. "This fellow came here as a foreigner,16 and now he wants to play the judge!17 We'll treat you worse than them." They kept bringing pressure on Lot and moved forward to break down the door.

References for Genesis 19:9

10 But the men18 inside reached out and pulled Lot back into the house and shut the door.

References for Genesis 19:10

11 Then they struck the men who were at the door of the house, young and old, with blindness19 so that they could not find the door.

References for Genesis 19:11

12 The two men said to Lot, "Do you have anyone else here--sons-in-law, sons or daughters, or anyone else in the city who belongs to you?20 Get them out of here,

References for Genesis 19:12

13 because we21 are going to destroy this place. The outcry to the LORD against its people is so great22 that he has sent us to destroy it."23
14 So Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law, who were pledged to marrya his daughters. He said, "Hurry and get out of this place, because the LORD is about to destroy the city!24" But his sons-in-law thought he was joking.25

References for Genesis 19:14

15 With the coming of dawn, the angels urged Lot, saying, "Hurry! Take your wife and your two daughters who are here, or you will be swept away26 when the city is punished.27"

References for Genesis 19:15

16 When he hesitated, the men grasped his hand and the hands of his wife and of his two daughters28 and led them safely out of the city, for the LORD was merciful to them.29

References for Genesis 19:16

17 As soon as they had brought them out, one of them said, "Flee for your lives!30 Don't look back,31 and don't stop anywhere in the plain!32 Flee to the mountains33 or you will be swept away!"

References for Genesis 19:17

      18 But Lot said to them, "No, my lords,b please!

      References for Genesis 19:18

        • b 19:18 - Or "No, Lord "; or "No, my lord"
          19 Yourc servant has found favor in yourd eyes,34 and youe have shown great kindness35 to me in sparing my life. But I can't flee to the mountains;36 this disaster will overtake me, and I'll die.

          References for Genesis 19:19

            • c 19:19 - The Hebrew is singular.
            • d 19:19 - The Hebrew is singular.
            • e 19:19 - The Hebrew is singular.
              20 Look, here is a town near enough to run to, and it is small. Let me flee to it--it is very small, isn't it? Then my life will be spared."
              21 He said to him, "Very well, I will grant this request37 too; I will not overthrow the town you speak of.

              References for Genesis 19:21

              22 But flee there quickly, because I cannot do anything until you reach it." (That is why the town was called Zoar.f38)

              References for Genesis 19:22

                • f 19:22 - "Zoar" means "small."
                  23 By the time Lot reached Zoar,39 the sun had risen over the land.

                  References for Genesis 19:23

                  24 Then the LORD rained down burning sulfur40 on Sodom and Gomorrah41--from the LORD out of the heavens.42
                  25 Thus he overthrew those cities43 and the entire plain,44 destroying all those living in the cities--and also the vegetation in the land.45

                  References for Genesis 19:25

                  26 But Lot's wife looked back,46 and she became a pillar of salt.47

                  References for Genesis 19:26

                      27 Early the next morning Abraham got up and returned to the place where he had stood before the LORD.48

                      References for Genesis 19:27

                      28 He looked down toward Sodom and Gomorrah, toward all the land of the plain, and he saw dense smoke rising from the land, like smoke from a furnace.49

                      References for Genesis 19:28

                      29 So when God destroyed the cities of the plain,50 he remembered51 Abraham, and he brought Lot out of the catastrophe52 that overthrew the cities where Lot had lived.53

                      References for Genesis 19:29

                      Lot and His Daughters

                      30 Lot and his two daughters left Zoar54 and settled in the mountains,55 for he was afraid to stay in Zoar. He and his two daughters lived in a cave.

                      References for Genesis 19:30

                          31 One day the older daughter said to the younger, "Our father is old, and there is no man around here to give us children--as is the custom all over the earth.
                          32 Let's get our father to drink wine and then sleep with him and preserve our family line56 through our father."57

                          References for Genesis 19:32

                              33 That night they got their father to drink wine, and the older daughter went in and slept with him. He was not aware of it when she lay down or when she got up.58

                              References for Genesis 19:33

                                  34 The next day the older daughter said to the younger, "Last night I slept with my father. Let's get him to drink wine again tonight, and you go in and sleep with him so we can preserve our family line through our father."59

                                  References for Genesis 19:34

                                      35 So they got their father to drink wine60 that night also, and the younger daughter went in and slept with him. Again he was not aware of it when she lay down or when she got up.61

                                      References for Genesis 19:35

                                          36 So both of Lot's daughters became pregnant by their father.62

                                          References for Genesis 19:36

                                              37 The older daughter had a son, and she named him Moabg;63 he is the father of the Moabites64 of today.

                                              References for Genesis 19:37

                                                • g 19:37 - "Moab" sounds like the Hebrew for "from father."
                                                  38 The younger daughter also had a son, and she named him Ben-Ammih; he is the father of the Ammonitesi65 of today.

                                                  References for Genesis 19:38

                                                    • h 19:38 - "Ben-Ammi" means "son of my father's people."
                                                    • i 19:38 - Hebrew "Bene-Ammon"