John 3:1-21 TNIV

Jesus Teaches Nicodemus

1 Now there was a Pharisee, a man named Nicodemus1 who was a member of the Jewish ruling council.2

References for John 3:1

2 He came to Jesus at night and said, "Rabbi,3 we know4 that you are a teacher who has come from God. For no one could perform the signs5 you are doing if God were not with him."6

References for John 3:2

      3 Jesus replied, "Very truly I tell you, no one can see the kingdom of God without being born again.a "78

      References for John 3:3

        • a 3:3 - The Greek for "again" also means "from above"; also in verse 7.
          4 "How can anyone be born when they are old?" Nicodemus asked. "Surely they cannot enter a second time into their mother's womb to be born!"
          5 Jesus answered, "Very truly I tell you, no one can enter the kingdom of God without being born of water and the Spirit.910

          References for John 3:5

          6 Flesh gives birth to flesh, but the Spiritb gives birth to spirit.11

          References for John 3:6

            • b 3:6 - Or "but spirit"
              7 You should not be surprised at my saying, 'Youc must be born again.'

              References for John 3:7

                • c 3:7 - The Greek is plural.
                  8 The wind blows wherever it pleases. You hear its sound, but you cannot tell where it comes from or where it is going. So it is with everyone born of the Spirit."d12

                  References for John 3:8

                    • d 3:8 - The Greek for "Spirit" is the same as that for "wind".
                      9 "How can this be?"13 Nicodemus asked.

                      References for John 3:9

                      10 "You are Israel's teacher,"14 said Jesus, "and do you not understand these things?

                      References for John 3:10

                      11 Very truly I tell you, we speak of what we know,15 and we testify to what we have seen, but still you people do not accept our testimony.16

                      References for John 3:11

                      12 I have spoken to you of earthly things and you do not believe; how then will you believe if I speak of heavenly things?
                      13 No one has ever gone into heaven17 except the one who came from heaven18--the Son of Man.e19

                      References for John 3:13

                        • e 3:13 - Some manuscripts "Man, who is in heaven"
                          14 Just as Moses lifted up the snake in the wilderness,20 so the Son of Man must be lifted up,f21

                          References for John 3:14

                            • f 3:14 - The Greek for "lifted up" also means "exalted".
                              15 that everyone who believes22 may have eternal life in him."g23

                              References for John 3:15

                                • g 3:15 - Some interpreters end the quotation with verse 21.
                                  16 For God so loved24 the world that he gave25 his one and only Son,26 that whoever believes27 in him shall not perish but have eternal life.28

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                                  17 For God did not send his Son into the world29 to condemn the world, but to save the world through him.30

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                                  18 Whoever believes in him is not condemned,31 but whoever does not believe stands condemned already because they have not believed in the name of God's one and only Son.32

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                                  19 This is the verdict: Light33 has come into the world, but people loved darkness instead of light because their deeds were evil.34

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                                  20 All those who do evil hate the light, and will not come into the light for fear that their deeds will be exposed.35

                                  References for John 3:20

                                  21 But those who live by the truth come into the light, so that it may be seen plainly that what they have done has been done in the sight of God.