Now Adoni-Zedek1 king of Jerusalem2 heard that Joshua had taken Ai3 and totally destroyed4 it, doing to Ai and its king as he had done to Jericho and its king, and that the people of Gibeon5 had made a treaty of peace6 with Israel and had become their allies.
References for Joshua 10:1
He and his people were very much alarmed at this, because Gibeon was an important city, like one of the royal cities; it was larger than Ai, and all its men were good fighters.
So Adoni-Zedek king of Jerusalem appealed to Hoham king of Hebron,7 Piram king of Jarmuth,8 Japhia king of Lachish9 and Debir10 king of Eglon.11
References for Joshua 10:3
"Come up and help me attack Gibeon," he said, "because it has made peace12 with Joshua and the Israelites."
References for Joshua 10:4
Then the five kings13 of the Amorites14--the kings of Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish and Eglon--joined forces. They moved up with all their troops and took up positions against Gibeon and attacked it.
References for Joshua 10:5
The Gibeonites then sent word to Joshua in the camp at Gilgal:15 "Do not abandon your servants. Come up to us quickly and save us! Help us, because all the Amorite kings from the hill country have joined forces against us."
References for Joshua 10:6
So Joshua marched up from Gilgal with his entire army,16 including all the best fighting men.
References for Joshua 10:7
The LORD said to Joshua, "Do not be afraid17 of them; I have given them into your hand.18 Not one of them will be able to withstand you."19
References for Joshua 10:8
After an all-night march from Gilgal, Joshua took them by surprise.
The LORD threw them into confusion20 before Israel,21 so Joshua and the Israelites defeated them completely at Gibeon.22 Israel pursued them along the road going up to Beth Horon23 and cut them down all the way to Azekah24 and Makkedah.25
References for Joshua 10:10
As they fled before Israel on the road down from Beth Horon to Azekah, the LORD hurled large hailstones26 down on them,27 and more of them died from the hail than were killed by the swords of the Israelites.
References for Joshua 10:11
On the day the LORD gave the Amorites28 over to Israel, Joshua said to the LORD in the presence of Israel: "Sun, stand still over Gibeon, and you, moon, over the Valley of Aijalon.29"
References for Joshua 10:12
So the sun stood still,30 and the moon stopped, till the nation avenged itself on its enemies, as it is written in the Book of Jashar.31 The sun stopped32 in the middle of the sky and delayed going down about a full day.
References for Joshua 10:13
There has never been a day like it before or since, a day when the LORD listened to a human being. Surely the LORD was fighting33 for Israel!
References for Joshua 10:14
Then Joshua returned with all Israel to the camp at Gilgal.34
References for Joshua 10:15
Now the five kings had fled35 and hidden in the cave at Makkedah.
References for Joshua 10:16
When Joshua was told that the five kings had been found hiding in the cave at Makkedah,
he said, "Roll large rocks up to the mouth of the cave, and post some guards there.
But don't stop; pursue your enemies! Attack them from the rear and don't let them reach their cities, for the LORD your God has given them into your hand."
So Joshua and the Israelites defeated them completely,36 but a few survivors managed to reach their fortified cities.37
References for Joshua 10:20
The whole army then returned safely to Joshua in the camp at Makkedah, and no one uttered a word against the Israelites.
Joshua said, "Open the mouth of the cave and bring those five kings out to me."
So they brought the five kings out of the cave--the kings of Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish and Eglon.
When they had brought these kings38 to Joshua, he summoned all the men of Israel and said to the army commanders who had come with him, "Come here and put your feet39 on the necks of these kings." So they came forward and placed their feet40 on their necks.
References for Joshua 10:24
Joshua said to them, "Do not be afraid; do not be discouraged. Be strong and courageous.41 This is what the LORD will do to all the enemies you are going to fight."
References for Joshua 10:25
Then Joshua put the kings to death and exposed their bodies on five poles, and they were left hanging on the poles until evening.
At sunset42 Joshua gave the order and they took them down from the poles and threw them into the cave where they had been hiding. At the mouth of the cave they placed large rocks, which are there to this day.43
References for Joshua 10:27
That day Joshua took Makkedah. He put the city and its king to the sword and totally destroyed everyone in it. He left no survivors.44 And he did to the king of Makkedah as he had done to the king of Jericho.45
References for Joshua 10:28
Then Joshua and all Israel with him moved on from Makkedah to Libnah46 and attacked it.
References for Joshua 10:29
The LORD also gave that city and its king into Israel's hand. The city and everyone in it Joshua put to the sword. He left no survivors there. And he did to its king as he had done to the king of Jericho.
Then Joshua and all Israel with him moved on from Libnah to Lachish;47 he took up positions against it and attacked it.
References for Joshua 10:31
The LORD gave Lachish into Israel's hands, and Joshua took it on the second day. The city and everyone in it he put to the sword, just as he had done to Libnah.
Meanwhile, Horam king of Gezer48 had come up to help Lachish, but Joshua defeated him and his army--until no survivors were left.
References for Joshua 10:33
Then Joshua and all Israel with him moved on from Lachish to Eglon;49 they took up positions against it and attacked it.
References for Joshua 10:34
They captured it that same day and put it to the sword and totally destroyed everyone in it, just as they had done to Lachish.
Then Joshua and all Israel with him went up from Eglon to Hebron50 and attacked it.
References for Joshua 10:36
They took the city and put it to the sword, together with its king, its villages and everyone51 in it. They left no survivors. Just as at Eglon, they totally destroyed it and everyone in it.
References for Joshua 10:37
Then Joshua and all Israel with him turned around and attacked Debir.52
References for Joshua 10:38
They took the city, its king and its villages, and put them to the sword. Everyone in it they totally destroyed. They left no survivors. They did to Debir and its king as they had done to Libnah and its king and to Hebron.53
References for Joshua 10:39
So Joshua subdued the whole region, including the hill country, the Negev,54 the western foothills and the mountain slopes,55 together with all their kings.56 He left no survivors. He totally destroyed all who breathed, just as the LORD, the God of Israel, had commanded.57
References for Joshua 10:40
Joshua subdued them from Kadesh Barnea58 to Gaza59 and from the whole region of Goshen60 to Gibeon.
References for Joshua 10:41
All these kings and their lands Joshua conquered in one campaign, because the LORD, the God of Israel, fought61 for Israel.
References for Joshua 10:42
Then Joshua returned with all Israel to the camp at Gilgal.62
References for Joshua 10:43