Now this is why he did so: All those who came out of Egypt--all the men of military age1--died in the wilderness on the way after leaving Egypt.25
All the people that came out had been circumcised, but all the people born in the wilderness during the journey from Egypt had not.
The Israelites had moved about in the wilderness3 forty years4 until all the men who were of military age when they left Egypt had died, since they had not obeyed the LORD. For the LORD had sworn to them that they would not see the land he had solemnly promised their ancestors to give us,5 a land flowing with milk and honey.67
So he raised up their sons in their place, and these were the ones Joshua circumcised. They were still uncircumcised because they had not been circumcised on the way.
And after the whole nation had been circumcised, they remained where they were in camp until they were healed.79
Then the LORD said to Joshua, "Today I have rolled away the reproach of Egypt from you." So the place has been called Gilgala8 to this day.
On the evening of the fourteenth day of the month,9 while camped at Gilgal on the plains of Jericho, the Israelites celebrated the Passover.1011
The day after the Passover, that very day, they ate some of the produce of the land:11 unleavened bread12 and roasted grain.1312
The manna stopped the day afterb they ate this food from the land; there was no longer any manna for the Israelites, but that year they ate of the produce of Canaan.14
Now when Joshua was near Jericho, he looked up and saw a man15 standing in front of him with a drawn sword16 in his hand. Joshua went up to him and asked, "Are you for us or for our enemies?"
"Neither," he replied, "but as commander of the army of the LORD I have now come." Then Joshua fell facedown17 to the ground18 in reverence, and asked him, "What message does my Lordc have for his servant?"