Leviticus 23 TNIV

1 The LORD said to Moses,
2 "Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'These are my appointed festivals,1 the appointed festivals of the LORD, which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies.2

References for Leviticus 23:2

      The Sabbath

      3 " 'There are six days when you may work,3 but the seventh day is a day of sabbath rest,4 a day of sacred assembly. You are not to do any work;5 wherever you live, it is a sabbath to the LORD.

      References for Leviticus 23:3

      The Passover and the Festival of Unleavened Bread

      23:4-8pp -- Ex 12:14-20; Nu 28:16-25; Dt 16:1-8

      4 " 'These are the LORD's appointed festivals, the sacred assemblies you are to proclaim at their appointed times:#cr

      References for Leviticus 23:4

      5 The LORD's Passover6 begins at twilight on the fourteenth day of the first month.7

      References for Leviticus 23:5

      6 On the fifteenth day of that month the LORD's Festival of Unleavened Bread8 begins; for seven days9 you must eat bread made without yeast.

      References for Leviticus 23:6

      7 On the first day hold a sacred assembly10 and do no regular work.

      References for Leviticus 23:7

          8 For seven days present a food offering to the LORD.11 And on the seventh day hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work.' "

          References for Leviticus 23:8

          Offering the Firstfruits

          9 The LORD said to Moses,

          References for Leviticus 23:9

              10 "Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'When you enter the land I am going to give you12 and you reap its harvest,13 bring to the priest a sheaf14 of the first grain you harvest.15

              References for Leviticus 23:10

              11 He is to wave the sheaf before the LORD 16 so it will be accepted17 on your behalf; the priest is to wave it on the day after the Sabbath.

              References for Leviticus 23:11

              12 On the day you wave the sheaf, you must sacrifice as a burnt offering to the LORD a lamb a year old18 without defect,19

              References for Leviticus 23:12

              13 together with its grain offering20 of two-tenths of an ephaha21 of the finest flour mixed with olive oil--a food offering presented to the LORD, a pleasing aroma--and its drink offering22 of a quarter of a hinb of wine.23

              References for Leviticus 23:13

                • a 23:13 - That is, probably about 7 pounds or about 3.2 kilograms; also in verse 17
                • b 23:13 - That is, about 1 quart or about 0.9 liter
                  14 You must not eat any bread, or roasted or new grain,24 until the very day you bring this offering to your God.25 This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come,26 wherever you live.

                  References for Leviticus 23:14

                  The Festival of Weeks

                  23:15-22pp -- Nu 28:26-31; Dt 16:9-12

                  15 " 'From the day after the Sabbath, the day you brought the sheaf of the wave offering, count off seven full weeks.

                  References for Leviticus 23:15

                      16 Count off fifty days up to the day after the seventh Sabbath,27 and then present an offering of new grain to the LORD.

                      References for Leviticus 23:16

                      17 From wherever you live, bring two loaves made of two-tenths of an ephah28 of the finest flour, baked with yeast, as a wave offering of firstfruits29 to the LORD.

                      References for Leviticus 23:17

                          18 Present with this bread seven male lambs, each a year old and without defect, one young bull and two rams. They will be a burnt offering to the LORD, together with their grain offerings and drink offerings30--a food offering, an aroma pleasing to the LORD.

                          References for Leviticus 23:18

                          19 Then sacrifice one male goat for a sin offeringc and two lambs, each a year old, for a fellowship offering

                          References for Leviticus 23:19

                            • c 23:19 - Or "purification offering"
                              20 The priest is to wave the two lambs before the LORD as a wave offering,31 together with the bread of the firstfruits. They are a sacred offering to the LORD for the priest.

                              References for Leviticus 23:20

                              21 On that same day you are to proclaim a sacred assembly32 and do no regular work.33 This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come, wherever you live

                              References for Leviticus 23:21

                                  22 " 'When you reap the harvest34 of your land, do not reap to the very edges of your field or gather the gleanings of your harvest.35 Leave them for the poor and for the foreigner residing among you.36 I am the LORD your God.' "

                                  References for Leviticus 23:22

                                  The Festival of Trumpets

                                  23:23-25pp -- Nu 29:1-6

                                  23 The LORD said to Moses,

                                  References for Leviticus 23:23

                                      24 "Say to the Israelites: 'On the first day of the seventh month you are to have a day of sabbath rest, a sacred assembly37 commemorated with trumpet blasts.38

                                      References for Leviticus 23:24

                                      25 Do no regular work,39 but present a food offering to the LORD.40' "

                                      References for Leviticus 23:25

                                          The Day of Atonement

                                          23:26-32pp -- Lev 16:2-34; Nu 29:7-11

                                          26 The LORD said to Moses,

                                          References for Leviticus 23:26

                                              27 "The tenth day of this seventh month41 is the Day of Atonement.42 Hold a sacred assembly43 and deny yourselves,d and present a food offering to the LORD.

                                              References for Leviticus 23:27

                                                • d 23:27 - Or "and fast "; also in verses 29 and 32
                                                  28 Do not do any work44 on that day, because it is the Day of Atonement, when atonement is made for you before the LORD your God.

                                                  References for Leviticus 23:28

                                                      29 Those who do not deny themselves on that day must be cut off from their people.45

                                                      References for Leviticus 23:29

                                                      30 I will destroy from among their people46 anyone who does any work on that day.

                                                      References for Leviticus 23:30

                                                      31 You shall do no work at all. This is to be a lasting ordinance47 for the generations to come, wherever you live.

                                                      References for Leviticus 23:31

                                                      32 It is a day of sabbath rest48 for you, and you must deny yourselves. From the evening of the ninth day of the month until the following evening you are to observe your sabbath."49

                                                      References for Leviticus 23:32

                                                      The Festival of Tabernacles

                                                      23:33-43pp -- Nu 29:12-39; Dt 16:13-17

                                                      33 The LORD said to Moses,

                                                      References for Leviticus 23:33

                                                          34 "Say to the Israelites: 'On the fifteenth day of the seventh50 month the LORD's Festival of Tabernacles51 begins, and it lasts for seven days.

                                                          References for Leviticus 23:34

                                                          35 The first day is a sacred assembly;52 do no regular work.53

                                                          References for Leviticus 23:35

                                                              36 For seven days present food offerings to the LORD, and on the eighth day hold a sacred assembly54 and present a food offering to the LORD.55 It is the closing special assembly; do no regular work

                                                              References for Leviticus 23:36

                                                              37 (" 'These are the LORD's appointed festivals, which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies for bringing food offerings to the LORD--the burnt offerings and grain offerings, sacrifices and drink offerings56 required for each day.

                                                              References for Leviticus 23:37

                                                                • 58 23:37 - ver 13; ver 2,4
                                                                  38 These offerings57 are in addition to those for the LORD's Sabbaths58 ande in addition to your gifts and whatever you have vowed and all the freewill offerings59 you give to the LORD.

                                                                  References for Leviticus 23:38

                                                                    • e 23:38 - Or "These festivals are in addition to the LORD's Sabbaths, and these offerings are"
                                                                      39 " 'So beginning with the fifteenth day of the seventh month, after you have gathered the crops of the land, celebrate the festival60 to the LORD for seven days;61 the first day is a day of sabbath rest, and the eighth day also is a day of sabbath rest.

                                                                      References for Leviticus 23:39

                                                                      40 On the first day you are to take branches62 from luxuriant trees--from palms, willows and other leafy trees63--and rejoice64 before the LORD your God for seven days.

                                                                      References for Leviticus 23:40

                                                                      41 Celebrate this as a festival to the LORD for seven days each year. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come; celebrate it in the seventh month.
                                                                      42 Live in temporary shelters65 for seven days: All native-born Israelites are to live in such shelters

                                                                      References for Leviticus 23:42

                                                                      43 so your descendants will know66 that I had the Israelites live in temporary shelters when I brought them out of Egypt. I am the LORD your God.' "

                                                                      References for Leviticus 23:43

                                                                      44 So Moses announced to the Israelites the appointed festivals of the LORD.