Matthew 13 TNIV

The Parable of the Sower

13:1-15pp -- Mk 4:1-12; Lk 8:4-10 13:16,17pp -- Lk 10:23,24 13:18-23pp -- Mk 4:13-20; Lk 8:11-15

1 That same day Jesus went out of the house1 and sat by the lake.

References for Matthew 13:1

2 Such large crowds gathered around him that he got into a boat2 and sat in it, while all the people stood on the shore.

References for Matthew 13:2

3 Then he told them many things in parables, saying: "A farmer went out to sow his seed.
4 As he was scattering the seed, some fell along the path, and the birds came and ate it up.
5 Some fell on rocky places, where it did not have much soil. It sprang up quickly, because the soil was shallow.
6 But when the sun came up, the plants were scorched, and they withered because they had no root.
7 Other seed fell among thorns, which grew up and choked the plants.
8 Still other seed fell on good soil, where it produced a crop--a hundred,3 sixty or thirty times what was sown.

References for Matthew 13:8

9 Whoever has ears, let them hear."4

References for Matthew 13:9

10 The disciples came to him and asked, "Why do you speak to the people in parables?"
11 He replied, "The knowledge of the secrets of the kingdom of heaven5 has been given to you,6 but not to them.

References for Matthew 13:11

12 Those who have will be given more, and they will have an abundance. As for those who do not have, even what they have will be taken from them.7

References for Matthew 13:12

13 This is why I speak to them in parables: "Though seeing, they do not see; though hearing, they do not hear or understand.8

References for Matthew 13:13

14 In them is fulfilled9 the prophecy of Isaiah: " 'You will be ever hearing but never understanding; you will be ever seeing but never perceiving.

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15 For this people's heart has become calloused; they hardly hear with their ears, and they have closed their eyes. Otherwise they might see with their eyes, hear with their ears, understand with their hearts and turn, and I would heal them.'a10

References for Matthew 13:15

    • a 13:15 - Isaiah 6:9,10 (see Septuagint)
      16 But blessed are your eyes because they see, and your ears because they hear.11

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      17 Truly I tell you, many prophets and righteous people longed to see what you see12 but did not see it, and to hear what you hear but did not hear it.

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      18 "Listen then to what the parable of the sower means:
      19 When people hear the message about the kingdom13 and do not understand it, the evil one14 comes and snatches away what was sown in their hearts. This is the seed sown along the path.

      References for Matthew 13:19

      20 The seed falling on rocky ground refers to people who hear the word and at once receive it with joy.
      21 But since they have no root, they last only a short time. When trouble or persecution comes because of the word, they quickly fall away.15

      References for Matthew 13:21

      22 The seed falling among the thorns refers to people who hear the word, but the worries of this life and the deceitfulness of wealth16 choke the word, making it unfruitful.

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      23 But the seed falling on good soil refers to people who hear the word and understand it. They produce a crop, yielding a hundred, sixty or thirty times what was sown."17

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          The Parable of the Weeds

          24 Jesus told them another parable: "The kingdom of heaven is like18 a man who sowed good seed in his field.

          References for Matthew 13:24

              25 But while everyone was sleeping, his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat, and went away.
              26 When the wheat sprouted and formed heads, then the weeds also appeared.
              27 "The owner's servants came to him and said, 'Sir, didn't you sow good seed in your field? Where then did the weeds come from?'
              28 " 'An enemy did this,' he replied. "The servants asked him, 'Do you want us to go and pull them up?'
              29 " 'No,' he answered, 'because while you are pulling the weeds, you may uproot the wheat with them.
              30 Let both grow together until the harvest. At that time I will tell the harvesters: First collect the weeds and tie them in bundles to be burned; then gather the wheat and bring it into my barn.' "19

              References for Matthew 13:30

              The Parables of the Mustard Seed and the Yeast

              13:31,32pp -- Mk 4:30-32 13:31-33pp -- Lk 13:18-21

              31 He told them another parable: "The kingdom of heaven is like20 a mustard seed,21 which a man took and planted in his field.

              References for Matthew 13:31

              32 Though it is the smallest of all seeds, yet when it grows, it is the largest of garden plants and becomes a tree, so that the birds come and perch in its branches."22

              References for Matthew 13:32

              33 He told them still another parable: "The kingdom of heaven is like23 yeast that a woman took and mixed into about sixty poundsb of flour24 until it worked all through the dough."25

              References for Matthew 13:33

                • b 13:33 - Or about 27 kilograms
                  34 Jesus spoke all these things to the crowd in parables; he did not say anything to them without using a parable.26

                  References for Matthew 13:34

                  35 So was fulfilled27 what was spoken through the prophet: "I will open my mouth in parables, I will utter things hidden since the creation of the world."c28

                  References for Matthew 13:35

                  The Parable of the Weeds Explained

                  36 Then he left the crowd and went into the house. His disciples came to him and said, "Explain to us the parable29 of the weeds in the field."

                  References for Matthew 13:36

                  37 He answered, "The one who sowed the good seed is the Son of Man.30

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                  38 The field is the world, and the good seed stands for the people of the kingdom. The weeds are the people of the evil one,31

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                  39 and the enemy who sows them is the devil. The harvest32 is the end of the age,33 and the harvesters are angels.34

                  References for Matthew 13:39

                  40 "As the weeds are pulled up and burned in the fire, so it will be at the end of the age.
                  41 The Son of Man35 will send out his angels,36 and they will weed out of his kingdom everything that causes sin and all who do evil.

                  References for Matthew 13:41

                  42 They will throw them into the blazing furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.37

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                      43 Then the righteous will shine like the sun38 in the kingdom of their Father. Whoever has ears, let them hear.39

                      References for Matthew 13:43

                      The Parables of the Hidden Treasure and the Pearl

                      44 "The kingdom of heaven is like40 treasure hidden in a field. When a man found it, he hid it again, and then in his joy went and sold all he had and bought that field.41

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                      45 "Again, the kingdom of heaven is like42 a merchant looking for fine pearls.

                      References for Matthew 13:45

                          46 When he found one of great value, he went away and sold everything he had and bought it.

                          The Parable of the Net

                          47 "Once again, the kingdom of heaven is like43 a net that was let down into the lake and caught all kinds44 of fish.

                          References for Matthew 13:47

                              48 When it was full, the fishermen pulled it up on the shore. Then they sat down and collected the good fish in baskets, but threw the bad away.
                              49 This is how it will be at the end of the age. The angels will come and separate the wicked from the righteous45

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                              50 and throw them into the blazing furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.46

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                              51 "Have you understood all these things?" Jesus asked. "Yes," they replied.
                              52 He said to them, "Therefore every teacher of the law who has been instructed about the kingdom of heaven is like the owner of a house who brings out of his storeroom new treasures as well as old."

                              A Prophet Without Honor

                              13:54-58pp -- Mk 6:1-6

                              53 When Jesus had finished these parables,47 he moved on from there.

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                              54 Coming to his hometown, he began teaching the people in their synagogue,48 and they were amazed.49 "Where did this man get this wisdom and these miraculous powers?" they asked.

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                              55 "Isn't this the carpenter's son?50 Isn't his mother's51 name Mary, and aren't his brothers52 James, Joseph, Simon and Judas?

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                              56 Aren't all his sisters with us? Where then did this man get all these things?"
                              57 And they took offense53 at him. But Jesus said to them, "Only in their own towns and in their own homes are prophets without honor."54

                              References for Matthew 13:57

                              58 And he did not do many miracles there because of their lack of faith.