Proverbs 1 TNIV

Purpose and Theme

1 The proverbs1 of Solomon2 son of David, king of Israel:3

References for Proverbs 1:1

2 for gaining wisdom and instruction; for understanding words of insight;
3 for receiving instruction in prudent behavior, doing what is right and just and fair;
4 for giving prudence to those who are simple,a4 knowledge and discretion5 to the young--

References for Proverbs 1:4

    • a 1:4 - The Hebrew word rendered "simple" in Proverbs denotes a person who is gullible, without moral direction and inclined to evil.
      5 let the wise listen and add to their learning,6 and let the discerning get guidance--

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      6 for understanding proverbs and parables,7 the sayings and riddles8 of the wise.b9

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        • b 1:6 - Or "understanding a proverb, namely, a parable, / and the sayings of the wise, their riddles"
          7 The fear of the LORD 10 is the beginning of knowledge, but foolsc despise wisdom11 and instruction.12

          References for Proverbs 1:7

            • c 1:7 - The Hebrew words rendered "fool" in Proverbs, and often elsewhere in the Old Testament, denote a person who is morally deficient.

              Prologue: Exhortations to Embrace Wisdom

              Warning Against the Invitation of Sinful Men

              8 Listen, my son,13 to your father's14 instruction and do not forsake your mother's teaching.15

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              9 They are a garland to grace your head and a chain to adorn your neck.16

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              10 My son, if sinful men entice17 you, do not give in18 to them.19

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              11 If they say, "Come along with us; let's lie in wait20 for innocent blood, let's ambush some harmless soul;

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              12 let's swallow21 them alive, like the grave, and whole, like those who go down to the pit;22

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                  13 we will get all sorts of valuable things and fill our houses with plunder;
                  14 cast lots with us; we will all share the loot23"--

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                      15 my son, do not go along with them, do not set foot24 on their paths;25

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                      16 for their feet rush into evil,26 they are swift to shed blood.27

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                      17 How useless to spread a net where every bird can see it!
                      18 These men lie in wait28 for their own blood; they ambush only themselves!29

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                          19 Such are the paths of all who go after ill-gotten gain; it takes away the life of those who get it.30

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                          Wisdom's Rebuke

                          20 Out in the open wisdom calls aloud,31 she raises her voice in the public square;

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                          21 on top of the walld she cries out, at the city gate she makes her speech:

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                            • d 1:21 - Septuagint; Hebrew "/ at noisy street corners"
                              22 "How long will you who are simple32 love your simple ways? How long will mockers delight in mockery and fools hate33 knowledge?

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                              23 Repent at my rebuke! Then I will pour out my thoughts to you, I will make known to you my teachings.
                              24 But since you refuse34 to listen when I call35 and no one pays attention36 when I stretch out my hand,

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                              25 since you disregard all my advice and do not accept my rebuke,
                              26 I in turn will laugh37 when disaster38 strikes you; I will mock39 when calamity overtakes you40--

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                                  27 when calamity overtakes you like a storm, when disaster41 sweeps over you like a whirlwind, when distress and trouble overwhelm you.

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                                  28 "Then they will call to me but I will not answer;42 they will look for me but will not find me,43

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                                  29 since they hated knowledge and did not choose to fear the LORD.44

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                                  30 Since they would not accept my advice and spurned my rebuke,45

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                                  31 they will eat the fruit of their ways and be filled with the fruit of their schemes.46

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                                  32 For the waywardness of the simple will kill them, and the complacency of fools will destroy them;47

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                                  33 but whoever listens to me will live in safety48 and be at ease, without fear of harm."49

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