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Compare Translations for Zephaniah 2:15

Zephaniah 2:15 ASV
This is the joyous city that dwelt carelessly, that said in her heart, I am, and there is none besides me: how is she become a desolation, a place for beasts to lie down in! every one that passeth by her shall hiss, and wag his hand.
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Zephaniah 2:15 BBE
This is the town which was full of joy, living without fear of danger, saying in her heart, I am, and there is no other: how has she been made waste, a place for beasts to take their rest in! everyone who goes by her will make hisses, waving his hand.
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Zephaniah 2:15 CEB
This is the jubilant city, the one dwelling securely, the one saying in her heart, I, and no one else, will endure forever. How she has become a desolation, a resting place for the wild animals. All those who pass through her hiss and shake their fist.
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Zephaniah 2:15 CJB
This is the city, once so joyful, whose people felt themselves secure, who used to say to herself, "I am [the greatest]! I have no rival." What a ruin she has become a place for wild animals to lie down! Everyone passing by her hisses and shakes his fist!
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Zephaniah 2:15 RHE
This is the glorious city that dwelt in security: that said in her heart: I am, and there is none beside me: how is she become a desert, a place for beasts to lie down in? every one that passeth by her shall hiss, and wag his hand.
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Zephaniah 2:15 ESV
This is the exultant city that lived securely, that said in her heart, "I am, and there is no one else." What a desolation she has become, a lair for wild beasts! Everyone who passes by her hisses and shakes his fist.
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Zephaniah 2:15 GW
Is this the arrogant city? Is this the city that used to live securely, the city that used to think to itself, "I'm the only one, and no one else exists but me"? What a wasteland it is now, a resting place for wild animals! All who pass by it will hiss and make an obscene gesture.
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Zephaniah 2:15 GNT
That is what will happen to the city that is so proud of its own power and thinks it is safe. Its people think that their city is the greatest in the world. What a desolate place it will become, a place where wild animals will rest! Everyone who passes by will shrink back in horror.
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Zephaniah 2:15 HNV
This is the joyous city that lived carelessly, that said in her heart, "I am, and there is none besides me." How she has become a desolation, a place for animals to lie down in! Everyone who passes by her will hiss, and shake their fists.
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Zephaniah 2:15 CSB
This is the self-assured city that lives in security, that thinks to herself: I am, and there is no one besides me. What a desolation she has become, a place for wild animals to lie down! Everyone who passes by her jeers and shakes his fist.
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Zephaniah 2:15 KJV
This is the rejoicing city that dwelt carelessly, that said in her heart, I am, and there is none beside me: how is she become a desolation, a place for beasts to lie down in! every one that passeth by her shall hiss , and wag his hand.
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Zephaniah 2:15 LEB
This [is] the city of rejoicing that lived securely; the one saying in her heart, "{I am, and there is none besides me}." How she has become a desolation, a lair for wild animals! Everyone who passes by her hisses and shakes his fist.
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Zephaniah 2:15 NAS
This is the exultant city Which dwells securely, Who says in her heart, "I am, and there is no one besides me." How she has become a desolation, A resting place for beasts! Everyone who passes by her will hiss And wave his hand in contempt.
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Zephaniah 2:15 NCV
This is the happy and safe city that thinks there is no one else as strong as it is. But what a ruin it will be, a place where wild animals live. All those who pass by will make fun and shake their fists.
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Zephaniah 2:15 NIRV
Nineveh is a carefree city. It lived in safety. It said to itself, "I am like a god. No one is greater than I am." But it has been destroyed. Wild animals make their home there. All those who pass by laugh and shake their fists at it.
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Zephaniah 2:15 NIV
This is the carefree city that lived in safety. She said to herself, "I am, and there is none besides me." What a ruin she has become, a lair for wild beasts! All who pass by her scoff and shake their fists.
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Zephaniah 2:15 NKJV
This is the rejoicing city That dwelt securely, That said in her heart, "I am it, and there is none besides me." How has she become a desolation, A place for beasts to lie down! Everyone who passes by her Shall hiss and shake his fist.
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Zephaniah 2:15 NLT
This is the fate of that boisterous city, once so secure. "In all the world there is no city as great as I," it boasted. But now, look how it has become an utter ruin, a place where animals live! Everyone passing that way will laugh in derision or shake a defiant fist.
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Zephaniah 2:15 NRS
Is this the exultant city that lived secure, that said to itself, "I am, and there is no one else"? What a desolation it has become, a lair for wild animals! Everyone who passes by it hisses and shakes the fist.
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Zephaniah 2:15 RSV
This is the exultant city that dwelt secure, that said to herself, "I am and there is none else." What a desolation she has become, a lair for wild beasts! Every one who passes by her hisses and shakes his fist.
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Zephaniah 2:15 DBY
This is the rejoicing city that dwelt in security, that said in her heart, I am, and there is none else beside me: how is she become a desolation, a couching-place for beasts! Every one that passeth by her shall hiss, shall wave his hand.
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Zephaniah 2:15 MSG
Can this be the famous Fun City that had it made, That boasted, "I'm the Number-One City! I'm King of the Mountain!" So why is the place deserted, a lair for wild animals? Passersby hardly give it a look; they dismiss it with a gesture.
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Zephaniah 2:15 WBT
This [is] the rejoicing city that dwelt in security, that said in her heart, I [am], and [there is] none besides me: how is she become a desolation, a place for beasts to lie down in! every one that passeth by her shall hiss, [and] wag his hand.
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Zephaniah 2:15 TMB
This is the rejoicing city that dwelt without care, that said in her heart, "I am, and there is none besides me." How she has become a desolation, a place for beasts to lie down in! Every one that passeth by her shall hiss and wag his hand.
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Zephaniah 2:15 TNIV
This is the city of revelry that lived in safety. She said to herself, "I am the one! And there is none besides me." What a ruin she has become, a lair for wild beasts! All who pass by her scoff and shake their fists.
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Zephaniah 2:15 WEB
This is the joyous city that lived carelessly, that said in her heart, "I am, and there is none besides me." How she has become a desolation, a place for animals to lie down in! Everyone who passes by her will hiss, and shake their fists.
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Zephaniah 2:15 WYC
This is the glorious city dwelling in trust, which said in her heart, I am, and there is none other more without me. How is it made unto desert, a couch of beast; each man that shall pass by it, shall hiss, and shall move his hand. (This is the glorious city living in false trust, which said in her heart, I am, and there is no other besides me. How it shall be made into a desert, or into a wilderness, yea, a den for beasts! Everyone who shall pass by it, shall hiss, and shall wave their hands, or shall shake their fists.)
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Zephaniah 2:15 YLT
This [is] the exulting city that is dwelling confidently, That is saying in her heart, `I [am], and beside me there is none,' How hath she been for a desolation, A crouching-place for beasts, Every one passing by her doth hiss, He doth shake his hand!
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Zephaniah 2 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 2

An exhortation to repentance. (1-3) Judgments upon other nations. (4-15)

Verses 1-3 The prophet calls to national repentance, as the only way to prevent national ruin. A nation not desiring, that has not desires toward God, is not desirous of his favour and grace, has no mind to repent and reform. Or, not desirable, not having any thing to recommend them to God; to whom God might justly say, Depart from me; but he says, Gather together to me that you may seek my face. We know what God's decree will bring against impenitent sinners, therefore it highly concerns all to repent in the accepted time. How careful should we all be to seek peace with God, before the Holy Spirit withdraws from us, or ceases to strive with us; before the day of grace is over, or the day of life; before our everlasting state is determined! Let the poor, despised, and afflicted, seek the Lord, and seek to understand and keep his commandments better, that they may be more humbled for their sins. The chief hope of deliverance from national judgments rests upon prayer.

Verses 4-15 Those are really in a woful condition who have the word of the Lord against them, for no word of his shall fall to the ground. God will restore his people to their rights, though long kept from them. It has been the common lot of God's people, in all ages, to be reproached and reviled. God shall be worshipped, not only by all Israel, and the strangers who join them, but by the heathen. Remote nations must be reckoned with for the wrongs done to God's people. The sufferings of the insolent and haughty in prosperity, are unpitied and unlamented. But all the desolations of flourishing nations will make way for the overturning Satan's kingdom. Let us improve our advantages, and expect the performance of every promise, praying that our Father's name may be hallowed every where, over all the earth.

Zephaniah 2 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 2

Zephaniah 2:1-15 . EXHORTATION TO REPENT BEFORE THE CHALDEAN INVADERS COME. DOOM OF JUDAH'S FOES, THE PHILISTINES, MOAB, AMMON, WITH THEIR IDOLS, AND ETHIOPIA AND ASSYRIA.

1. Gather yourselves--to a religious assembly, to avert the judgment by prayers ( Joel 2:16 ) [GROTIUS]. Or, so as not to be dissipated "as chaff" ( Zephaniah 2:2 ). The Hebrew is akin to a root meaning "chaff." Self-confidence and corrupt desires are the dissipation from which they are exhorted to gather themselves [CALVIN]. The foe otherwise, like the wind, will scatter you "as the chaff." Repentance is the gathering of themselves meant.
nation not desired--(Compare 2 Chronicles 21:20 ), that is, not desirable; unworthy of the grace or favor of God; and yet God so magnifies that grace as to be still solicitous for their safety, though they had destroyed themselves and forfeited all claims on His grace [CALVIN]. The Margin from Chaldee Version has, "not desirous," namely of returning to God. MAURER and GESENIUS translate, "Not waxing pale," that is, dead to shame. English Version is best.

2. Before the decree bring forth--that is, Before God's decree against you announced by me ( Zephaniah 1:1-18 ) have its fulfilment. As the embryo lies hid in the womb, and then emerges to light in its own due time, so though God for a time hides His vengeance, yet He brings it forth at the proper season.
before the day pass as the chaff--that is, before the day for repentance pass, and with it you, the ungodly, pass away as the chaff ( Job 21:18 , Psalms 1:4 ). M AURER puts it parenthetically, "the day (that is, time) passes as the chaff (that is, most quickly)." CALVIN, "before the decree bring forth" (the predicted vengeance), (then) the chaff (the Jews) shall pass in a day, that is, in a moment, though they thought that it would be long before they could be overthrown. English Version is best; the latter clause being explanatory of the former, and so the before being understood, not expressed.

3. As in Zephaniah 2:1 (compare Note, to humble themselves, so now he admonishes "the meek" to proceed in their right course, that so they may escape the general calamity ( Psalms 76:9 ). The meek bow themselves under God's chastisements to God's will, whereas the ungodly become only the more hardened by them.
Seek ye the Lord--in contrast to those that "sought not the Lord" ( Zephaniah 1:6 ). The meek are not to regard what the multitudes do, but seek God at once.
his judgment--that is, law. The true way of "seeking the Lord" is to "work judgment," not merely to be zealous about outward ordinances.
seek meekness--not perversely murmuring against God's dealings, but patiently submitting to them, and composedly waiting for deliverance.
it may be ye shall be hid--( Isaiah 26:20 , Amos 5:6 ). This phrase does not imply doubt of the deliverance of the godly, but expresses the difficulty of it, as well that the ungodly may see the certainty of their doom, as also that the faithful may value the more the grace of God in their case ( 1 Peter 4:17-19 ) [CALVIN]. Compare 2 Kings 25:12 .

4. For--He makes the punishment awaiting the neighboring states an argument why the ungodly should repent ( Zephaniah 2:1 ) and the godly persevere, namely, that so they may escape from the general calamity.
Gaza shall be forsaken--In the Hebrew there is a play of similar sounds, Gaza Gazubah; Gaza shall be forsaken, as its name implies. So the Hebrew of the next clause, Ekron teeakeer.
at the noonday--when on account of the heat Orientals usually sleep, and military operations are suspended ( 2 Samuel 4:5 ). Hence an attack at noon implies one sudden and unexpected ( Jeremiah 6:4 Jeremiah 6:5 , 15:8 ).
Ekron--Four cities of the Philistines are mentioned, whereas five was the normal number of their leading cities. Gath is omitted, being at this time under the Jews' dominion. David had subjugated it ( 1 Chronicles 18:1 ). Under Joram the Philistines almost regained it ( 2 Chronicles 21:16 ), but Uzziah ( 2 Chronicles 26:6 ) and Hezekiah ( 2 Kings 18:8 ) having conquered them, it remained under the Jews. Amos 1:6 , Zechariah 9:5 Zechariah 9:6 , Jeremiah 25:20 , similarly mention only four cities of the Philistines.

5. inhabitants of the seacoast--the Philistines dwelling on the strip of seacoast southwest of Canaan. Literally, the "cord" or "line" of sea (compare Jeremiah 47:7 , Ezekiel 25:16 ).
the Cherethites--the Cretans, a name applied to the Philistines as sprung from Crete ( Deuteronomy 2:23 , Jeremiah 47:4 , Amos 9:7 ). Philistine means "an emigrant."
Canaan . . . land of the Philistines--They occupied the southwest of Canaan ( Joshua 13:2 Joshua 13:3 ); a name which hints that they are doomed to the same destruction as the early occupants of the land.

6. dwellings and cottages for shepherds--rather, "dwellings with cisterns" (that is, water-tanks dug in the earth) for shepherds. Instead of a thick population and tillage, the region shall become a pasturage for nomad shepherds' flocks. The Hebrew for "dug cisterns," Ceroth, seems a play on sounds, alluding to their name Cherethites ( Zephaniah 2:5 ):Their land shall become what their national name implies, a land of cisterns. MAURER translates, "Feasts for shepherds' (flocks)," that is, one wide pasturage.

7. remnant of . . . Judah--those of the Jews who shall be left after the coming calamity, and who shall return from exile.
feed thereupon--namely, in the pastures of that seacoast region ( Zephaniah 2:6 ).
visit--in mercy ( Exodus 4:31 ).

8. I have heard--A seasonable consolation to Judah when wantonly assailed by Moab and Ammon with impunity: God saith, "I have heard it all, though I might seem to men not to have observed it because I did not immediately inflict punishment."
magnified themselves--acted haughtily, invading the territory of Judah ( Jeremiah 48:29 , 49:1 ; compare Zephaniah 2:10 , Psalms 35:26 , Obadiah 1:12 ).

9. the breeding of nettles--or, the overspreading of nettles, that is, a place overrun with them.
salt pits--found at the south of the Dead Sea. The water overflows in the spring, and salt is left by the evaporation. Salt land is barren ( Judges 9:45 , Psalms 107:34 , Margin).
possess them--that is, their land; in retribution for their having occupied Judah's land.

10. (Compare Zephaniah 2:8 ).
their pride--in antithesis to the meek ( Zephaniah 2:3 ).

11. famish--bring low by taking from the idols their former fame; as beasts are famished by their food being withheld. Also by destroying the kingdoms under the tutelage of idols ( Psalms 96:4 , Isaiah 46:1 ).
gods of the earth--who have their existence only on earth, not in heaven as the true God.
every one from his place--each in his own Gentile home, taught by the Jews in the true religion: not in Jerusalem alone shall men worship God, but everywhere ( Psalms 68:29 Psalms 68:30 , Malachi 1:11 , John 4:21 , 1 Corinthians 1:2 , 1 Timothy 2:8 ). It does not mean, as in Isaiah 2:2 , Micah 4:1 Micah 4:2 , Zechariah 8:22 , 14:16 that they shall come from their several places to Jerusalem to worship [MAURER].
all . . . isles of . . . heathen--that is, all the maritime regions, especially the west, now being fulfilled in the gathering in of the Gentiles to Messiah.

12. Fulfilled when Nebuchadnezzar (God's sword, Isaiah 10:5 ) conquered Egypt, with which Ethiopia was closely connected as its ally ( Jeremiah 46:2-9 , Ezekiel 30:5-9 ).
Ye--literally, "They." The third person expresses estrangement; while doomed before God's tribunal in the second person, they are spoken of in the third as aliens from God.

13. Here he passes suddenly to the north. Nineveh was destroyed by Cyaxares and Nabopolassar, 625 B.C. The Scythian hordes, by an inroad into Media and thence in the southwest of Asia (thought by many to be the forces described by Zephaniah, as the invaders of Judea, rather than the Chaldeans), for a while interrupted Cyaxares' operations; but he finally succeeded. Arbaces and Belesis previously subverted the Assyrian empire under Sardanapalus (that is, Pul?),877 B.C.

14. flocks--of sheep; answering to "beasts" in the parallel clause. Wide pastures for sheep and haunts for wild beasts shall be where once there was a teeming population (compare Zephaniah 2:6 ). MAURER, needlessly for the parallelism, makes it "flocks of savage animals."
beasts of the nations--that is, beasts of the earth ( Genesis 1:24 ). Not as ROSENMULLER, "all kinds of beasts that form a nation," that is, gregarious beasts ( Proverbs 30:25 Proverbs 30:26 ).
cormorant--rather, the "pelican" (so Psalms 102:6 , Isaiah 34:11 , Margin).
bittern--( Isaiah 14:23 ). MAURER translates, "the hedgehog"; HENDERSON, "the porcupine."
upper lintels--rather, "the capitals of her columns," namely, in her temples and palaces [MAURER]. Or, "on the pomegranate-like knops at the tops of the houses" [GROTIUS].
their voice shall sing in the windows--The desert-frequenting birds' "voice in the windows" implies desolation reigning in the upper parts of the palaces, answering to "desolation . . . in the thresholds," that is, in the lower.
he shall uncover the cedar work--laying the cedar wainscoting on the walls, and beams of the ceiling, bare to wind and rain, the roof being torn off, and the windows and doors broken through. All this is designed as a consolation to the Jews that they may bear their calamities patiently, knowing that God will avenge them.

15. Nothing then seemed more improbable than that the capital of so vast an empire, a city sixty miles in compass, with walls one hundred feet high, and so thick that three chariots could go abreast on them, and with fifteen hundred towers, should be so totally destroyed that its site is with difficulty discovered. Yet so it is, as the prophet foretold.
there is none beside me--This peculiar phrase, expressing self-gratulation as if peerless, is plainly adopted from Isaiah 47:8 . The later prophets, when the spirit of prophecy was on the verge of departing, leaned more on the predictions of their predecessors.
hiss--in astonishment at a desolation so great and sudden ( 1 Kings 9:8 ); also in derision ( Job 27:23 , Lamentations 2:15 , Ezekiel 27:36 ).