Luke 1:26-55

Jesus’ birth foretold

26 When Elizabeth was six months pregnant, God sent the angel Gabriel to Nazareth, a city in Galilee,
27 to a virgin who was engaged to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David's house. The virgin's name was Mary.
28 When the angel came to her, he said, "Rejoice, favored one! The Lord is with you!"
29 She was confused by these words and wondered what kind of greeting this might be.
30 The angel said, "Don't be afraid, Mary. God is honoring you.
31 Look! You will conceive and give birth to a son, and you will name him Jesus.
32 He will be great and he will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of David his father.
33 He will rule over Jacob's house forever, and there will be no end to his kingdom."
34 Then Mary said to the angel, "How will this happen since I haven't had sexual relations with a man?"
35 The angel replied, "The Holy Spirit will come over you and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. Therefore, the one who is to be born will be holy. He will be called God's Son.
36 Look, even in her old age, your relative Elizabeth has conceived a son. This woman who was labeled ‘unable to conceive' is now six months pregnant.
37 Nothing is impossible for God."
38 Then Mary said, "I am the Lord's servant. Let it be with me just as you have said." Then the angel left her.

Mary visits Elizabeth

39 Mary got up and hurried to a city in the Judean highlands.
40 She entered Zechariah's home and greeted Elizabeth.
41 When Elizabeth heard Mary's greeting, the child leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit.
42 With a loud voice she blurted out, "God has blessed you above all women, and he has blessed the child you carry.
43 Why do I have this honor, that the mother of my Lord should come to me?
44 As soon as I heard your greeting, the baby in my womb jumped for joy.
45 Happy is she who believed that the Lord would fulfill the promises he made to her."

Mary praises God

46 Mary said, "With all my heart I glorify the Lord!
47 In the depths of who I am I rejoice in God my savior.
48 He has looked with favor on the low status of his servant. Look! From now on, everyone will consider me highly favored
49 because the mighty one has done great things for me. Holy is his name.
50 He shows mercy to everyone, from one generation to the next, who honors him as God.
51 He has shown strength with his arm. He has scattered those with arrogant thoughts and proud inclinations.
52 He has pulled the powerful down from their thrones and lifted up the lowly.
53 He has filled the hungry with good things and sent the rich away empty-handed.
54 He has come to the aid of his servant Israel, remembering his mercy,
55 just as he promised to our ancestors, to Abraham and to Abraham's descendants forever."

Images for Luke 1:26-55

Luke 1:26-55 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO LUKE

The writer of this Gospel, Luke, has been, by some, thought, as Origen {a} relates, to be the same with Lucius, mentioned in Ro 16:21, but he seems rather to be, and without doubt is, Luke the beloved physician, who was a companion of the Apostle Paul in great part of his travels in the Gentile world: he came with him to Jerusalem, and from thence accompanied him to Rome, and continued with him when in prison, and was with him to the last; see Ac 16:10,11 \Col 4:14 2Ti 4:11 Phm 1:24\. Jerom {b}, and others, say, he was a physician of Antioch in Syria; where it may be the Apostle Paul met with him, and might be the happy instrument of his conversion; so that he seems to be, by nation, a Syrian, as Jerom {c} calls him. Grotius thinks his name is Roman, and that it is the contraction of Lucilius. It is not an Hebrew name, but might be in common use in Syria; for though the Jews reckon owqwl, "Lukus", among foreign names, yet say {d} a it was a very illustrious one, and well known to them, as it may well be thought to be if Syriac, the language being spoke by them: and many Jews lived in Syria, and particularly in Antioch. Some say that this Gospel was written by the advice, and assistance, and under the direction of the Apostle Paul, as the Gospel according to Mark was by that of Peter; though the following preface does not seem so well to accord with this. Eusebius says {e} that it was the sense of the ancients, that whenever the Apostle Paul makes mention of his Gospel, he intends this according to Luke. The time of the writing of it is not certain; some say it was written in the fifteenth year after the ascension of our Lord; others in the twenty second; and others in the twenty seventh. It is commonly thought to have been written after the Gospels of Matthew and Mark, according to the order in which it stands; but this is rejected by some learned men, who rather think that Luke wrote first of all: and indeed, there are some things in his preface which look as if there had not, as yet, been any authentic account published, at least which was come to the knowledge of this evangelist. The place where he wrote it is also uncertain. Jerom says {f}, he wrote it in the parts of Achaia, perhaps at Corinth: according to the titles prefixed to the Syriac and Persic versions, he wrote it in Alexandria: the former of these runs thus;

``the Gospel of Luke, the Evangelist, which he spake and published in Greek in Alexandria the great.''

And the latter thus;

``the Gospel of Luke, which he wrote in the Greek tongue in Alexandria of Egypt.''

However, it is agreed on all hands, that it is genuine, and of divine inspiration. Eusebius {g} relates, that it was affirmed by some, that this Gospel, together with those of Matthew and Mark, were brought to the Apostle John, who approved of them, and bore witness to the truth in them.

{a} In Rom. xvi. 21. {b} Catalog. Script. Eccles. sect. 17. fol. 91. Euseb. Eccl. Hist. l. 3. c. 4. {c} Praefat in Luc. {d} T. Bab. Gittin, fol. 11. 2. & Gloss. in ib. {e} Ubi supra. (Hist. Eccl. l. 3. c. 39.) {f} Praefat in Luc. {g} Eccl. Hist. l. 3. c. 24.

Luke 1:26-55 In-Context

24 Afterward, his wife Elizabeth became pregnant. She kept to herself for five months, saying,
25 "This is the Lord's doing. He has shown his favor to me by removing my disgrace among other people."
26 When Elizabeth was six months pregnant, God sent the angel Gabriel to Nazareth, a city in Galilee,
27 to a virgin who was engaged to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David's house. The virgin's name was Mary.
28 When the angel came to her, he said, "Rejoice, favored one! The Lord is with you!"
29 She was confused by these words and wondered what kind of greeting this might be.
30 The angel said, "Don't be afraid, Mary. God is honoring you.
31 Look! You will conceive and give birth to a son, and you will name him Jesus.
32 He will be great and he will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of David his father.
33 He will rule over Jacob's house forever, and there will be no end to his kingdom."
34 Then Mary said to the angel, "How will this happen since I haven't had sexual relations with a man?"
35 The angel replied, "The Holy Spirit will come over you and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. Therefore, the one who is to be born will be holy. He will be called God's Son.
36 Look, even in her old age, your relative Elizabeth has conceived a son. This woman who was labeled ‘unable to conceive' is now six months pregnant.
37 Nothing is impossible for God."
38 Then Mary said, "I am the Lord's servant. Let it be with me just as you have said." Then the angel left her.
39 Mary got up and hurried to a city in the Judean highlands.
40 She entered Zechariah's home and greeted Elizabeth.
41 When Elizabeth heard Mary's greeting, the child leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit.
42 With a loud voice she blurted out, "God has blessed you above all women, and he has blessed the child you carry.
43 Why do I have this honor, that the mother of my Lord should come to me?
44 As soon as I heard your greeting, the baby in my womb jumped for joy.
45 Happy is she who believed that the Lord would fulfill the promises he made to her."
46 Mary said, "With all my heart I glorify the Lord!
47 In the depths of who I am I rejoice in God my savior.
48 He has looked with favor on the low status of his servant. Look! From now on, everyone will consider me highly favored
49 because the mighty one has done great things for me. Holy is his name.
50 He shows mercy to everyone, from one generation to the next, who honors him as God.
51 He has shown strength with his arm. He has scattered those with arrogant thoughts and proud inclinations.
52 He has pulled the powerful down from their thrones and lifted up the lowly.
53 He has filled the hungry with good things and sent the rich away empty-handed.
54 He has come to the aid of his servant Israel, remembering his mercy,
55 just as he promised to our ancestors, to Abraham and to Abraham's descendants forever."
56 Mary stayed with Elizabeth about three months, and then returned to her home.
57 When the time came for Elizabeth to have her child, she gave birth to a boy.