2 Kings 23:31-35

Jehoahaz's Reign and Captivity

31 1Jehoahaz was twenty-three years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. His mother's name was 2Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.
32 And he did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, 3according to all that his fathers had done.
33 And 4Pharaoh Neco put him in bonds at 5Riblah in the land of 6Hamath, that he might not reign in Jerusalem, and laid on the land a tribute of a hundred talents[a] of silver and a talent of gold.
34 And 7Pharaoh Neco made Eliakim the son of Josiah king in the place of Josiah his father, and 8changed his name to Jehoiakim. But he took Jehoahaz away, 9and he came to Egypt and died there.
35 And Jehoiakim 10gave the silver and the gold to Pharaoh, but he taxed the land to give the money according to the command of Pharaoh. He exacted the silver and the gold of the people of the land, from everyone according to his assessment, to give it to Pharaoh Neco.

2 Kings 23:31-35 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO 2 KINGS 23

This chapter treats of Josiah's reading the book of the law, and of him and the people renewing the covenant with God, 2Ki 23:1-3, and of his removing idols and idolatry in every shape, and witchcraft, out of the land, which he did in the sincerity of his heart, 2Ki 23:4-25, yet the wrath of God was still determined upon the land, 2Ki 23:26-28 and Josiah was taken away by an untimely death, 2Ki 23:29,30 and was succeeded by two sons of his, one after another, whose reigns were wicked, 2Ki 23:31-37.

2 Kings 23:31-35 In-Context

29 In his days Pharaoh Neco king of Egypt went up to the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates. King Josiah went to meet him, and Pharaoh Neco killed him at Megiddo, as soon as he saw him.
30 And his servants carried him dead in a chariot from Megiddo and brought him to Jerusalem and buried him in his own tomb. And the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and anointed him, and made him king in his father's place.
31 Jehoahaz was twenty-three years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.
32 And he did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his fathers had done.
33 And Pharaoh Neco put him in bonds at Riblah in the land of Hamath, that he might not reign in Jerusalem, and laid on the land a tribute of a hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold.
34 And Pharaoh Neco made Eliakim the son of Josiah king in the place of Josiah his father, and changed his name to Jehoiakim. But he took Jehoahaz away, and he came to Egypt and died there.
35 And Jehoiakim gave the silver and the gold to Pharaoh, but he taxed the land to give the money according to the command of Pharaoh. He exacted the silver and the gold of the people of the land, from everyone according to his assessment, to give it to Pharaoh Neco.
36 Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Zebidah the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah
37 And he did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his fathers had done.

Cross References 10

  • 1. [1 Chronicles 3:15; Jeremiah 22:11]
  • 2. 2 Kings 24:18
  • 3. [2 Kings 24:9, 19]
  • 4. [See ver. 29 above]
  • 5. 2 Kings 25:6, 20, 21; Jeremiah 39:5, 6; Jeremiah 52:9, 10, 26, 27
  • 6. See 1 Kings 8:65
  • 7. [See ver. 29 above]
  • 8. [2 Kings 24:17; Daniel 1:7]
  • 9. Jeremiah 22:11, 12; [Ezekiel 19:3, 4]
  • 10. ver. 33

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. A talent was about 75 pounds or 34 kilograms
The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.