Hebrews 2:10-18

10 For it 1was fitting that he, 2for whom and by whom all things exist, in bringing many sons 3to glory, should make the 4founder of their salvation 5perfect through suffering.
11 For 6he who sanctifies and 7those who are sanctified 8all have one source.[a] That is why he is not ashamed to call them 9brothers,[b]
12 saying, 10"I will tell of your name to my brothers; in the midst of the 11congregation I will sing your praise."
13 And again, 12"I will put my trust in him."And again, 13"Behold, I and the children 14God has given me."
14 Since therefore the children share in flesh and blood, he himself likewise 15partook of the same things, that 16through death he might 17destroy 18the one who has the power of death, that is, the devil,
15 and deliver all those who 19through fear of death were subject to lifelong slavery.
16 For surely it is not angels that he helps, but he 20helps the offspring of Abraham.
17 Therefore he had 21to be made like his brothers in every respect, 22so that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest 23in the service of God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people.
18 For because he himself has suffered 24when tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted.

Hebrews 2:10-18 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO HEBREWS 2

In this chapter the apostle, from the superior excellency of Christ, by whom the Gospel revelation is come, discoursed of in the preceding, urges the believers he writes to, to a more diligent attention to the Gospel, and the doctrines of it; to which he adds another motive inducing thereunto, lest those things should be let slip, and be lost, Heb 2:1 and then, by another argument from the less to the greater, that if the law, which was given by angels, could not be broken with impunity, then how should such escape divine punishment that neglected and despised the Gospel, which is a doctrine of salvation, was delivered by the Lord himself, and confirmed by various testimonies and miracles, Heb 2:2-4. And besides the Gospel dispensation is not put into the hands of angels, but into the hands of Christ, to whom all things are subject, which is proved out of Ps 8:4-6 and which proof shows, that though Christ, on account of his sufferings and death, was for a while made lower than the angels, yet being now crowned with glory and honour, he is above them, and they are subject to him, since all things are, Heb 2:5-9. And this anticipates an objection that might be taken from hence against what the apostle had asserted in the foregoing chapter, concerning the superiority of Christ to angels; and this leads him on to observe the reason of the sufferings and death of Christ, and also of his incarnation; that the moving cause of Christ's sufferings and death was the grace and good will of God; that he did not suffer for himself, but for others, for everyone of those described in the context; that inasmuch as he was the surety of those persons, it was agreeable to the justice of God, and it could not be otherwise, but he must be made perfect through suffering; and this was the way to bring many sons to glory, Heb 2:9,10 and as for his incarnation, or his becoming man, that was necessary, that the sanctifier and the sanctified might be of the same nature, that he might be able to call them brethren and children, Heb 2:11-13 as he does, for which are cited \Ps 22:22 18:2 Isa 8:18\ and because the children he engaged to bring to glory were partakers of flesh and blood; and also that he might be capable of dying, and by dying destroy the devil, and deliver his timorous people, who, through fear of death, lived in a continual state of bondage, Heb 2:14,15 for which reason he did not take upon him the nature of angels, but of the seed of Abraham, Heb 2:16 And besides, it was necessary he should be in all things like unto his brethren, that he might be merciful to them, and faithful to God, and be in a state and condition capable of sympathizing with them, and succouring them under their temptations, which he was able to do by suffering through temptation himself, Heb 2:17,18.

Hebrews 2:10-18 In-Context

8 putting everything in subjection under his feet."Now in putting everything in subjection to him, he left nothing outside his control. At present, we do not yet see everything in subjection to him.
9 But we see him who for a little while was made lower than the angels, namely Jesus, crowned with glory and honor because of the suffering of death, so that by the grace of God he might taste death for everyone.
10 For it was fitting that he, for whom and by whom all things exist, in bringing many sons to glory, should make the founder of their salvation perfect through suffering.
11 For he who sanctifies and those who are sanctified all have one source. That is why he is not ashamed to call them brothers,
12 saying, "I will tell of your name to my brothers; in the midst of the congregation I will sing your praise."
13 And again, "I will put my trust in him."And again, "Behold, I and the children God has given me."
14 Since therefore the children share in flesh and blood, he himself likewise partook of the same things, that through death he might destroy the one who has the power of death, that is, the devil,
15 and deliver all those who through fear of death were subject to lifelong slavery.
16 For surely it is not angels that he helps, but he helps the offspring of Abraham.
17 Therefore he had to be made like his brothers in every respect, so that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in the service of God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people.
18 For because he himself has suffered when tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted.

Cross References 24

  • 1. [Luke 24:26]
  • 2. Romans 11:36
  • 3. [Hebrews 3:1; Romans 8:30]
  • 4. [Hebrews 5:9]
  • 5. Hebrews 5:9; Hebrews 7:28; Luke 13:32; [Philippians 3:12]
  • 6. Hebrews 13:12
  • 7. Hebrews 10:10, 14, 29
  • 8. Acts 17:28
  • 9. Matthew 25:40
  • 10. Cited from Psalms 22:22
  • 11. Hebrews 12:23
  • 12. [Psalms 18:2; Isaiah 8:17; Isaiah 12:2]
  • 13. Cited from Isaiah 8:18
  • 14. See John 17:2
  • 15. See John 1:14
  • 16. See 1 Corinthians 15:54-56
  • 17. [Colossians 2:15; 2 Timothy 1:10]
  • 18. 1 John 3:8; [John 16:11]
  • 19. See Romans 8:15
  • 20. Isaiah 41:8, 9; [Hebrews 8:9]
  • 21. Philippians 2:7
  • 22. Hebrews 4:15, 16; [Hebrews 5:2, 7, 8]
  • 23. Hebrews 5:1; Romans 15:17
  • 24. Hebrews 4:15; Luke 22:28

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. Greek all are of one
  • [b]. Or brothers and sisters. The plural Greek word adelphoi (translated "brothers") refers to siblings in a family. In New Testament usage, depending on the context, adelphoi may refer either to men or to both men and women who are siblings (brothers and sisters) in God's family, the church; also verse 12
The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.