Isaiah 53:1-12

1 Who has believed our message and to whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed?
2 He grew up before him like a tender shoot, and like a root out of dry ground. He had no beauty or majesty to attract us to him, nothing in his appearance that we should desire him.
3 He was despised and rejected by mankind, a man of suffering, and familiar with pain. Like one from whom people hide their faces he was despised, and we held him in low esteem.
4 Surely he took up our pain and bore our suffering, yet we considered him punished by God, stricken by him, and afflicted.
5 But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was on him, and by his wounds we are healed.
6 We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to our own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all.
7 He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before its shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth.
8 By oppression[a] and judgment he was taken away. Yet who of his generation protested? For he was cut off from the land of the living; for the transgression of my people he was punished.[b]
9 He was assigned a grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death, though he had done no violence, nor was any deceit in his mouth.
10 Yet it was the LORD’s will to crush him and cause him to suffer, and though the LORD makes[c] his life an offering for sin, he will see his offspring and prolong his days, and the will of the LORD will prosper in his hand.
11 After he has suffered, he will see the light of life[d] and be satisfied[e] ; by his knowledge[f] my righteous servant will justify many, and he will bear their iniquities.
12 Therefore I will give him a portion among the great,[g]and he will divide the spoils with the strong,[h]because he poured out his life unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors. For he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

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Isaiah 53:1 in Other Translations

KJV
1 Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the LORD revealed?
ESV
1 Who has believed what he has heard from us? And to whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed?
NLT
1 Who has believed our message? To whom has the LORD revealed his powerful arm?
MSG
1 Who believes what we've heard and seen? Who would have thought God's saving power would look like this?
CSB
1 Who has believed what we have heard? And who has the arm of the Lord been revealed to?

Isaiah 53:1-12 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO ISAIAH 53

This chapter treats of the mean appearance of Christ in human nature, his sufferings in it, and the glory that should follow. It begins with a complaint of the small number of those that believed the report concerning him, the power of God not being exerted, Isa 53:1, the reason of this general disbelief was the meanness of his outward circumstances, and the want of comeliness in him; hence he was treated with general neglect and contempt, Isa 52:2,3 was the more unkind and ungenerous, since it was the griefs and sorrows of others he bore, and their sins also, for which he was wounded and bruised, that they might have healing, Isa 53:4-6, yet he took and bore all patiently, like a lamb at the slaughter, and the sheep under the shearer, Isa 53:7, which was the more extraordinary, since he was used, both in life and at death, in so rigorous and barbarous a manner, and all for the sins of others, having been guilty of none himself, Isa 53:8,9, and, what is most amazing, the Lord himself had a hand in grieving and bruising him, Isa 53:10, though for his encouragement, and a reward to him, as man and Mediator, for all his sufferings, it is intimated that he should succeed and prosper, have a numerous issue, should justify many, and have a portion and spoil divided with the great and mighty, Isa 53:10-12.

Isaiah 53:1-12 In-Context

1 Who has believed our message and to whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed?
2 He grew up before him like a tender shoot, and like a root out of dry ground. He had no beauty or majesty to attract us to him, nothing in his appearance that we should desire him.
3 He was despised and rejected by mankind, a man of suffering, and familiar with pain. Like one from whom people hide their faces he was despised, and we held him in low esteem.
4 Surely he took up our pain and bore our suffering, yet we considered him punished by God, stricken by him, and afflicted.
5 But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was on him, and by his wounds we are healed.
6 We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to our own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all.
7 He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before its shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth.
8 By oppression and judgment he was taken away. Yet who of his generation protested? For he was cut off from the land of the living; for the transgression of my people he was punished.
9 He was assigned a grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death, though he had done no violence, nor was any deceit in his mouth.
10 Yet it was the LORD’s will to crush him and cause him to suffer, and though the LORD makes his life an offering for sin, he will see his offspring and prolong his days, and the will of the LORD will prosper in his hand.
11 After he has suffered, he will see the light of life and be satisfied ; by his knowledge my righteous servant will justify many, and he will bear their iniquities.
12 Therefore I will give him a portion among the great,and he will divide the spoils with the strong,because he poured out his life unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors. For he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

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Cross References 52

  • 1. S Isaiah 28:9; Romans 10:16*
  • 2. S Psalms 98:1; S Isaiah 30:30
  • 3. John 12:38*
  • 4. S 2 Kings 19:26; S Job 14:7; S Isaiah 4:2
  • 5. S Isaiah 11:10
  • 6. Isaiah 52:14
  • 7. Psalms 69:29
  • 8. ver 4,10; S Exodus 1:10; S Matthew 16:21; Luke 18:31-33; Hebrews 5:8
  • 9. S Deuteronomy 31:17; Isaiah 1:15
  • 10. S 1 Samuel 2:30; S Psalms 22:6; Matthew 27:29; John 1:10-11
  • 11. Matthew 8:17*
  • 12. S Deuteronomy 5:24; S Job 4:5; Jeremiah 23:5-6; Jeremiah 25:34; Ezekiel 34:23-24; Micah 5:2-4; Zechariah 13:7; John 19:7
  • 13. S ver 3; S Genesis 12:17; S Ruth 1:21
  • 14. S Psalms 22:16
  • 15. S Exodus 28:38; S Psalms 39:8; S John 3:17; Romans 4:25; 1 Corinthians 15:3; Hebrews 9:28
  • 16. Psalms 34:18
  • 17. S Isaiah 50:6
  • 18. S Isaiah 9:6; Romans 5:1
  • 19. Isaiah 1:6; Matthew 27:26; John 19:1
  • 20. S Deuteronomy 32:39; S 2 Chronicles 7:14; 1 Peter 2:24-25
  • 21. S Psalms 95:10; 1 Peter 2:24-25
  • 22. S 1 Samuel 8:3; Isaiah 56:11; Isaiah 57:17; Micah 3:5
  • 23. ver 12; S Exodus 28:38; Romans 4:25
  • 24. Isaiah 49:26
  • 25. S Mark 14:61; 1 Peter 2:23
  • 26. Matthew 27:31; S John 1:29
  • 27. S Psalms 44:22
  • 28. Mark 14:49
  • 29. Psalms 88:5; Daniel 9:26; Acts 8:32-33*
  • 30. ver 12; S Psalms 39:8
  • 31. Matthew 27:38; Mark 15:27; Luke 23:32; John 19:18
  • 32. Matthew 27:57-60; Mark 15:43-46; Luke 23:50-53; John 19:38-41
  • 33. Isaiah 42:1-3
  • 34. S Job 16:17; 1 Peter 2:22*; 1 John 3:5; Revelation 14:5
  • 35. Isaiah 46:10; Isaiah 55:11; Acts 2:23
  • 36. ver 5
  • 37. S ver 3; S Genesis 12:17
  • 38. S Leviticus 5:15; John 3:17
  • 39. S Psalms 22:30
  • 40. S Joshua 1:8; S Isaiah 49:4
  • 41. John 10:14-18
  • 42. S Job 33:30
  • 43. S Isaiah 20:3; Acts 7:52
  • 44. S Isaiah 6:7; John 1:29; Acts 10:43; S Romans 4:25; Romans 5:18-19
  • 45. S Exodus 28:38
  • 46. S Isaiah 6:1; S Philippians 2:9
  • 47. S Exodus 15:9; S Psalms 119:162; Luke 11:22
  • 48. Mt 26:28,38,39,42
  • 49. Matthew 27:38; Mark 15:27*; Luke 22:37*; Luke 23:32
  • 50. S ver 6; 1 Peter 2:24
  • 51. Hebrews 9:28
  • 52. Isaiah 59:16; S Romans 8:34

Footnotes 8

  • [a]. Or "From arrest"
  • [b]. Or "generation considered" / "that he was cut off from the land of the living," / "that he was punished for the transgression of my people?"
  • [c]. Hebrew "though you make"
  • [d]. Dead Sea Scrolls (see also Septuagint); Masoretic Text does not have "the light of life."
  • [e]. Or (with Masoretic Text) 11"He will see the fruit of his suffering" / "and will be satisfied"
  • [f]. Or "by knowledge of him"
  • [g]. Or "many"
  • [h]. Or "numerous"
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