Genesis 17:1-2

Abraham and the Covenant of Circumcision

1 Now when Abram was ninety-nine * years old, 1the LORD appeared to Abram and said to him, "I am God 2Almighty; Walk before Me, and be 3blameless.
2 "I will establish My 4covenant between Me and you, And I will 5multiply you exceedingly."

Genesis 17:1-2 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO GENESIS 17

This chapter treats of a covenant made with Abram, sometimes called the covenant of circumcision, the time when God appeared to him, and promised to make it, and did, Ge 17:1-3; the particulars of it, both with respect to himself, whose name was now changed, and to his posterity, Ge 17:4-8; the token of it, circumcision, the time of its performance, and the persons obliged to it, Ge 17:9-14; the change of Sarai's name, and a promise made that she should have a son, to the great surprise of Abraham, Ge 17:15-17; a prayer of his for Ishmael, and the answer to it, with a confirmation of Sarah's having a son, whose name should be called Isaac, and the establishment of the covenant with him, Ge 17:18-22; and the chapter is closed with an account of the circumcision of Abraham, and all his family of the male sort, agreeably to the command of God, Ge 17:23-27.

Genesis 17:1-2 In-Context

1 Now when Abram was ninety-nine years old, the LORD appeared to Abram and said to him, "I am God Almighty; Walk before Me, and be blameless.
2 "I will establish My covenant between Me and you, And I will multiply you exceedingly."
3 Abram fell on his face, and God talked with him, saying,
4 "As for Me, behold, My covenant is with you, And you will be the father of a multitude of nations.
5 "No longer shall your name be called Abram, But your name shall be Abraham; For I will make you the father of a multitude of nations.
6 "I will make you exceedingly fruitful, and I will make nations of you, and kings will come forth from you.

Cross References 5

  • 1. Genesis 12:7; Genesis 18:1
  • 2. Genesis 28:3; Genesis 35:11
  • 3. Genesis 6:9; Deuteronomy 18:13
  • 4. Genesis 15:18
  • 5. Genesis 13:16; Genesis 15:5

Footnotes 3

  • [a]. Heb "El Shaddai"
  • [b]. Lit "complete, perfect;" or "having integrity"
  • [c]. Lit "give"
New American Standard Bible Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, California.  All rights reserved.