Job 16:19-21

19 "Even now, behold, 1my witness is in heaven, And my advocate is 2on high.
20 "My friends are my scoffers; 3My eye weeps to God.
21 "O that a man might plead with God As a man * with his neighbor!

Job 16:19-21 Meaning and Commentary


This chapter and the following contain Job's reply to the preceding discourse of Eliphaz, in which he complains of the conversation of his friends, as unprofitable, uncomfortable, vain, empty, and without any foundation, Job 16:1-3; and intimates that were they in his case and circumstances, tie should behave in another manner towards them, not mock at them, but comfort them, Job 16:4,5; though such was his unhappy case, that, whether he spoke or was silent, it was much the same; there was no alloy to his grief, Job 16:6; wherefore he turns himself to God, and speaks to him, and of what he had done to him, both to his family, and to himself; which things, as they proved the reality of his afflictions, were used by his friends as witnesses against him, Job 16:7,8; and then enters upon a detail of his troubles, both at the hands of God and man, in order to move the divine compassion, and the pity of his friends, Job 16:9-14; which occasioned him great sorrow and distress, Job 16:15,16; yet asserts his own innocence, and appeals to God for the truth of it, Job 16:17-19; and applies to him, and wishes his cause was pleaded with him, Job 16:20,21; and concludes with the sense he had of the shortness of his life, Job 16:22; which sentiment is enlarged upon in the following chapter.

Job 16:19-21 In-Context

17 Although there is no violence in my hands, And my prayer is pure.
18 "O earth, do not cover my blood, And let there be no resting place for my cry.
19 "Even now, behold, my witness is in heaven, And my advocate is on high.
20 "My friends are my scoffers; My eye weeps to God.
21 "O that a man might plead with God As a man with his neighbor!
22 "For when a few years are past, I shall go the way of no return.

Cross References 3

  • 1. Genesis 31:50; Job 19:25-27; Romans 1:9; Philippians 1:8; 1 Thessalonians 2:5
  • 2. Job 31:2
  • 3. Job 17:7

Footnotes 2

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