Psalms 23:4-5

4 Even though I 1walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I 2fear no evil, for 3You are with me; Your 4rod and Your staff, they comfort me
5 You 5prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; You have 6anointed my head with oil; My 7cup overflows.

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Psalms 23:4-5 Meaning and Commentary


\\<>\\. Thus psalm was written by David, either when he was in distressed circumstances, being persecuted by Saul, and was in the forest of Hareth, 1Sa 22:5; as some think {r}; wherefore he comforts himself with the Lord's being his shepherd, so that he should not want; nor would he fear, was he in worse circumstances than he at present was; or rather, when he was settled upon the throne of Israel, and in the most prosperous and flourishing state of his reign, as the latter part of the psalm shows; he speaks not in his own person only, but in the name of all believers; for Christ, who is the shepherd spoken of, is a common shepherd to all the saints, who are all the sheep of his pasture, as well as David; and the prophet here makes use of similes very familiar with him; he having been a shepherd himself, and knew what it was to do all the parts of that office, which are herein expressed; and very pertinently does this psalm follow the former; for as there Christ is prophesied of as laying down his life for the sheep, as the good shepherd does; and of his being brought again from the dead, as the great shepherd of the sheep, as Christ has been; so here of his performing his office as such, in all its parts, to the great comfort, refreshment, and safety of his people. {r} Jarchi & Kimchi.

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Cross References 7

  • 1. Job 10:21, 22; Psalms 107:14
  • 2. Psalms 3:6; Psalms 27:1
  • 3. Psalms 16:8; Isaiah 43:2
  • 4. Micah 7:14
  • 5. Psalms 78:19
  • 6. Psalms 92:10; Luke 7:46
  • 7. Psalms 16:5

Footnotes 3

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