This is the account of the family of Ishmael, the son of Abraham through Hagar, Sarah’s Egyptian servant.
Here is a list, by their names and clans, of Ishmael’s descendants: The oldest was Nebaioth, followed by Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam,
Mishma, Dumah, Massa,
Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah.
These twelve sons of Ishmael became the founders of twelve tribes named after them, listed according to the places they settled and camped.
Ishmael lived for 137 years. Then he breathed his last and joined his ancestors in death.
Ishmael’s descendants occupied the region from Havilah to Shur, which is east of Egypt in the direction of Asshur. There they lived in open hostility toward all their relatives.