Psalms 119:97-120

97 Oh, how I love your law! I meditate on it all day long.
98 Your commands are always with me and make me wiser than my enemies.
99 I have more insight than all my teachers, for I meditate on your statutes.
100 I have more understanding than the elders, for I obey your precepts.
101 I have kept my feet from every evil path so that I might obey your word.
102 I have not departed from your laws, for you yourself have taught me.
103 How sweet are your words to my taste, sweeter than honey to my mouth!
104 I gain understanding from your precepts; therefore I hate every wrong path.
105 Your word is a lamp for my feet, a light on my path.
106 I have taken an oath and confirmed it, that I will follow your righteous laws.
107 I have suffered much; preserve my life, LORD, according to your word.
108 Accept, LORD, the willing praise of my mouth, and teach me your laws.
109 Though I constantly take my life in my hands, I will not forget your law.
110 The wicked have set a snare for me, but I have not strayed from your precepts.
111 Your statutes are my heritage forever; they are the joy of my heart.
112 My heart is set on keeping your decrees to the very end.[a]
113 I hate double-minded people, but I love your law.
114 You are my refuge and my shield; I have put my hope in your word.
115 Away from me, you evildoers, that I may keep the commands of my God!
116 Sustain me, my God, according to your promise, and I will live; do not let my hopes be dashed.
117 Uphold me, and I will be delivered; I will always have regard for your decrees.
118 You reject all who stray from your decrees, for their delusions come to nothing.
119 All the wicked of the earth you discard like dross; therefore I love your statutes.
120 My flesh trembles in fear of you; I stand in awe of your laws.

Images for Psalms 119:97-120

Psalms 119:97-120 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO PSALM 119

This psalm is generally thought to be written by David, but when is uncertain; very probably towards the decline of life; and, as some think, for the sake or his son Solomon. It seems to be a collection of observations on the word of God and its precepts, the usefulness and excellency of it, he had made in the course of his life; interspersed with various petitions for the grace of God, to enable him to observe it. The psalm is a very extraordinary one; partly on account of the unusual length of it, it being more than double the length of the longest psalm in the whole book; and partly on account of its curious composition. It consists of twenty two parts, according to the number of the letters in the Hebrew alphabet; the names of which letters stand between each part; and every part consists of eight verses, all of which begin with the same letter: thus, for instance, the first eight verses begin with the letter a, "aleph", and the second eight verses begin with the letter b, "beth", and so on throughout; hence the Masorah calls this psalm the Great Alphabet. This the psalmist did, perhaps to excite attention to what he said, and also to help the memory. And it is observable that there are very few verses in the whole, not more than one or two, but what has something in it concerning the word of God, and its precepts and ordinances; there are nine or ten different words used relative to it, which signify much one and the same thing; as laws, statutes, judgments, testimonies Luther {m} observes, that neither Cicero, nor Virgil, nor Demosthenes, are to be compared with David for eloquence, as we see in the hundred nineteenth Psalm, where he divideth one sense and meaning into twenty two sorts. And it may also be remarked, that there is nothing in it concerning the tabernacle worship, or the rites and ceremonies of the legal dispensation; so that it seems to be calculated for, and is suited to, the word of God, and the ordinances of it, as we now have them in their full perfection: and the design of the whole is to show the fervent affection the psalmist had for the word of God, and to stir up the same in others.

{m} Mensal. Colloqu. c. 32. p. 365.

a, \\ALEPH.--The First Part\\.

Psalms 119:97-120 In-Context

95 The wicked are waiting to destroy me, but I will ponder your statutes.
96 To all perfection I see a limit, but your commands are boundless.
97 Oh, how I love your law! I meditate on it all day long.
98 Your commands are always with me and make me wiser than my enemies.
99 I have more insight than all my teachers, for I meditate on your statutes.
100 I have more understanding than the elders, for I obey your precepts.
101 I have kept my feet from every evil path so that I might obey your word.
102 I have not departed from your laws, for you yourself have taught me.
103 How sweet are your words to my taste, sweeter than honey to my mouth!
104 I gain understanding from your precepts; therefore I hate every wrong path.
105 Your word is a lamp for my feet, a light on my path.
106 I have taken an oath and confirmed it, that I will follow your righteous laws.
107 I have suffered much; preserve my life, LORD, according to your word.
108 Accept, LORD, the willing praise of my mouth, and teach me your laws.
109 Though I constantly take my life in my hands, I will not forget your law.
110 The wicked have set a snare for me, but I have not strayed from your precepts.
111 Your statutes are my heritage forever; they are the joy of my heart.
112 My heart is set on keeping your decrees to the very end.
113 I hate double-minded people, but I love your law.
114 You are my refuge and my shield; I have put my hope in your word.
115 Away from me, you evildoers, that I may keep the commands of my God!
116 Sustain me, my God, according to your promise, and I will live; do not let my hopes be dashed.
117 Uphold me, and I will be delivered; I will always have regard for your decrees.
118 You reject all who stray from your decrees, for their delusions come to nothing.
119 All the wicked of the earth you discard like dross; therefore I love your statutes.
120 My flesh trembles in fear of you; I stand in awe of your laws.
121 I have done what is righteous and just; do not leave me to my oppressors.
122 Ensure your servant’s well-being; do not let the arrogant oppress me.

Cross References 44

  • 1. S ver 47
  • 2. S ver 15; Psalms 1:2
  • 3. ver 130; S Deuteronomy 4:6; Psalms 19:7; 2 Timothy 3:15
  • 4. ver 15
  • 5. S ver 56; S Deuteronomy 6:17; Job 32:7-9
  • 6. Proverbs 1:15
  • 7. S ver 57
  • 8. S Deuteronomy 17:20
  • 9. S Deuteronomy 4:5
  • 10. S Psalms 19:10; Proverbs 8:11
  • 11. Proverbs 24:13-14
  • 12. S Psalms 111:10
  • 13. ver 128
  • 14. Proverbs 20:27; 2 Peter 1:19
  • 15. ver 130; Proverbs 6:23
  • 16. S Nehemiah 10:29
  • 17. ver 7
  • 18. S ver 25
  • 19. Psalms 51:15; Psalms 63:5; Psalms 71:8; Psalms 109:30; Hosea 14:2; Hebrews 13:15
  • 20. S ver 64
  • 21. S Judges 12:3; Job 13:14
  • 22. S ver 61
  • 23. Psalms 25:15; S Psalms 64:5; Isaiah 8:14; Amos 3:5; Psalms 140:5; Psalms 141:9
  • 24. ver 10
  • 25. ver 14,162
  • 26. S Psalms 108:1
  • 27. ver 33
  • 28. S 1 Kings 18:21; James 1:8; James 4:8
  • 29. ver 47
  • 30. S Genesis 15:1; S Psalms 18:2; Psalms 32:7; Psalms 91:1
  • 31. S ver 43; ver 74
  • 32. S Psalms 6:8; Psalms 139:19; Matthew 7:23
  • 33. S Psalms 18:35; Psalms 41:3; Psalms 55:22; Isaiah 46:4; Psalms 54:4
  • 34. S ver 41
  • 35. Psalms 25:2; Romans 5:5; Romans 9:33
  • 36. Isaiah 41:10; Isaiah 46:4
  • 37. Psalms 34:4
  • 38. ver 6
  • 39. S ver 10
  • 40. Isaiah 1:22,25; Ezekiel 22:18,19
  • 41. ver 47
  • 42. S Job 4:14; S Isaiah 64:2; Habakkuk 3:16
  • 43. S Joshua 24:14
  • 44. Jeremiah 10:7; Habakkuk 3:2

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Or "decrees / for their enduring reward"