Psalms 42:3-6

3 My tears have been my food day and night, while people say to me all day long, “Where is your God?”
4 These things I remember as I pour out my soul: how I used to go to the house of God under the protection of the Mighty One[a]with shouts of joy and praise among the festive throng.
5 Why, my soul, are you downcast? Why so disturbed within me? Put your hope in God, for I will yet praise him, my Savior and my God.
6 My soul is downcast within me; therefore I will remember you from the land of the Jordan, the heights of Hermon—from Mount Mizar.

Images for Psalms 42:3-6

Psalms 42:3-6 Meaning and Commentary

To the chief Musician, Maschil, for the sons of Korah. Of the word "Maschil," See Gill on "Ps 32:1," title. Korah was he who was at the head of a conspiracy against Moses and Aaron, for which sin the earth opened its mouth, and swallowed alive him and his company, and fire devoured two hundred and fifty more; the history of which is recorded in Numbers 16:1; yet all his posterity were not cut off, Numbers 26:11; some were in David's time porters, or keepers of the gates of the tabernacle, and some were singers; see 1 Chronicles 6:33; and to the chief musician was this psalm directed for them to sing, for they were not the authors of it, as some {b} have thought; but most probably David himself composed it; and it seems to have been written by him, not as representing the captives in Babylon, as Theodoret, but on his own account, when he was persecuted by Saul, and driven out by men from abiding in the Lord's inheritance, and was in a strange land among the Heathen, where he was reproached by them; and everything in this psalm agrees with his state and condition; or rather when he fled from his son Absalom, and was in those parts beyond Jordan, mentioned in this psalm; see 2 Samuel 17:24; so the Syriac inscription, the song which David sung in the time of his persecution, desiring to return to Jerusalem.

{b} So R. Moses in Muis, Gussetius, Ebr. Comment. p. 918, & others.

Cross References 16

  • 1. S Job 3:24; Psalms 80:5
  • 2. ver 10; Psalms 79:10; Psalms 115:2; Joel 2:17; Micah 7:10
  • 3. S 1 Samuel 1:15
  • 4. Psalms 55:14; Psalms 122:1; Isaiah 2:2; Isaiah 30:29
  • 5. S Ezra 3:13
  • 6. S Joshua 6:5; Psalms 95:2; Psalms 100:4; Psalms 147:7; John 2:9
  • 7. Psalms 35:18; Psalms 109:30
  • 8. Psalms 38:6; Psalms 77:3; Lamentations 3:20; Matthew 26:38
  • 9. S Job 20:2
  • 10. S Psalms 25:5; S Psalms 71:14; Lamentations 3:24
  • 11. Psalms 9:1
  • 12. Psalms 18:46; Psalms 44:3
  • 13. ver 11; Psalms 43:5
  • 14. Psalms 63:6; Psalms 77:11
  • 15. Genesis 13:10; S Numbers 13:29
  • 16. S Deuteronomy 3:8; S Deuteronomy 4:48

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. See Septuagint and Syriac; the meaning of the Hebrew for this line is uncertain.
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