Psalms 45:1-9

For the director of music. To the tune of “Lilies.” Of the Sons of Korah. A maskil. A wedding song.

1 [a][b]My heart is stirred by a noble theme as I recite my verses for the king; my tongue is the pen of a skillful writer.
2 You are the most excellent of men and your lips have been anointed with grace, since God has blessed you forever.
3 Gird your sword on your side, you mighty one; clothe yourself with splendor and majesty.
4 In your majesty ride forth victoriously in the cause of truth, humility and justice; let your right hand achieve awesome deeds.
5 Let your sharp arrows pierce the hearts of the king’s enemies; let the nations fall beneath your feet.
6 Your throne, O God,[c] will last for ever and ever; a scepter of justice will be the scepter of your kingdom.
7 You love righteousness and hate wickedness; therefore God, your God, has set you above your companions by anointing you with the oil of joy.
8 All your robes are fragrant with myrrh and aloes and cassia; from palaces adorned with ivory the music of the strings makes you glad.
9 Daughters of kings are among your honored women; at your right hand is the royal bride in gold of Ophir.

Psalms 45:1-9 Meaning and Commentary

Psalms 45:1-9 In-Context

1 My heart is stirred by a noble theme as I recite my verses for the king; my tongue is the pen of a skillful writer.
2 You are the most excellent of men and your lips have been anointed with grace, since God has blessed you forever.
3 Gird your sword on your side, you mighty one; clothe yourself with splendor and majesty.
4 In your majesty ride forth victoriously in the cause of truth, humility and justice; let your right hand achieve awesome deeds.
5 Let your sharp arrows pierce the hearts of the king’s enemies; let the nations fall beneath your feet.
6 Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever; a scepter of justice will be the scepter of your kingdom.
7 You love righteousness and hate wickedness; therefore God, your God, has set you above your companions by anointing you with the oil of joy.
8 All your robes are fragrant with myrrh and aloes and cassia; from palaces adorned with ivory the music of the strings makes you glad.
9 Daughters of kings are among your honored women; at your right hand is the royal bride in gold of Ophir.
10 Listen, daughter, and pay careful attention: Forget your people and your father’s house.
11 Let the king be enthralled by your beauty; honor him, for he is your lord.
12 The city of Tyre will come with a gift,people of wealth will seek your favor.
13 All glorious is the princess within her chamber; her gown is interwoven with gold.

Cross References 27

  • 1. Luke 4:22
  • 2. Psalms 21:6
  • 3. S Deuteronomy 32:41; Psalms 149:6; Hebrews 4:12; Revelation 1:16
  • 4. S 2 Samuel 1:19; Isaiah 9:6
  • 5. S Job 40:10; S Psalms 21:5
  • 6. Revelation 6:2
  • 7. Zephaniah 2:3
  • 8. Psalms 21:8
  • 9. S Deuteronomy 4:34; Psalms 65:5; Psalms 66:3
  • 10. S Deuteronomy 32:23
  • 11. S Numbers 24:8
  • 12. Psalms 9:13; Psalms 92:9
  • 13. S Genesis 21:33; Lamentations 5:19; Psalms 93:2; Psalms 98:9
  • 14. Psalms 33:5
  • 15. S Psalms 11:5
  • 16. Psalms 2:2; Isaiah 45:1; Isaiah 61:1; Zechariah 4:14
  • 17. S Psalms 23:5; Psalms 21:6; Hebrews 1:8-9*
  • 18. Proverbs 27:9; Song of Songs 1:3; Song of Songs 4:10
  • 19. S Genesis 37:25
  • 20. S Numbers 24:6; John 19:39
  • 21. S Exodus 30:24
  • 22. S 1 Kings 22:39
  • 23. Psalms 144:9; Psalms 150:4; Isaiah 38:20
  • 24. Song of Songs 6:8
  • 25. 1 Kings 2:19
  • 26. Isaiah 62:5
  • 27. S Genesis 10:29

Footnotes 3

  • [a]. In Hebrew texts 45:1-17 is numbered 45:2-18.
  • [b]. Title: Probably a literary or musical term
  • [c]. Here the king is addressed as God’s representative.
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