Song of Songs 4:1-15

He

1 How beautiful you are, my darling! Oh, how beautiful! Your eyes behind your veil are doves. Your hair is like a flock of goats descending from the hills of Gilead.
2 Your teeth are like a flock of sheep just shorn, coming up from the washing. Each has its twin; not one of them is alone.
3 Your lips are like a scarlet ribbon; your mouth is lovely. Your temples behind your veil are like the halves of a pomegranate.
4 Your neck is like the tower of David, built with courses of stone[a] ; on it hang a thousand shields, all of them shields of warriors.
5 Your breasts are like two fawns, like twin fawns of a gazelle that browse among the lilies.
6 Until the day breaks and the shadows flee, I will go to the mountain of myrrh and to the hill of incense.
7 You are altogether beautiful, my darling; there is no flaw in you.
8 Come with me from Lebanon, my bride, come with me from Lebanon. Descend from the crest of Amana, from the top of Senir, the summit of Hermon, from the lions’ dens and the mountain haunts of leopards.
9 You have stolen my heart, my sister, my bride; you have stolen my heart with one glance of your eyes, with one jewel of your necklace.
10 How delightful is your love, my sister, my bride! How much more pleasing is your love than wine, and the fragrance of your perfume more than any spice!
11 Your lips drop sweetness as the honeycomb, my bride; milk and honey are under your tongue. The fragrance of your garments is like the fragrance of Lebanon.
12 You are a garden locked up, my sister, my bride; you are a spring enclosed, a sealed fountain.
13 Your plants are an orchard of pomegranates with choice fruits, with henna and nard,
14 nard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, with every kind of incense tree, with myrrh and aloes and all the finest spices.
15 You are[b] a garden fountain, a well of flowing water streaming down from Lebanon.

Song of Songs 4:1-15 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO SONG OF SOLOMON 4

In this chapter is contained a large commendation of the church's beauty by Christ; first, more particularly, by an enumeration of several parts, as her eyes, hair, teeth, lips, temples, neck, and breasts, So 4:1-5; and more generally, So 4:7; And having observed where he himself was determined to go, he invites her to go with him; which he enforces, partly from the danger she was exposed unto where she was So 4:6,8; and partly from the comeliness of her person and graces in his esteem; with which he was ravished, and therefore was extremely desirous of her company, So 4:9-11; And then enters into some new descriptions of her; as a garden and orchard, as a spring and fountain, So 4:12-14; all which she makes to be owing to him, So 4:15; And the chapter is closed with an order from Christ to the winds to blow on his garden, and cause the spices of it to flow out; and with an invitation of the church to Christ, to come into his garden, and relax there, So 4:16.

Song of Songs 4:1-15 In-Context

1 How beautiful you are, my darling! Oh, how beautiful! Your eyes behind your veil are doves. Your hair is like a flock of goats descending from the hills of Gilead.
2 Your teeth are like a flock of sheep just shorn, coming up from the washing. Each has its twin; not one of them is alone.
3 Your lips are like a scarlet ribbon; your mouth is lovely. Your temples behind your veil are like the halves of a pomegranate.
4 Your neck is like the tower of David, built with courses of stone ; on it hang a thousand shields, all of them shields of warriors.
5 Your breasts are like two fawns, like twin fawns of a gazelle that browse among the lilies.
6 Until the day breaks and the shadows flee, I will go to the mountain of myrrh and to the hill of incense.
7 You are altogether beautiful, my darling; there is no flaw in you.
8 Come with me from Lebanon, my bride, come with me from Lebanon. Descend from the crest of Amana, from the top of Senir, the summit of Hermon, from the lions’ dens and the mountain haunts of leopards.
9 You have stolen my heart, my sister, my bride; you have stolen my heart with one glance of your eyes, with one jewel of your necklace.
10 How delightful is your love, my sister, my bride! How much more pleasing is your love than wine, and the fragrance of your perfume more than any spice!
11 Your lips drop sweetness as the honeycomb, my bride; milk and honey are under your tongue. The fragrance of your garments is like the fragrance of Lebanon.
12 You are a garden locked up, my sister, my bride; you are a spring enclosed, a sealed fountain.
13 Your plants are an orchard of pomegranates with choice fruits, with henna and nard,
14 nard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, with every kind of incense tree, with myrrh and aloes and all the finest spices.
15 You are a garden fountain, a well of flowing water streaming down from Lebanon.
16 Awake, north wind, and come, south wind! Blow on my garden, that its fragrance may spread everywhere. Let my beloved come into his garden and taste its choice fruits.

Cross References 38

  • 1. S Genesis 24:65
  • 2. S Song of Songs 1:15; Song of Songs 5:12
  • 3. Genesis 37:25; Numbers 32:1; Song of Songs 6:5; Jeremiah 22:6; Micah 7:14
  • 4. Song of Songs 6:6
  • 5. Song of Songs 5:16
  • 6. S Song of Songs 1:5
  • 7. Song of Songs 6:7
  • 8. S Psalms 144:12; Song of Songs 7:4
  • 9. Ezekiel 27:10
  • 10. Song of Songs 7:3
  • 11. S Proverbs 5:19
  • 12. S Song of Songs 2:16; Song of Songs 6:2-3
  • 13. Song of Songs 2:17
  • 14. ver 14; S Song of Songs 3:6
  • 15. S Song of Songs 1:15
  • 16. Song of Songs 5:2
  • 17. ver 9,12; Song of Songs 5:1
  • 18. S Deuteronomy 3:9
  • 19. S 1 Chronicles 5:23
  • 20. S ver 8
  • 21. S Genesis 41:42; S Psalms 73:6
  • 22. Song of Songs 7:6
  • 23. S Song of Songs 1:2
  • 24. S Judges 9:13
  • 25. ver 16; S Psalms 45:8; Isaiah 57:9
  • 26. S Psalms 19:10; Song of Songs 5:1
  • 27. Hosea 14:6
  • 28. ver 16; Song of Songs 5:1; Song of Songs 6:2; Isaiah 5:7
  • 29. S ver 8
  • 30. Proverbs 5:15-18
  • 31. Song of Songs 6:11; Song of Songs 7:12
  • 32. Song of Songs 1:14
  • 33. S Exodus 30:23
  • 34. S Song of Songs 3:6
  • 35. S Numbers 24:6
  • 36. Song of Songs 1:12
  • 37. Isaiah 27:2; Isaiah 58:11; Jeremiah 31:12
  • 38. Proverbs 5:18

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. The meaning of the Hebrew for this phrase is uncertain.
  • [b]. Or "I am" (spoken by "She" )
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