When the ark of the LORD had been in Philistine territory seven months,
References for 1 Samuel 6:1
the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners1 and said, "What shall we do with the ark of the LORD? Tell us how we should send it back to its place."
References for 1 Samuel 6:2
They answered, "If you return the ark of the god of Israel, do not send it away empty,2 but by all means send a guilt offering3 to him. Then you will be healed, and you will know why his hand4 has not been lifted from you."
References for 1 Samuel 6:3
The Philistines asked, "What guilt offering should we send to him?" They replied, "Five gold tumors and five gold rats, according to the number5 of the Philistine rulers, because the same plague6 has struck both you and your rulers.
References for 1 Samuel 6:4
Make models of the tumors7 and of the rats that are destroying the country, and pay honor8 to Israel's god. Perhaps he will lift his hand from you and your gods and your land.
References for 1 Samuel 6:5
Why do you harden9 your hearts as the Egyptians and Pharaoh did? When he treated them harshly,10 did they11 not send the Israelites out so they could go on their way?
References for 1 Samuel 6:6
"Now then, get a new cart12 ready, with two cows that have calved and have never been yoked.13 Hitch the cows to the cart, but take their calves away and pen them up.
References for 1 Samuel 6:7
Take the ark of the LORD and put it on the cart, and in a chest beside it put the gold objects you are sending back to him as a guilt offering. Send it on its way,
but keep watching it. If it goes up to its own territory, toward Beth Shemesh,14 then the LORD has brought this great disaster on us. But if it does not, then we will know that it was not his hand that struck us and that it happened to us by chance."
References for 1 Samuel 6:9
So they did this. They took two such cows and hitched them to the cart and penned up their calves.
They placed the ark of the LORD on the cart and along with it the chest containing the gold rats and the models of the tumors.
Then the cows went straight up toward Beth Shemesh, keeping on the road and lowing all the way; they did not turn to the right or to the left. The rulers of the Philistines followed them as far as the border of Beth Shemesh.
Now the people of Beth Shemesh were harvesting their wheat15 in the valley, and when they looked up and saw the ark, they rejoiced at the sight.
References for 1 Samuel 6:13
The cart came to the field of Joshua of Beth Shemesh, and there it stopped beside a large rock. The people chopped up the wood of the cart and sacrificed the cows as a burnt offering16 to the LORD.
References for 1 Samuel 6:14
The Levites17 took down the ark of the LORD, together with the chest containing the gold objects, and placed them on the large rock.18 On that day the people of Beth Shemesh19 offered burnt offerings and made sacrifices to the LORD.
References for 1 Samuel 6:15
The five rulers of the Philistines saw all this and then returned that same day to Ekron.
These are the gold tumors the Philistines sent as a guilt offering to the LORD--one each20 for Ashdod, Gaza, Ashkelon, Gath and Ekron.
References for 1 Samuel 6:17
And the number of the gold rats was according to the number of Philistine towns belonging to the five rulers--the fortified towns with their country villages. The large rock, on which they set the ark of the LORD, is a witness to this day in the field of Joshua of Beth Shemesh.
References for 1 Samuel 6:18
But God struck down21 some of the men of Beth Shemesh, putting seventy of them to death because they had looked22 into the ark of the LORD. The people mourned because of the heavy blow the LORD had dealt them,
References for 1 Samuel 6:19
and the men of Beth Shemesh asked, "Who can stand23 in the presence of the LORD, this holy24 God? To whom will the ark go up from here?"
References for 1 Samuel 6:20
Then they sent messengers to the people of Kiriath Jearim,25 saying, "The Philistines have returned the ark of the LORD. Come down and take it up to your place."
References for 1 Samuel 6:21