2 Kings 18 NIV

Hezekiah King of Judah

18:2-4pp -- 2Ch 29:1-2; 31:1 18:5-7pp -- 2Ch 31:20-21 18:9-12pp -- 2Ki 17:3-7

1 In the third year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, Hezekiah1 son of Ahaz king of Judah began to reign.

References for 2 Kings 18:1

2 He was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem twenty-nine years.2 His mother's name was Abijaha daughter of Zechariah.

References for 2 Kings 18:2

    • a 18:2 - Hebrew "Abi," a variant of "Abijah"
      3 He did what was right3 in the eyes of the LORD, just as his father David4 had done.

      References for 2 Kings 18:3

      4 He removed5 the high places,6 smashed the sacred stones7 and cut down the Asherah poles. He broke into pieces the bronze snake8 Moses had made, for up to that time the Israelites had been burning incense to it. (It was calledb Nehushtan.c )

      References for 2 Kings 18:4

        • b 18:4 - Or "He called it"
        • c 18:4 - "Nehushtan" sounds like the Hebrew for "bronze" and "snake" and "unclean thing".
          5 Hezekiah trusted9 in the LORD, the God of Israel. There was no one like him among all the kings of Judah, either before him or after him.

          References for 2 Kings 18:5

          6 He held fast10 to the LORD and did not cease to follow him; he kept the commands the LORD had given Moses.

          References for 2 Kings 18:6

          7 And the LORD was with him; he was successful11 in whatever he undertook. He rebelled12 against the king of Assyria and did not serve him.

          References for 2 Kings 18:7

          8 From watchtower to fortified city,13 he defeated the Philistines, as far as Gaza and its territory.

          References for 2 Kings 18:8

          9 In King Hezekiah's fourth year,14 which was the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, Shalmaneser king of Assyria marched against Samaria and laid siege to it.

          References for 2 Kings 18:9

          10 At the end of three years the Assyrians took it. So Samaria was captured in Hezekiah's sixth year, which was the ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel.
          11 The king15 of Assyria deported Israel to Assyria and settled them in Halah, in Gozan on the Habor River and in towns of the Medes.16

          References for 2 Kings 18:11

          12 This happened because they had not obeyed the LORD their God, but had violated his covenant17--all that Moses the servant of the LORD commanded.18 They neither listened to the commands19 nor carried them out.

          References for 2 Kings 18:12

          13 In the fourteenth year20 of King Hezekiah's reign, Sennacherib king of Assyria attacked all the fortified cities of Judah21 and captured them.

          References for 2 Kings 18:13

          14 So Hezekiah king of Judah sent this message to the king of Assyria at Lachish:22 "I have done wrong.23 Withdraw from me, and I will pay whatever you demand of me." The king of Assyria exacted from Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talentsd of silver and thirty talentse of gold.

          References for 2 Kings 18:14

            • d 18:14 - That is, about 11 tons (about 10 metric tons)
            • e 18:14 - That is, about 1 ton (about 1 metric ton)
              15 So Hezekiah gave24 him all the silver that was found in the temple of the LORD and in the treasuries of the royal palace.

              References for 2 Kings 18:15

              16 At this time Hezekiah king of Judah stripped off the gold with which he had covered the doors25 and doorposts of the temple of the LORD, and gave it to the king of Assyria.

              References for 2 Kings 18:16

              Sennacherib Threatens Jerusalem

              18:13, 17-37pp -- Isa 36:1-22 18:17-35pp -- 2Ch 32:9-19

              17 The king of Assyria sent his supreme commander,26 his chief officer and his field commander with a large army, from Lachish to King Hezekiah at Jerusalem. They came up to Jerusalem and stopped at the aqueduct of the Upper Pool,27 on the road to the Washerman's Field.

              References for 2 Kings 18:17

              18 They called for the king; and Eliakim28 son of Hilkiah the palace administrator, Shebna29 the secretary, and Joah son of Asaph the recorder went out to them.

              References for 2 Kings 18:18

              19 The field commander said to them, "Tell Hezekiah: " 'This is what the great king, the king of Assyria, says: On what are you basing this confidence30 of yours?

              References for 2 Kings 18:19

                  20 You say you have strategy and military strength--but you speak only empty words. On whom are you depending, that you rebel against me?
                  21 Look now, you are depending on Egypt,31 that splintered reed of a staff,32 which pierces a man's hand and wounds him if he leans on it! Such is Pharaoh king of Egypt to all who depend on him.

                  References for 2 Kings 18:21

                  22 And if you say to me, "We are depending on the LORD our God"--isn't he the one whose high places and altars Hezekiah removed, saying to Judah and Jerusalem, "You must worship before this altar in Jerusalem"?
                  23 " 'Come now, make a bargain with my master, the king of Assyria: I will give you two thousand horses--if you can put riders on them!
                  24 How can you repulse one officer33 of the least of my master's officials, even though you are depending on Egypt for chariots and horsemenf ?

                  References for 2 Kings 18:24

                    • f 18:24 - Or "charioteers"
                      25 Furthermore, have I come to attack and destroy this place without word from the LORD?34 The LORD himself told me to march against this country and destroy it.' "

                      References for 2 Kings 18:25

                      26 Then Eliakim son of Hilkiah, and Shebna and Joah said to the field commander, "Please speak to your servants in Aramaic,35 since we understand it. Don't speak to us in Hebrew in the hearing of the people on the wall."

                      References for 2 Kings 18:26

                      27 But the commander replied, "Was it only to your master and you that my master sent me to say these things, and not to the men sitting on the wall--who, like you, will have to eat their own filth and drink their own urine?"
                      28 Then the commander stood and called out in Hebrew: "Hear the word of the great king, the king of Assyria!
                      29 This is what the king says: Do not let Hezekiah deceive36 you. He cannot deliver you from my hand.

                      References for 2 Kings 18:29

                      30 Do not let Hezekiah persuade you to trust in the LORD when he says, 'The LORD will surely deliver us; this city will not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria.'
                      31 "Do not listen to Hezekiah. This is what the king of Assyria says: Make peace with me and come out to me. Then every one of you will eat from his own vine and fig tree37 and drink water from his own cistern,38

                      References for 2 Kings 18:31

                      32 until I come and take you to a land like your own, a land of grain and new wine, a land of bread and vineyards, a land of olive trees and honey. Choose life39 and not death! "Do not listen to Hezekiah, for he is misleading you when he says, 'The LORD will deliver us.'

                      References for 2 Kings 18:32

                      33 Has the god40 of any nation ever delivered his land from the hand of the king of Assyria?

                      References for 2 Kings 18:33

                      34 Where are the gods of Hamath41 and Arpad?42 Where are the gods of Sepharvaim, Hena and Ivvah? Have they rescued Samaria from my hand?

                      References for 2 Kings 18:34

                      35 Who of all the gods of these countries has been able to save his land from me? How then can the LORD deliver Jerusalem from my hand?"43

                      References for 2 Kings 18:35

                      36 But the people remained silent and said nothing in reply, because the king had commanded, "Do not answer him."
                      37 Then Eliakim44 son of Hilkiah the palace administrator, Shebna the secretary and Joah son of Asaph the recorder went to Hezekiah, with their clothes torn,45 and told him what the field commander had said.

                      References for 2 Kings 18:37